How does it relate to othertheories and approaches? Emphasizes the importance of meaning and meaning making in teaching and learning. Is designed to help children and adults learn a second language in the same way that children learn their first language. It is seen as an approach based on the principle that it uses the4 main skills.
Approach: theory of languageand of learning. Language is a vehicle for human communication in which there is a relationship between readers and writers. Real Authenticity situations Social practice
It is authentic. Personalized Self-directed Collaborative PluralisticKNOWLEDGE IS SOCIALY CONSTRUCTED, RATHER THAN RECEIVED OR DISCOVERED.Teacher collaborates to create knowledge using students’ experience, needs, interests, and aspirations.
Teacher’s role: Facilitator and active participant in the learning community. Looks for the occurrence of teachable moments. (no preplanned lesson plan or script) Negociates a plan of work with the learners.
Student’s role: Is a collaborator Evaluator His learning experiences are used as resources for learning. Selectors of learning materials and activities.(real world materials)
How would you use it?Features: Literature Process of writing Encouragement of cooperative learning among ss. Concern for ss’ attitude.Activities: Individual and small group reading and writing. Ungraded dialogue journals Writing portfolios Writing conferences Student-made books Story writing (not based on a topic)
Advantages: Activities are meaningful. Facilitates the development of all aspects of a sencond language.
Critics: Anti-direct teaching Anti-skills Anti-materials.(authentic text aresufficient ot supportsecondlanguage teaching)