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CI 2.0 - Competitive Innovation Intelligence


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Presentation to KMWorld 2006 Audience in San Jose California October 31 on How the Principles of Disruptive Innovation, Risk Management, Corporate Governance and Enterprise Collaboration are Driving the Incorporation of Blog, Wiki, Social Networking, Free-Tagging, Prediction Market and other Web 2.0 Features and Capabilities into Traditional Competitive Intelligence Software

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CI 2.0 - Competitive Innovation Intelligence

  1. 1. CI 2.0 – Competitive Innovation Intelligence Arik R. Johnson KMWorld 2006 Development & Leadership Institute San Jose, California USA CEO & Managing Director, Aurora WDC Conference Session [email_address] Tuesday 31 October 2006
  2. 2. Defining Objectives for Today <ul><li>Understand how CI has evolved over the past 25 years to become more and more “bottom-up”, driven by Disruptive Innovation dynamics and less by executive management decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn how the “Duality of CI” drives selection and implementation decisions to incorporate “Web 2.0” software to support CI as processes have become more distributed. </li></ul><ul><li>Meet a sample range of Software Vendors who have Developed the best of these Applications and Learn about their Comparative Strengths. </li></ul>
  3. 3. CI is About Better Decision-Making <ul><li>Strategic Decisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What Business are We in and Where are New Opportunities for Growth? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operational Decisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do we structure those business units to most effectively compete for and win Market Share? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tactical Decisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which customers are available to us and how can we convince them to select us over any and all functional equivalents? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Three CI Trends – “CMOR” <ul><li>Collaborative Market Outlook Reconnaissance (CMOR) </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational Acculturation – Everyone in the Firm is a Virtual Member of the CI Team </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate Governance – Board-level Priority for Ensuring Reliability of the Earnings Forecast </li></ul><ul><li>Disruptive Innovation – Predicting Outcome of Competitive Battles based on Product Strategy & Predictable Dynamics </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Competitive Intelligence <ul><li>As much about substitutes, emerging new entrants, changing technologies and business models to address needs of customers, as it is about competitors. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand unarticulated customer needs today and align assets & innovations for success tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk & Reward – risk to the current status quo or goals vector plus reward in addressing new market objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>CI is about Sensing, Interpreting & Acting to Mitigate Threats & Exploit Opportunities in 3 Contexts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategy – existential mission and competency applicability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operations – performance alignment of assets and interface to industry/market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactics – engagement with customers vis-à-vis equivalents </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Typical Climate of CI Initiative <ul><li>Crisis response in reaction to market surprise – arising from a new competitor, regulatory environment, business model shift, customer/vendor backward/forward integration. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding this climate requires discipline in contemplating strategic scenarios to drive key intelligence topics (KITs). </li></ul><ul><li>A simpler approach will be discussed here, but first, the “traditional approach”… </li></ul>
  7. 7. Traditional CI Follows a Disciplined Process for Information Collection and Analysis Deliver, Inform & Recommend Planning & Direction Secondary Research Analysis & Production Primary Research Tactical Users & Strategic Decision Makers Needs The Traditional CI Cycle
  8. 8. Research Collection Sources <ul><li>Where does the information come from? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We may share customers, prospects and suppliers who can be interviewed. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Every company has knowledgeable employees with loose lips. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Companies release information for promotional, image and regulatory purposes. </li></ul></ul></ul>No Company Operates in Isolation Information is exchanged everywhere money is exchanged.
