Competitive Intelligence for Market Researchers: an Exercise-Driven, Interactive Workshop Arik R. Johnson IIR - The Market...
Defining Objectives for Today <ul><li>Understand the Framework of Techniques Used to Understand & Anticipate Industry Chan...
Competitors, Customers & Technologies Are Complex Interdependencies CI is about “Seeing Clearly” through Market Illusions
What is Competitive Intelligence <ul><li>As much about substitutes, emerging new entrants, changing technologies and busin...
Typical Climate of CI Initiative <ul><li>Crisis response in reaction to market surprise – arising from a new competitor, r...
Traditional CI Follows a Disciplined Process for Information Collection and Analysis Deliver, Inform & Recommend Planning ...
Research Collection Sources <ul><li>Where does the information come from? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary Research </li></ul...
Analysis is Key The Difference Between Data and Intelligence “ The competitor would make a good acquisition candidate. Its...
Two Fundamental Competitive Analysis Model Examples SWOT Analysis Core Competence
Key Intelligence Topics (KITs) <ul><li>Process of Interactive Dialog with Decision-Makers through KIT Interviews; Consists...
KITs – Strategic Issues <ul><ul><li>Strategic Investment Decisions: Identify and assess changes in the competitive environ...
KITs – Key Players <ul><ul><li>Context-specific Company & Market Profile Assessments of our competitors, including strateg...
KITs – Early Warning <ul><ul><li>Potential Areas for Disruptive Technological Breakthrough that could dramatically affect ...
Tactical CI Project Example: Cost Analysis
Level of CI Involvement in M&A Stage   ID   Evaluate  Due    Consum- Criteria    Targets   Analyze  Diligence  Recommend  ...
Seven Steps to Effective Competitive Benchmarking <ul><li>Determine functional areas within your operation to be benchmark...
The Ideal Analyst = Investigative Journalist <ul><li>e.g. Maria Bartiromo (CNBC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Argument/Idea Evang...
Different Missions, Different Approaches Specialist Slower Production Less Output, More Analytical Agenda Driven by Contac...
The Insight Method <ul><li>Take Nothing at Face Value </li></ul><ul><li>Get to the Facts at the Heart of an Issue </li></u...
The Duality of Intelligence Both  Decisive & Incisive Sensing Incisive Scanning for Trends, there is no “Decision” to be m...
Porter’s Five Forces Model
Impacts on Planning & Execution Your Company’s Plans and Execution Vision and  Grand Strategy Strategic Plans Market Succe...
“ Strategic Intelligence” <ul><li>Principles of Defensive Warfare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only the market leader should cons...
Growth Vector Analysis <ul><li>Growth Vector Analysis (GVA) reviews the different product alternatives available to the fi...
Success Breeds Complacency <ul><li>“ It is a classic conundrum for business titans: How much money and attention should be...
Process of Predicting Industry Change Customer Needs Competitive Operational Posture Technology & Innovation
Consumers “Hire” Products to Do “Jobs” for Them Concentrate Less on What Customers “Want” and More on What Customers “Need...
Disruptive Technology
Value Chain Evolution Theory Disruptive Business Models: Vertically Integrating VC to Improve What’s “Not Good Enough” in ...
RPV Theory: Building Capabilities Processes Ways to Turn Resources into Products/Services Hiring/Training Product Dev. Man...
Disruptive Innovation Theory Sustaining Innovations Better Products Brought to Established Markets Low-End Disruptions Tar...
Consumer Demand & Signals of Change <ul><li>Non-Market Contexts: External Forces (Government, Economics, etc.) Increasing ...
Process of Predicting Industry Change Signals of Change Strategic Choices Influencing Success Likely Outcome of Competitiv...
The CI Think Tank Model Tasking the Research & Analysis Bureau using by KITs & Scenarios to Deliver a Portfolio of End-Use...
 
 
 
 
 
 
Process of Predicting Industry Change Breakout Discussions Customer Needs Operational Approach & Posture Technology & Inno...
Competitor Vignettes <ul><li>A.) Articulate Opposing Worldviews & their Impact on Resulting Competitor Strategy </li></ul>...
Competitor Vignettes <ul><li>Toyota vs. General Motors </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft vs. Google </li></ul><ul><li>Intel vs. ...
