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  1. 1. VALLEY FORGE NATIONAL PARK Arjun Madhavan
  2. 2. OVERVIEW • Power Point • Relevance • My Experience • Revolutionary War • Class Activity • History of Valley Forge • Conclusion • Valley Forge Today • Park and Conservation
  3. 3. THESIS Valley Forge National Park serves as a peaceful reminder of freedom won by sacrifices long ago. Its 3,600 acres of picturesque, rolling hills serve as an example of the importance of environment conservation.
  4. 4. PERSONAL RELEVANCE History Biology Proximity Conservation
  5. 5. RELEVANCE OF VALLEY FORGE Most historic place around our area Scenic beauty Importance in Revolutionary War Education (false information) http://interfacelift.com/wallpaper_beta/D35ebee6/01773_valleyforge_1280x800.jpg
  6. 6. THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR 1775-1783 “The American Revolutionary War” or “American War of Independence” War between Great Britain and 13 former British Colonies Colonists Rebel http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ed/United_States_Northern_Command_emblem.png
  7. 7. COMBATANTS Colonists divided on support Patriots & Loyalists British European Nations African Americans http://www.thecaptainsmemos.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/Revolutionary-War.jpg Native Americans
  8. 8. BRITISH ARMY http://www.navycs.com/gallery2/d/9417-2/british-army-flag.jpg Spans over three and a half centuries Occupies Boston in 1786 Boston Massacre of 1770
  9. 9. AMERICAN CONTINENTAL ARMY http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~njobtdar/images/ValleyForge.gif Formed May 10th, 1775 Local Militias http://files.myopera.com/SiBrunk/albums/691571/revolutionary-war-soldiers.jpg Disbanded in 1783
  10. 10. GEORGE WASHINGTON http://www.wicknet.org/history/jvanatta/gallery/General%20George%20Washington%20Resigning%20his%20Commission%20%28John%20Trumbull,%201824%29.jpg Commander-in-Chief Morale Booster Becomes First President http://www.learnnc.org/lp/media/uploads/2009/04/george-washington-gilbert-stuart.jpg
  11. 11. BATTLES AROUND THE AREA Philadelphia Paoli, Brandywine, Germantown, Morristown, White Marsh
  12. 12. WHY VALLEY FORGE Rest over the Winter of ’77 Close but not too close Mount Joy Mount Misery http://www.arago.si.edu/media/000/027/882/27882_lg.jpg
  13. 13. DECEMBER 19, 1777 http://www.freespiritart.com/images/winter-valley-forge.jpg 12,000 arrive Camp grounds selected Construction of 2,000 of huts
  14. 14. FOOD AND CLOTHING SHORTAGES Irregular meat and bread supplies Fire Cake http://www.valley.forge.national-park.com/images/winterartillerqy.jpeg Starvation Animal Clothing http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/17/Revolutionary_War_Cemetery,_Salem,_NY.jpg/300px-Revolutionary_War_Cemetery,
  15. 15. DISEASE Very Rampant Poor sanitary conditions Dysentery Pneumonia Jaundice Typhoid www.solarnavigator.net/history/explorers_hist
  16. 16. THE DEPARTURE June 19, 1778 British advance to NY http://oathkeepers.org/oath/wp-content/uploads/Washington-at-Valley-Forge.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_QGqu4ZDNdHw/ShG3MC2vnfI/AAAAAAAAAAk/IttbYwz-w1s/s320/revolutionary-war-007.jpg
  17. 17. AFTER VALLEY FORGE 5 Years of Battle Treaty of Paris British leave New York US Constitution http://oathkeepers.org/oath/wp-content/uploads/Washington-at-Valley-Forg2e.jpg
  18. 18. TODAY
  19. 19. NATIONAL MEMORIAL ARCH
  20. 20. THREATS AND CONTROVERSIES
  21. 21. SPEEDING
  22. 22. NEO-NAZI RALLY http://fusco.files.wordpress.com/2010/01/untitled-34.jpg http://expatbrian.files.wordpress.com/2007/12/swastika1.png
  23. 23. NATIONAL PARKS
  24. 24. WATER POLLUTION