  9. 9. Analysis is Key The Difference Between Data and Intelligence “ The competitor would make a good acquisition candidate. Its lean & mean structure would fit well with our current operations.” Intelligence: The insight that will allow you to make an informed decision “ After gathering more operational information and running a side-by-side profit & loss analysis, it appears the competitor has become highly efficient. It exceeds industry standards and has become a best-in-class facility.” Analysis: Distilled information “ Based on the D&B and the salesperson’s report, it appears the competitor has lost business.” Information: A pooling of these bits of facts, observations and rumors 2001: “The D&B report told us that the competitors plant had 100 employees.” 2004: “One of our salespeople just passed by the competitor’s plant and spotted only 30 cars in the lot.” Data: Scattered bits and pieces of facts, observations and rumors
  10. 10. Two Fundamental Competitive Analysis Model Examples SWOT Analysis Core Competence
  11. 11. Key Intelligence Topics (KITs) <ul><li>Process of Interactive Dialog with Decision-Makers through KIT Interviews; Consists of 3 Protocols w/Subtle Differences: </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic Decisions/Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Key Marketplace Players </li></ul><ul><li>Early-Warning Topics </li></ul>
  12. 12. KITs – Strategic Issues <ul><ul><li>Strategic Investment Decisions: Identify and assess changes in the competitive environment, possible future investments, including alliances, acquisitions, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should we expand our current production capacity or build new capacity with a more cost-effective manufacturing process? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What plans and actions must we take to maintain (our) technological competitiveness as compared with competitive alternatives? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Product Development and New Market Launch: Assessment of leading competitors and the status of competing technologies.How and when will the competitors respond and how could they affect our plans? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales & Marketing Strategy as Positioning in the industry. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection of IP and proprietary information and technology: Competitors efforts to acquire or undermine it, and are there others interested in it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide advice for developing the company’s ongoing strategic plan by assessing the role of risks and opportunities in achieving our business goals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Globalization & Outsourcing in the Industry: How/with whom should we proceed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Market Development: Assess the current competitive situation and describe the most likely future situational scenarios. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. KITs – Key Players <ul><ul><li>Context-specific Company & Market Profile Assessments of our competitors, including strategic plans, competitive strategies, financial & market performance, organization & key personnel, R&D, operations, sales & marketing, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify Emerging Competitors, particularly those coming from different industries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe & Assess Current & Future Competitive Environment, including: customers and competitors; markets and suppliers; production and product technologies; political and environmental; and the industry’s structure, including changes and trends. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Customers, their changing needs and future interests: What are they and how are our competitors trying to satisfy them? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify and assess new industry/market players, including: suppliers, distributors, customers and/or competitors, that are considering entry into our business. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Technology Development: Who are they and what are their plans and strategies for competing in our industry? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketshare and Historical Growth Data, including that of our competitors for comparison. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management support for regulatory and environmental activities for decision making. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry, financial & customer community views, attitudes and perceptions regarding the Positioning or Value of our brand, products and services. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceptions by Financial & Investment Community of our Business & Industry </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. KITs – Early Warning <ul><ul><li>Potential Areas for Disruptive Technological Breakthrough that could dramatically affect our current and future competitiveness, positively or negatively. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological Process Developments affecting either production capabilities, costs or product development, and their uses by competitors and others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance of Key Suppliers - financial health, cost & quality issues, potential acquisition or alliances. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential for Disruption in Supply Chain and Change in Industry Procurement Practices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change in Customer & Competitors Perceptions of our company, products and services. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies and/or Combinations of Companies, considering possible entry into our business or markets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in international political, social, economic, environmental or regulatory situations that could effect our competitiveness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulatory Issues: near-term changes and deviations in long-term trends; legislative changes that could impact current regulatory status quo. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence on Alliances, Acquisitions, and Divestitures among our Competitors, Customers and Suppliers: Understanding the forces causing them and purposes of each deal. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Tactical CI Project Example: Cost Analysis
  16. 16. Level of CI Involvement in M&A Stage ID Evaluate Due Consum- Criteria Targets Analyze Diligence Recommend Negotiation mation Integration Level of CI Involvement High Low Intelligence Research Business Units Finance Technical Assessment Legal Executives M&A Specialists Transition Team Logistics HR
  17. 17. Seven Steps to Effective Competitive Benchmarking <ul><li>Determine functional areas within your operation to be benchmarked . This is likely to be those areas that will benefit most from the benchmarking process, based upon the cost, importance and potential of changes following the study. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the key factors and variables with which to measure those functions. Two general forms – wherewithal/resources and goals/strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>Select the best-in-class companies for each area to be benchmarked -- those companies that perform each function at the lowest cost, with the highest degree of customer satisfaction, etc. The companies you select will be those that do whatever you’re measuring better than you do and/or are ones you wish to emulate or copy. </li></ul><ul><li>Measure performance of the comparison companies for each benchmark being considered. </li></ul><ul><li>Measure your own performance for each variable and begin comparing the results in an &quot;apples-to-apples&quot; format to determine the gap between your firm and the best-in-class examples. </li></ul><ul><li>Specify programs and actions to meet and surpass the competition based on a plan developed to enhance those areas that show potential for compliment. </li></ul><ul><li>Implement your improvement program by setting specific improvement targets and deadlines, and by developing a monitoring process to review and update the analysis over time. This will also form the basis for ongoing monitoring, revision and recalibration of measurements in future