Aurora 2007 Enterprise Competitive Intelligence Software Review Available for Download at www.ReconG2.com November 2006
Questions or Comments? <ul><li>www.AuroraWDC.com </li></ul>Arik R. Johnson Intelligence Development Institute [email_addre...
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Competitive Intelligence for Market Researchers: an Exercise-Driven, Interactive Workshop

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Introduction to Competitive Intelligence Principles Workshop, Designed for a Market Research Audience and Delivered at the 2006 Institute for International Research (IIR) Market Research Event in Los Angeles, California October 22

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  • Competitive Intelligence for Market Researchers: an Exercise-Driven, Interactive Workshop

    1. 1. Competitive Intelligence for Market Researchers: an Exercise-Driven, Interactive Workshop Arik R. Johnson IIR - The Market Research Event Development & Leadership Institute Competitive Intelligence Workshop CEO & Managing Director, Aurora WDC Los Angeles, California USA [email_address] Sunday 22 October 2006
    2. 2. Defining Objectives for Today <ul><li>Understand the Framework of Techniques Used to Understand & Anticipate Industry Changes and Market Dynamics using Competitive Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Practice Applying those Techniques in Real-Life “Vignettes” as Simulated Scenario Examples using the Core Theories of Innovation as the Analytical Framework </li></ul>
    3. 3. Competitors, Customers & Technologies Are Complex Interdependencies CI is about “Seeing Clearly” through Market Illusions
    4. 4. What is Competitive Intelligence <ul><li>As much about substitutes, emerging new entrants, changing technologies and business models to address needs of customers, as it is about competitors. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand unarticulated customer needs today and align assets & innovations for success tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk & Reward – risk to the current status quo or goals vector plus reward in addressing new market objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>CI is about Sensing, Interpreting & Acting to Mitigate Threats & Exploit Opportunities in 3 Contexts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategy – existential mission and competency applicability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operations – performance alignment of assets and interface to industry/market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactics – engagement with customers vis-à-vis equivalents </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Typical Climate of CI Initiative <ul><li>Crisis response in reaction to market surprise – arising from a new competitor, regulatory environment, business model shift, customer/vendor backward/forward integration. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding this climate requires discipline in contemplating strategic scenarios to drive key intelligence topics (KITs). </li></ul><ul><li>A simpler approach will be discussed here, but first, the “traditional approach”… </li></ul>
    6. 6. Traditional CI Follows a Disciplined Process for Information Collection and Analysis Deliver, Inform & Recommend Planning & Direction Secondary Research Analysis & Production Primary Research Tactical Users & Strategic Decision Makers Needs The Traditional CI Cycle
    7. 7. Research Collection Sources <ul><li>Where does the information come from? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We may share customers, prospects and suppliers who can be interviewed. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Every company has knowledgeable employees with loose lips. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Companies release information for promotional, image and regulatory purposes. </li></ul></ul></ul>No Company Operates in Isolation Information is exchanged everywhere money is exchanged.
