Sacraments and Sacramentals


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Sacraments and Sacramentals

I. What is a Sacrament
a. According to St. Aquinas
b. A sensible sign
c. Instituted by Christ
d. To give grace.
II. Divisions of the Sacrament
III. Jesus as the Primordial Sacrament
IV. What does the sacrament do.
V. Sacramentals

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Sacraments and Sacramentals

  1. 1. „the word became flesh and lived among us‟ aqf
  2. 2. What is a Sacrament? Mystery is the term St. Paul used when he referred to God‟s hidden plan of always wanting to save, renew, and unite all things in Christ. Sacrament is from the Greek word, “mysterion” ( mystery) that means “sacramentum” when translated into the Latin bible that means „something hidden or secret‟.
  3. 3. What is a Sacrament? According to St. Augustine: “an outward and visible sign of an inward and invisible grace” a. sacramentum tantum or the sign itself – concrete like bread and wine and the words of consecration in the eucharist, or water in baptism b. res et sacramentum or what it signifies – literally the „thing‟ or the reality –and the sign; signified in the eucharist is the real presence of Christ; what is signified in baptism is the baptismal seal or character, that indelible mark of God. c. res tantum or the reality alone – This is the spiritual effect, grace. In the eucharist this is God‟s grace and further incorporation into the Body of Christ. Just as one loaf is made of many grains so we, the many, gathered at the eucharist become one body in Christ. In baptism the spiritual effect is forgiveness of sins and entry into the Body of Christ.
  4. 4. St. Thomas Aquinas define that sacrament was an efficacious symbol. A sacrament though, is a special sign that brings about what it symbolizes and symbolizes what it brings about. Sacraments are efficacious sign of grace, originating in Christ and confided to his Church, by which the divine life of grace is instilled or deepened within us.
  5. 5. 1. ‘A Sensible Sign’ Sacraments, particularly, depend on signs and symbols which signify a sacred reality. The seven sacraments are the signs and instruments by which the Holy Spirit spreads the grace of Christ the head throughout the Church which is his Body. The Church, then, both contains and communicates the invisible grace she signifies. It is in this analogical sense, that the Church is called a "sacrament."
  6. 6. 2. ‘Instituted by Christ’ Jesus in his humanity is the sacrament of God’s saving love for all; the Church is the sacrament of Jesus, and the seven ritual sacraments are the sacraments of the church. If we understand Christ as the first and most important sacrament, then we recognize that the sacraments are always actions of Christ. They are rooted in experiences in the New Testament where Christ uses specific symbolic actions (words, gestures, signs) as visible signs of the life he brings.
  7. 7. 3. ‘To give grace’ The church has always taught that the sacraments give grace ‘ex opere operato’. This means that any lack of holiness or the part of the minister does not prevent grace from being offered. The effect of the sacraments is two-fold: 1. To draw us into a closer relationship to the church. 2. To draw us into a closer relationship to Christ himself, in the Spirit and to the Father.
  8. 8. Divisions of the 7 Sacraments 1. The Sacraments of Initiation (Baptism, Confirmation & Eucharist) 2. The Sacraments of Healing (Reconciliation & Anointing of the Sick) 3. The Sacraments of Service (Holy Orders & Matrimony)
  9. 9. Jesus as the first & most important sacrament. Jesus was baptized with water in the Jordan and the Holy Spirit descended upon him. Mk 1:9-10 Jesus' first miracle was to turn water into wine. Jn 2:1-11 Jesus multiplied bread and fish to feed the crowd. Mk 6:41-44 Jesus touched people to heal them. Mk 6:41-44 Jesus used his spittle to cure a blind man. Mk 8:23 Jesus breathed on his apostles to give them the Holy Spirit. Jn 20:22 Jesus gave his apostles his own body and blood in the form of bread and wine. Mk 14:22-23 The sacraments are always actions of Christ because they make Christ present, in his dying and rising. They are always actions of Christ because they are celebrated by the body of Christ, the Church.
  10. 10. What does the sacrament do? 1. They celebrate the Paschal Mystery. Each sacrament recalls the saving deeds of Jesus. In this way sacraments keep us in touch with our Christian heritage. 2. It demonstrate in the present that Jesus Christ lives. The sacraments bring about an actual meeting with Jesus through signs. 3. It prefigures our glorious future with Christ a the end of time. This point to this day in the future and because of the power of Jesus and Spirit they help accomplish the union.
  11. 11. Purpose of the sacraments:  To sanctify men and women, To build up the Body of Christ, and To give worship to God. Sacrament for short is “a saving symbolic act or a visible sign, arising from the ministry of Christ and continued in, by and for the Church, which when received in faith, fashions us into likeness to Christ in his Paschal Mystery, through the power of the Holy Spirit.”
  12. 12. “The other matters, I shall arranged when I come.” (1 Cor. 11: 34)
  13. 13. Definition: Sacramentals are sacred signs instituted by the Church. They prepare men to receive the fruit of the sacraments and sanctify different circumstances of life. "Holy Mother Church has, moreover, instituted sacramentals. These are sacred signs which bear a resemblance to the sacraments. They signify effects, particularly of a spiritual nature, which are obtained through the intercession of the Church. By them men are disposed to receive the chief effect of the sacraments, and
  14. 14. Examples: • • • • • • • • • • • • • Ashes Candles Incents Sign of the Cross Veil Wedding Rings Church Bells Altar Rosary Processions Holy Water Holy Bible Statues