benchmarking studies. </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Ideal Analyst = Investigative Journalist <ul><li>e.g. Maria Bartiromo (CNBC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Argument/Idea Evangelist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurial Passion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quick Study with Intense Curiosity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instinctive but Empirical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project/Deadline Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarian/Information Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard-Core Interviewer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pattern Recognizant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Communicator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persuasive Position Advocate </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Different Missions, Different Approaches Specialist Slower Production Less Output, More Analytical Agenda Driven by Contact Network Lots of Subject Matter Knowledge Seeks Explanation of the Subject Investigative Very Slow, Curious, Historical Little Output, Highly Analytical Questions Official Positions, Listens to Nonspokesmen Operates Outside Routine Agenda of the Publisher Generalist In a Hurry Lots of Output, Less Analytical Agenda Driven by the Publisher Little Knowledge of Subject Matter Seeks Volume of Public Interest
  20. 20. The Insight Method <ul><li>Take Nothing at Face Value </li></ul><ul><li>Get to the Facts at the Heart of an Issue </li></ul><ul><li>Explain Difficult Concepts, Don’t Write Around It </li></ul><ul><li>Speak to As Many Relevant People as Possible </li></ul><ul><li>Use Simple, Obvious Questions to Open Subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Echo Main Source, Find Other Views </li></ul><ul><li>Every Company, Person & Issue Has a History that Drives Behavior Today </li></ul><ul><li>Sunday Times </li></ul>
  21. 21. Porter’s Five Forces Model
  22. 22. Impacts on Planning & Execution Your Company’s Plans and Execution Vision and Grand Strategy Strategic Plans Market Success Operational Projects and Programs Tactical Execution Other (More-or-Less) “Uncontrollables” Competitors’ Plans and Actions New Forms of Competition X Y Z P Q R A B C Indirect Competitors Direct Competitors Government and Regulatory The Economy Technology Market Trends Industry Rationalization Other Unknowns
  23. 23. “ Strategic Intelligence” <ul><li>Principles of Defensive Warfare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only the market leader should consider playing defense. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The best defensive strategy is the courage to attack yourself. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong competitive moves should always be blocked. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Principles of Offensive Warfare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The main consideration is the strength of the leader's position. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find a weakness in the leader's strength and attack at that point. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Launch the attack on as narrow a front as possible. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Principles of Flanking Warfare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A good flanking move must be made into an uncontested area. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactical surprise ought to be an important element of the plan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The pursuit is just as critical as the attack itself. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Principles of Guerilla Warfare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find a segment of the market small enough to defend. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No matter how successful you become, never act like the leader. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be prepared to bug out at a moment's notice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-- Jack Trout </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Guerilla </li></ul><ul><li>Small Players </li></ul><ul><li>Finding market small enough to defend </li></ul><ul><li>Prepared to bug out at moment’s notice </li></ul><ul><li>Flanking </li></ul><ul><li>New Players </li></ul><ul><li>Moving into uncontested area </li></ul><ul><li>Element of surprise </li></ul><ul><li>Offensive </li></ul><ul><li>No 2 or No 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding leader’s strengths </li></ul><ul><li>Attacking leader’s weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>Defensive </li></ul><ul><li>Market Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Attacking themselves with new ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Blocking competitive moves </li></ul>The Strategy Square
  24. 24. Growth Vector Analysis <ul><li>Growth Vector Analysis (GVA) reviews the different product alternatives available to the firm in relation to its market options, not already being pursued by competitors. Four complimentary characteristics are used for defining common threads of strategy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Product-Market Scope specifies particular industries to which a firm confines its position. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth Vector indicates the direction a firm is moving relative to current product-market posture (market penetration, market development, product development and diversification). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competitive Advantage defined as particular properties of individual product markets conveying a strong market position. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synergy is the combined effect on the firm’s resources that is greater than the sum of its parts. </li></ul></ul>  Present Products Improved Products New Products Existing Market Market Penetration Product Extension Product Development Expanded Market Market Extension Market Segmentation / Product Differentiation Product Development / Market Extension New Market Market Development Product/Service Extension & Market Development Diversification
  25. 25. Competitors, Customers & Technologies Are Complex Interdependencies CI is about “Seeing Clearly” through Market Illusions
  26. 26. Success Breeds Complacency <ul><li>“ It is a classic conundrum for business titans: How much money and attention should be focused on a new, but growing, operation that is far less profitable than the core business?” </li></ul><ul><li>- Prof. Clayton Christensen, The Innovator's Dilemma </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Duality of Intelligence Both Decisive & Incisive Sensing Incisive Scanning for Trends, there is no “Decision” to be made Recognizing “Pattern Vectors” Framework for Interpretation Implications for the Reader Bottom-Up Driven by Trends Outcome is Observation Hypothetical Decisive Frame of Reference is the Decision, Less Trend-Dependent Framework for Analysis Compares Options & Outcomes Recommendations and Trust Top-Down Driven by Issues Decision & Action vs. ‘Nariyuki’ Factual
  28. 28. Consumers “Hire” Products to Do “Jobs” for Them Concentrate Less on What Customers “Want” and More on What Customers “Need”
  29. 29. Disruptive Technology
  30. 30. Value Chain Evolution Theory <ul><li>Disruptive Business Models: Vertically Integrating VC to Improve What’s “Not Good Enough” in the company’s products and services judged by customers. </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Defining Subsystems: Companies must control all those activities and combinations of activities in the value chain that drive the product performance characteristics that matter most to customers. </li></ul><ul><li>Specialists will seek to control performance drivers based on differences in motivation and skills around a modular interface in the VC. (Sword & Shield) </li></ul>
  31. 31. RPV Theory: Building Capabilities Processes Ways to Turn Resources into Products/Services Hiring/Training Product Dev. Manufacturing Budgeting Research Values Prioritization Criteria for Decision-Making Cost Structure Income Statement Customer Demand Opp. Size Ethics Resources Assets the Firm can Buy or Sell, Build or Destroy People Technology Products Equipment Cash/Brand/Distr.