    8. 8. Analysis is Key The Difference Between Data and Intelligence “ The competitor would make a good acquisition candidate. Its lean & mean structure would fit well with our current operations.” Intelligence: The insight that will allow you to make an informed decision “ After gathering more operational information and running a side-by-side profit & loss analysis, it appears the competitor has become highly efficient. It exceeds industry standards and has become a best-in-class facility.” Analysis: Distilled information “ Based on the D&B and the salesperson’s report, it appears the competitor has lost business.” Information: A pooling of these bits of facts, observations and rumors 2001: “The D&B report told us that the competitors plant had 100 employees.” 2004: “One of our salespeople just passed by the competitor’s plant and spotted only 30 cars in the lot.” Data: Scattered bits and pieces of facts, observations and rumors
    9. 9. Two Fundamental Competitive Analysis Model Examples SWOT Analysis Core Competence
    10. 10. Key Intelligence Topics (KITs) <ul><li>Process of Interactive Dialog with Decision-Makers through KIT Interviews; Consists of 3 Protocols w/Subtle Differences: </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic Decisions/Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Key Marketplace Players </li></ul><ul><li>Early-Warning Topics </li></ul>
    11. 11. KITs – Strategic Issues <ul><ul><li>Strategic Investment Decisions: Identify and assess changes in the competitive environment, possible future investments, including alliances, acquisitions, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should we expand our current production capacity or build new capacity with a more cost-effective manufacturing process? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What plans and actions must we take to maintain (our) technological competitiveness as compared with competitive alternatives? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Product Development and New Market Launch: Assessment of leading competitors and the status of competing technologies.How and when will the competitors respond and how could they affect our plans? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales & Marketing Strategy as Positioning in the industry. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection of IP and proprietary information and technology: Competitors efforts to acquire or undermine it, and are there others interested in it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide advice for developing the company’s ongoing strategic plan by assessing the role of risks and opportunities in achieving our business goals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Globalization & Outsourcing in the Industry: How/with whom should we proceed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Market Development: Assess the current competitive situation and describe the most likely future situational scenarios. </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. KITs – Key Players <ul><ul><li>Context-specific Company & Market Profile Assessments of our competitors, including strategic plans, competitive strategies, financial & market performance, organization & key personnel, R&D, operations, sales & marketing, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify Emerging Competitors, particularly those coming from different industries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe & Assess Current & Future Competitive Environment, including: customers and competitors; markets and suppliers; production and product technologies; political and environmental; and the industry’s structure, including changes and trends. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Customers, their changing needs and future interests: What are they and how are our competitors trying to satisfy them? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify and assess new industry/market players, including: suppliers, distributors, customers and/or competitors, that are considering entry into our business. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Technology Development: Who are they and what are their plans and strategies for competing in our industry? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketshare and Historical Growth Data, including that of our competitors for comparison. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management support for regulatory and environmental activities for decision making. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry, financial & customer community views, attitudes and perceptions regarding the Positioning or Value of our brand, products and services. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceptions by Financial & Investment Community of our Business & Industry </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. KITs – Early Warning <ul><ul><li>Potential Areas for Disruptive Technological Breakthrough that could dramatically affect our current and future competitiveness, positively or negatively. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological Process Developments affecting either production capabilities, costs or product development, and their uses by competitors and others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance of Key Suppliers - financial health, cost & quality issues, potential acquisition or alliances. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential for Disruption in Supply Chain and Change in Industry Procurement Practices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change in Customer & Competitors Perceptions of our company, products and services. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies and/or Combinations of Companies, considering possible entry into our business or markets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in international political, social, economic, environmental or regulatory situations that could effect our competitiveness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulatory Issues: near-term changes and deviations in long-term trends; legislative changes that could impact current regulatory status quo. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence on Alliances, Acquisitions, and Divestitures among our Competitors, Customers and Suppliers: Understanding the forces causing them and purposes of each deal. </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Tactical CI Project Example: Cost Analysis
