Creativity and social innovations in community development From Theory to Practice Adjunct Professor Dr. Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko University of Tampere, Finland Finnish-Namibian Planning Workshop University of Tampere, Tampere 31 August 2010
<ul><li>Creativity and social innovations provide opportunities to </li></ul><ul><li>generate business and jobs </li></ul><ul><li>increase the attractiveness of local communities </li></ul><ul><li>increase democracy and social inclusion. </li></ul>
The concept of creative city is based on a conviction that creative industries and creativity as a generic attribute of social life form an integral part of post-industrial economy and thus provide opportunities to generate business and jobs and to increase the attractiveness of local communities. Creative City Landry, Charles (2000) The Creative City: A toolkit for urban innovators, London: Earthscan Florida, Richard (2002) The rise of the creative class—and how it is transforming leisure, community and everyday life. New York: Basic Books Florida, Richard (2005) Cities and the Creative Class. New York: Routledge. Hall, P. (1998) Cities in Civilisation: culture, innovation and urban order. London: Weidenfeld Scott, Allen J. (2008) Social Economy of the Metropolis: Cognitive-Cultural Capitalism and the Global Resurgence of Cities. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Zukin, S. (1995) The Cultures of Cities. Cambridge MA: Blackwell. Jakobs, J. (1984) Cities and the Wealth of Nations: Principles of Economic Life. NY: Random House.
Silicon Valley Dublin Kanazawa Brisbane London Kioto Toronto Amsterdam Sydney Yokohama Hong Kong Boston Baltimore Bilbao Barcelona Vancouver Singapore Creativity may mean different things to different regions and cities in their strategic positioning and development. This diversity becomes apparent when comparing such renowned creative cities as London, Barcelona, Bilbao, Vancouver, Toronto, New York, Baltimore, Los Angeles, Palo Alto, Brisbane, Osaka and Kanazawa. In this respect it is interesting to discuss how this development scheme could be applied to different kinds of cities in developing countries . Creative communities in Namibia Helsinki Tampere
Creative Community for Development CC4D Potentials of local communities <ul><li>Low value-adding activities </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional CC4D area </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism, handicraft etc. </li></ul><ul><li>High value-adding activities </li></ul><ul><li>Challenging CC4D area </li></ul><ul><li>Special skills and competencies, e.g. education, media, high-tech etc. </li></ul>
CC4D Examples from Namibia Food & Culture Xwama Cultural Village (restaurant and Curio Shop) in Katutura, Windhoek Communal conservancies Conservation, PPP, joint-venture tourism, community governance Arts Festivals (BWAF), galleries (NAGN, Katutura Community Art Centre), music, exhibitions, etc.
Increasing CC4D potential: utilising various forms of innovation Lack of creativity, innovativeness, local involvement and entrepreneurship? <ul><li>How to increase creativity and innovation potential? </li></ul><ul><li>Open innovation </li></ul><ul><li>User innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Community innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Social innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Connections to social inclusion and democratic governance </li></ul>
<ul><li>Social innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Social innovation refers to new strategies, concepts, ideas and organisations that meet social needs of all kinds - from working conditions and education to community development and health - and that extend and strengthen civil society . (wikipedia) </li></ul><ul><li>innovation in public services </li></ul><ul><li>innovation in public/democratic governance </li></ul><ul><li>social entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>community and regional development </li></ul>Creative community Social innovations
“ We held our third Social Innovation Camp last weekend at the Saltire Centre, Glasgow and it was a lot of fun. Over 60 people joined us from a Friday evening to a Sunday afternoon to help make six back-of-the-envelope ideas for web tools to change the world into real social start-ups complete with working software - all in under 48 hours.” (Glasgow June 2009)
BarCamp Movement BarCamps are ad hoc gatherings or ‘conferences’, which bring people with different backgrounds together to discuss important community and development issues. First genuine BarCamp was organised in Palo Alto (CA) in the mid-2000s. BarCamps are based on the idea that participants have a say in setting the agenda and a chance to contribute collaboratively and more or less altruistically to local and global developments by attending ad hoc sessions.
Innovations in community governance <ul><li>COUNCIL </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling council </li></ul><ul><li>(= working in partnership with the local community, voluntary organisations and the private sector to maximise social and economic development in the community). </li></ul><ul><li>Drama-based learning </li></ul><ul><li>INTERACTION </li></ul><ul><li>Council on wheels </li></ul><ul><li>Councillor-citizen forums </li></ul><ul><li>CIVIC DELIBERATION </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen juries </li></ul><ul><li>Consensus conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Youth councils </li></ul>
Capital city Easy access Good infrastructure Government departments Head offices (banks etc.) Investment opportunities Conference city Tourist destination
Creativity and social innovations: an opportunity to Namibian cities, towns and villages
Thank you! Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko University of Tampere [email_address]