  32. 32. Disruptive Innovation Theory Sustaining Innovations Better Products Brought to Established Markets Low-End Disruptions Target Overshot Customers with a Lower Cost Business Model New-Market Disruption Compete Against Nonconsumption Difference Performance Measure Time Nonconsumers or Nonconsuming Contexts Performance
  33. 33. Consumer Demand & Signals of Change <ul><li>Non-Market Contexts: External Forces (Government, Economics, etc.) Increasing or Decreasing Barriers to Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Undershot Consumers: Opportunities for Up-Market Sustaining Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Overshot Consumers: Opportunities for Low-End Disruption, Shifting Profits by Specialist Displacements (Modularity) and the Emergence of Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Consumers: Opportunities for New Market Disruptive Growth </li></ul>Established Companies almost always Lose to Disruptive Innovators
  34. 34. Process of Predicting Industry Change Signals of Change Strategic Choices Influencing Success Likely Outcome of Competitive Battles
  35. 35. The CI Think Tank Model Tasking the Research & Analysis Bureau using by KITs & Scenarios to Deliver a Portfolio of End-User Applications
  36. 36. The 2007 Aurora Enterprise CI Software Review Why a CI Software Review? (CI is not possible without it!) The Requirements of Automation: Discovery, Collaboration & Synthesis, Reporting 2007 Review vs. 2004 Approach: Discover Core Competency 12 Application/Vendors Nominated by Actual Users (6-D/6-I) 10 Selected (6-D/4-I) + Dozens of “Honorable Mentions” Comprehensive Demonstrations + Questionnaires … on to the Vendors …
  37. 37. 10 Software Application Vendors
  38. 38. Key Trends Observed <ul><li>CI Software has Acquiesced to being less Packaged Application than Software Development Kit – a Platform for Customization to Accelerate Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of Strategies for Routing Around the IT Department Bottlenecks has led to the Rise of Hosted Options by Many Vendors, some Exclusively, Instead of Solutions Installed Behind Firewall </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse & Sophisticated “Application Poly-Culture” Emerging with “Mashups” to Enable Bolt-on Functionality </li></ul>
  39. 39. Making Unstructured Data Easy to Understand Quickly
  40. 40. Acuity
  41. 41. Transforming Key Intelligence Topics into Decision Support
  42. 42. Cipher
  43. 43. Networked Collaborative Document Management for Strategic Early Warning
  44. 44. Coemergence
  45. 45. Disciplined Structure for Processing, Storage, Collaboration
  46. 46. Comintell
  47. 47. Filtered Tracking, Validated CI Management & Fast Publishing
  48. 48. Digimind
  49. 49. Structured Filtering, Key Topic Monitoring, Routine Automation
  50. 50. Novintel
  51. 51. Forms Driven Data Extraction from the World Wide Web
  52. 52. QL2
  53. 53. Agile Automation of Competitor Profiling, Monitoring & Action
  54. 54. Strategy
  55. 55. Communicating & Connecting Text Flexibly & Intuitively
  56. 56. Traction
  57. 57. Sophisticated Simplicity, Densely Analytical + Simple UI
  58. 58. Wincite
  59. 59. Aurora 2007 Enterprise Competitive Intelligence Software Review Available for Download at November 2006
  60. 60. Questions or Comments? <ul><li> </li></ul>Arik R. Johnson Intelligence Development Institute [email_address] +01-715-720-1616 Derek L. Johnson Research & Analysis Bureau [email_address] +01-608-268-3470