    15. 15. Level of CI Involvement in M&A Stage ID Evaluate Due Consum- Criteria Targets Analyze Diligence Recommend Negotiation mation Integration Level of CI Involvement High Low Intelligence Research Business Units Finance Technical Assessment Legal Executives M&A Specialists Transition Team Logistics HR
    16. 16. Seven Steps to Effective Competitive Benchmarking <ul><li>Determine functional areas within your operation to be benchmarked . This is likely to be those areas that will benefit most from the benchmarking process, based upon the cost, importance and potential of changes following the study. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the key factors and variables with which to measure those functions. Two general forms – wherewithal/resources and goals/strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>Select the best-in-class companies for each area to be benchmarked -- those companies that perform each function at the lowest cost, with the highest degree of customer satisfaction, etc. The companies you select will be those that do whatever you’re measuring better than you do and/or are ones you wish to emulate or copy. </li></ul><ul><li>Measure performance of the comparison companies for each benchmark being considered. </li></ul><ul><li>Measure your own performance for each variable and begin comparing the results in an &quot;apples-to-apples&quot; format to determine the gap between your firm and the best-in-class examples. </li></ul><ul><li>Specify programs and actions to meet and surpass the competition based on a plan developed to enhance those areas that show potential for compliment. </li></ul><ul><li>Implement your improvement program by setting specific improvement targets and deadlines, and by developing a monitoring process to review and update the analysis over time. This will also form the basis for ongoing monitoring, revision and recalibration of measurements in future benchmarking studies. </li></ul>
    17. 17. The Ideal Analyst = Investigative Journalist <ul><li>e.g. Maria Bartiromo (CNBC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Argument/Idea Evangelist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurial Passion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quick Study with Intense Curiosity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instinctive but Empirical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project/Deadline Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarian/Information Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard-Core Interviewer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pattern Recognizant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Communicator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persuasive Position Advocate </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Different Missions, Different Approaches Specialist Slower Production Less Output, More Analytical Agenda Driven by Contact Network Lots of Subject Matter Knowledge Seeks Explanation of the Subject Investigative Very Slow, Curious, Historical Little Output, Highly Analytical Questions Official Positions, Listens to Nonspokesmen Operates Outside Routine Agenda of the Publisher Generalist In a Hurry Lots of Output, Less Analytical Agenda Driven by the Publisher Little Knowledge of Subject Matter Seeks Volume of Public Interest
    19. 19. The Insight Method <ul><li>Take Nothing at Face Value </li></ul><ul><li>Get to the Facts at the Heart of an Issue </li></ul><ul><li>Explain Difficult Concepts, Don’t Write Around It </li></ul><ul><li>Speak to As Many Relevant People as Possible </li></ul><ul><li>Use Simple, Obvious Questions to Open Subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Echo Main Source, Find Other Views </li></ul><ul><li>Every Company, Person & Issue Has a History that Drives Behavior Today </li></ul><ul><li>Sunday Times </li></ul>
    20. 20. The Duality of Intelligence Both Decisive & Incisive Sensing Incisive Scanning for Trends, there is no “Decision” to be made Recognizing “Pattern Vectors” Framework for Interpretation Implications for the Reader Bottom-Up Driven by Trends Outcome is Observation Hypothetical Decisive Frame of Reference is the Decision, Less Trend-Dependent Framework for Analysis Compares Options & Outcomes Recommendations and Trust Top-Down Driven by Issues Decision & Action vs. ‘Nariyuki’ Factual
    21. 21. Porter’s Five Forces Model
    22. 22. Impacts on Planning & Execution Your Company’s Plans and Execution Vision and Grand Strategy Strategic Plans Market Success Operational Projects and Programs Tactical Execution Other (More-or-Less) “Uncontrollables” Competitors’ Plans and Actions New Forms of Competition X Y Z P Q R A B C Indirect Competitors Direct Competitors Government and Regulatory The Economy Technology Market Trends Industry Rationalization Other Unknowns
    23. 23. “ Strategic Intelligence” <ul><li>Principles of Defensive Warfare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only the market leader should consider playing defense. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The best defensive strategy is the courage to attack yourself. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong competitive moves should always be blocked. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Principles of Offensive Warfare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The main consideration is the strength of the leader's position. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find a weakness in the leader's strength and attack at that point. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Launch the attack on as narrow a front as possible. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Principles of Flanking Warfare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A good flanking move must be made into an uncontested area. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactical surprise ought to be an important element of the plan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The pursuit is just as critical as the attack itself. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Principles of Guerilla Warfare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find a segment of the market small enough to defend. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No matter how successful you become, never act like the leader. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be prepared to bug out at a moment's notice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- Jack Trout </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Guerilla </li></ul><ul><li>Small Players </li></ul><ul><li>Finding market small enough to defend </li></ul><ul><li>Prepared to bug out at moment’s notice </li></ul><ul><li>Flanking </li></ul><ul><li>New Players </li></ul><ul><li>Moving into uncontested area </li></ul><ul><li>Element of surprise </li></ul><ul><li>Offensive </li></ul><ul><li>No 2 or No 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding leader’s strengths </li></ul><ul><li>Attacking leader’s weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>Defensive </li></ul><ul><li>Market Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Attacking themselves with new ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Blocking competitive moves </li></ul>The Strategy Square
    24. 24. Growth Vector Analysis <ul><li>Growth Vector Analysis (GVA) reviews the different product alternatives available to the firm in relation to its market options, not already being pursued by competitors. Four complimentary characteristics are used for defining common threads of strategy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Product-Market Scope specifies particular industries to which a firm confines its position. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth Vector indicates the direction a firm is moving relative to current product-market posture (market penetration, market development, product development and diversification). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competitive Advantage defined as particular properties of individual product markets conveying a strong market position. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synergy is the combined effect on the firm’s resources that is greater than the sum of its parts. </li></ul></ul>  Present Products Improved Products New Products Existing Market Market Penetration Product Extension Product Development Expanded Market Market Extension Market Segmentation / Product Differentiation Product Development / Market Extension New Market Market Development Product/Service Extension & Market Development Diversification
    25. 25. Success Breeds Complacency <ul><li>“ It is a classic conundrum for business titans: How much money and attention should be focused on a new, but growing, operation that is far less profitable than the core business?” </li></ul><ul><li>- Prof. Clayton Christensen, The Innovator's Dilemma </li></ul>
    26. 26. Process of Predicting Industry Change Customer Needs Competitive Operational Posture Technology & Innovation
    27. 27. Consumers “Hire” Products to Do “Jobs” for Them Concentrate Less on What Customers “Want” and More on What Customers “Need” Mind of the Customer vs. Voice of the Customer
    28. 28. Disruptive Technology
    29. 29. Value Chain Evolution Theory Disruptive Business Models: Vertically Integrating VC to Improve What’s “Not Good Enough” in the company’s products and services judged by customers. Performance Defining Subsystems: Companies must control all those activities and combinations of activities in the value chain that drive the product performance characteristics that matter most to customers. Specialists will seek to control performance drivers based on differences in motivation and skills around a modular interface in the VC. (Sword & Shield)
    30. 30. RPV Theory: Building Capabilities Processes Ways to Turn Resources into Products/Services Hiring/Training Product Dev. Manufacturing Budgeting Research Values Prioritization Criteria for Decision-Making Cost Structure Income Statement Customer Demand Opp. Size Ethics Resources Assets the Firm can Buy or Sell, Build or Destroy People Technology Products Equipment Cash/Brand/Distr.
    31. 31. Disruptive Innovation Theory Sustaining Innovations Better Products Brought to Established Markets Low-End Disruptions Target Overshot Customers with a Lower Cost Business Model New-Market Disruption Compete Against Nonconsumption Difference Performance Measure Time Nonconsumers or Nonconsuming Contexts Performance
    32. 32. Consumer Demand & Signals of Change <ul><li>Non-Market Contexts: External Forces (Government, Economics, etc.) Increasing or Decreasing Barriers to Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Undershot Consumers: Opportunities for Up-Market Sustaining Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Overshot Consumers: Opportunities for Low-End Disruption, Shifting Profits by Specialist Displacements (Modularity) and the Emergence of Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Consumers: Opportunities for New Market Disruptive Growth </li></ul>Established Companies almost always Lose to Disruptive Innovators
    33. 33. Process of Predicting Industry Change Signals of Change Strategic Choices Influencing Success Likely Outcome of Competitive Battles
    34. 34. The CI Think Tank Model Tasking the Research & Analysis Bureau using by KITs & Scenarios to Deliver a Portfolio of End-User Applications
    35. 41. Process of Predicting Industry Change Breakout Discussions Customer Needs Operational Approach & Posture Technology & Innovation
    36. 42. Competitor Vignettes <ul><li>A.) Articulate Opposing Worldviews & their Impact on Resulting Competitor Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>B.) Describe Primary Forces to Consider Driving Competitor Decisions & Industry Change </li></ul><ul><li>C.) Develop Hypothetical & Factual Frameworks for Research Collection, Impact Analysis and Delivery of Findings and Recommendations </li></ul>
    37. 43. Competitor Vignettes <ul><li>Toyota vs. General Motors </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft vs. Google </li></ul><ul><li>Intel vs. AMD </li></ul><ul><li>Dell vs. HP </li></ul><ul><li>Wal-Mart vs. Target </li></ul>
    38. 44. Aurora 2007 Enterprise Competitive Intelligence Software Review Available for Download at www.ReconG2.com November 2006
    39. 45. Questions or Comments? <ul><li>www.AuroraWDC.com </li></ul>Arik R. Johnson Intelligence Development Institute [email_address] +01-715-720-1616 Derek L. Johnson Research & Analysis Bureau [email_address] +01-608-268-3470

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