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It is one of the tools which can be used
for evaluation of the students .Written
responses of the students are evaluated
in this type of evaluation. In written
examination different types of questions
MERITS OF WRITTEN
Essays type, short answers type and
objective type questions are included.
Inclusion of objective type questions
increases the objectivity of a test.
It can be administered on mass scale.
It promotes to ideas and thoughts of the
It evaluates the skill of writing and
LIMITATIONS OF THE
WRITTEN EXAMINATIONS -
It evaluates cognitive domain only.
Interest and attitudes are not evaluated.
Students become only exam centered.
Objective type examinations are not
useful to test ideas and thinking
strategies of the student.
The examinations in which , chance to
organize the ideas is given to the
students and the answers are essay
type i.e. descriptive, are called essay
Substitute the ability to organize ideas,
interpret, criticize and express.
It develops better study habits among the
It evaluates the logical thinking of the
It evaluates the creativity of the students.
It gives freedom to respond.
Adaptability to all subjects.
1. All topics of the syllabus are not
2. Sometimes subjectivity may occurs.
3. Contaminated by spelling, handwriting
4. Impact of Hallo effect.
Reliability of a essay type examination depends
1.Impact of length of answer.
2.Mood of the teacher.
4.During evaluation, comparison of two students
impacts on the scoring of the follower.
5.The difficulty level of optional questions may
not be same which affects the reliability.
Sometimes, the test does not
discriminate the questions means low
IMPROVING THE ESSAY
1.IMPROVE THE DESIGN OF THE QUESTION
Consider the objectives of the topic while preparing the
The test should be designed as per the blueprint.
The selected questions should be edited by the expert
w.r.t. length, construction, scope and language.
The instructions to the students should be given
Maintain the equal difficulty level of the approved optional
Prepare the questions to cover the whole syllabus.
Give orientation to the student to write the answers
IMPROVING THE ESSAY
IMPROVE THE EVALUATION METHOD
Evaluation should be done according to the
answer key and marking scheme.
Avoid the subjectivity and Hallo Effect during
Follow the objective evaluation.
Correct only one question of all the student at
the same time, this may improve the
Follow all the norms and ethics of the