  25. 25. COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3151/2752519669_e5ff3be2c3.jpg
  26. 26. MILITARY CEMETERY June 2001 200 acre cemetery http://www.destination360.com/north-america/us/washington-dc/images/s/washington-dc-arlington-national-cemetery-s.jpg
  27. 27. INVASIVE PLANTS http://www.jkinjectiontools.com/images/plantpics/hogweed_1.gif
  28. 28. INVASIVE PLANTS Disrupt environments Introduced by accident Grow quickly http://www.aldertreegarden.com/images/DSCN0508.jpg
  29. 29. JAPANESE STILT GRASS
  30. 30. PURPLE LOOSESTRIFE
  31. 31. MILE-A-MINUTE WEED
  32. 32. JAPANESE BARBERRY http://pics.davesgarden.com/pics/2005/05/04/Kachinagirl/dd64d9.jpg http://www.burncoose.co.uk/site/img/products/large/berberis_thunbergii_golden_ring.jpg
  33. 33. WHITE TAILED DEER http://www.dupageforest.com/media/images/cms/District_News/Multimedia_Gallery/Photo_Galleries/White-Tailed-Deer-Fawn.jpg http://www.theanimalfiles.com/images/white_tailed_deer_s2.jpg
  34. 34. RUSTY CRAYFISH http://www.wisconline.com/feature/crayfish.jpg http://www.learninghowtofish.com/media/AIS/rustycrawfish.jpg
  35. 35. ENVIRONMENTAL PLAN http://bayareacomre.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/epa.jpg http://news.stanford.edu/news/2007/may2/gifs/plants_swordfern.jpg http://depts.washington.edu/natmap/photos/mammals/white-tailed_deer_5924np.jpg
  36. 36. WORK CITED EyeWitness to History. "The Continental Army at Valley Forge, 1777."      EyeWitness History. N.p., 2006. Web. 10 May 2010.      <http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/valleyforge.htm> Hillclimb Media. "Valley Forge National Historical Park." National Parks. Media Bodyle, Wayne K. The Valley Forge Winter: Civilians and Soldiers in War.      Knowledge, 2007. Web. 18 May 2010.      University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002. Print.      <http://www.valley.forge.national-park.com/>. Kaufman, Wallace, and Sylvan Ramsey Kaufman. Invasive Plants: A Guide to Multieducator. "Revolutinary War." History Centeral. Multieducator, 1998. Web.      Identification, Impacts, and Control of Common North American Species.      18 May 2010. <http://www.historycentral.com/Revolt/>.      Mechanicsburgh PA: Stackpole Books, 2007. Print. Cunneen, Parker. "Revolutionary War." 42 Explore 2. 42 Explore 2, 2010. Web. 16 NPCA. "Valley Forge National Historical Park." NPCA. National Parks Conservation      May 2010. <http://www.42explore2.com/revolt.htm>.      Association, 2010. Web. 10 May 2010. <http://www.npca.org/mid_atlantic/      valley-forge.html>. Hayes Weston. “Invasive Plants.” Ecology and Managment of Invasive Species. EMIS , 2007. Web. 16      May 2010. <http://www.invasiveplants.net/>. Ostrander, Stephen J. Great Natural Areas in Eastern Pennsylvania.      Mechanicsburgh PA: Stackpole Books, 1996. Print. NPCA. "Valley Forge National Historical Park." NPCA. National Parks Conservation      Association, 2010. Web. 10 May 2010. <http://www.npca.org/mid_atlantic/ Radosevich, Steven R., Jodie S. Holt, and Claudio M. Ghersa. Ecology of weeds      valley-forge.html>.      and invasive plants. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007. Print. Mealin, Andrew. "Plant Biology Index." North Carolina State University. NCSU, Reese, Lorett. Valley Forge: Making and Remaking a National Symbol. University      2010. Web. 18 May 2010. <http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/plantbiology/>.      Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995. Print. Emerson. "Valley Forge Convention & Visitor Center." Valley Forge. N.p., 2010.      Web. 15 May 2010. <http://www.valleyforge.org/nationalpark/>.
  37. 37. CONCLUSION

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