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El proveïment d’aigua

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El proveïment d’aigua

  1. 1. El proveïmentd’aiguailes vies de comunicació<br />Ariadna Castellarnau<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>El proveïment d’aigua.</li></ul> . Els aqüeductes.<br /> . Les canonades i el clavegueram.<br />- Les vies de comunicació.<br /> . La creació d’una via.<br /> . Les mansiones.<br /> . Els ponts.<br />ÍNDEX<br />
  3. 3. El proveïment d’aigua<br /> Els romans, s’ocuparen de l’emmagatzematge i distribució de l’aigua, ja que era necessaria íen puper a moltes cosas com ara: CONSUM DOMÉSTIC, TERMES, TALLERS …<br /> Per conseguir aigua mes facilment, els romans solien construir les ciutats prop d’un riu.<br /> També n’aconseguien a partir de: - pous.<br /> - cisternes.<br /> Els pobles i ciutats que no tenian prou recursos aqüífers van tenir que innovar fent aqüeductes.<br />
  4. 4. Els aqüeductes.<br /> Prenien l’aigua que una cisterna o un petit embassament recollien de la font.<br /> Tenien per tant una inclinació i havia de preveure els obstacles per aconseguir que l’aigua arribés.<br /> La canal estaba coberta, era de pedra, de dos metres d’alçada x un d’amplada i quan arribaven a la ciutat entrava per sobre d’unes arcades que sostenien la canal. <br /> Un cop havia entrat a la ciutat, arribava a la torre d’aigua desde on era distribuïda:<br /> 1. fonts públiques<br /> 2. termes públiques<br /> 3. cases privades <br />
  5. 5. Les canonades i el clavegueram<br /><ul><li>LES CANONADES:</li></ul> Eren les que sortien de la torre d’aigua, eren de plom o de terrissa. També n’hi havia en cases amb aigua corrent, que disposaven d’aixetes al tenir un consum corrent.<br /><ul><li>EL CLAVEGUERAM:</li></ul> N’hi havia de dos tipus: <br /> 1. els subterranis coberts de grans dimensions.<br /> 2. els petits reguerols que passaven pel carrer, tapats amb lloses.<br /> Recollia aigua de la pluja, residus de cases, termes i anaven a un riu o al mar<br />
  6. 6. Les vies de comunicació<br /> Els romans van ser el primers en planificar vies de comunicació, amb l’objectiu de que l’exércit es pogués moure amb mes llibertat i de que hi hagués mes comunicació entre pobles. La xarxa viària abarcava 85.000 km, bona part a la península Ibérica. La mes important anava desde els Pirineus fins a Cadis, promoguda per August.<br /> Hi havia diferents vies:<br /> . VIA <br /> . ACTUS<br /> . ITER<br />
  7. 7. Creació d’una via<br />Les vies eren creades per l’exèrcit.<br /> Per a construirles seguien aquests pasos:<br /> 1. traçar el recorregut i excavar dos forats amb pedres per marcar l’amplada.<br /> 2. feien un canal profund entre les dues fileres de pedra i hi posen pedres petites.<br /> 3. posen sorra/grava barrejada amb mortes.<br /> 4. recobrien amb pedres premsades o amb lloses de pedres.<br /> En algunes vies hi havia unes pedres, els mil.liaris.<br /> Es col.locaven cada mil pasos i indicava la <br /> distáncia recorreguda.<br />
  8. 8. Les mansiones<br />Les mansiones eren com els hostals actualment. <br />Eren estacions de descans posades cada 30 o 50 km.<br />Tenian un alberc per al sopar i llits per dormir, estables per als caballs, un herrer i un encarregat <br />del manteniment del vehicles.<br />Els albercs però, tenien mala reputació i molts viatjers preferien dormir als voltants, a les <br />vivendes públiques dels rics o practicar l’hospitalitat.<br />
  9. 9. Els ponts.<br />Els ponts romans eren de gran bellesa, <br />amb grans arcs de pedra assentats sobre <br />uns pilars de fonament i reforçats. <br />Sobre les arcades hi havia la via de circulació.<br />Per a que la erosió del aigua no fos tan violenta,<br /> alguns ponts no tenian els pilars cuadrats sinó <br />que eren en forma de fletxa.<br />

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