English 99  Introduction to Paper    Structure and the     Writing Process
• What is the subject of your paper?     Topic         • Make sure your topic matches what is being asked of you in your  ...
Journalistic Questions• Who, What, Where, Why & When?Cluster Maps, Mind Map, Web• Visual organization of your ideas. Looks...
• Please watch this planning video, which is a  quick reminder of how you take a very  basic idea and start brainstorming:...
• Organizing your prewriting/planning into aOrganizing     structure that makes sense for your assignment.   Thesis    • W...
• Arrange your             prewriting into mainOrganizing ideas and sub-ideas           • Use a graphic organizer         ...
• The answer to the question you have              posed            • The resolution of a problem you have  Thesis      id...
• A mini thesis statement              for each of your  Topic       support paragraphs.Sentences   • Each topic sentence ...
• Each topic sentence must be “backed up” with            clear support.          • Support includes:          • Reasons y...
• Please watch these two videos!• The first goes through the parts of a basic  paper, showing you exactly what you will  b...
A topic sentence is a mini thesis that  explains that category you’ll be discussing  in the paragraph.Thesis statement:The...
Thesis statement:The lifestyles of barn owls include hunting for insects and  animals, building nests, and raising their y...
Thesis statement:The lifestyles of barn owls include hunting for insects and  animals, building nests, and raising their y...
Thesis statement:The lifestyles of barn owls include hunting for insects  and animals, building nests, and raising their y...
Thesis statement:The lifestyles of barn owls include hunting for insects and  animals, building nests, and raising their y...
Get toOrganizing!
Organzing your information   tuesday
Organzing your information   tuesday
Organzing your information   tuesday
Organzing your information   tuesday
Organzing your information   tuesday
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Organzing your information tuesday

  1. 1. English 99 Introduction to Paper Structure and the Writing Process
  2. 2. • What is the subject of your paper? Topic • Make sure your topic matches what is being asked of you in your assignment. • Who are you writing for? Audience • Different audiences can change the way you need to convey your information to your readers. • Why are you writing? To inform your readers? Persuade them? Purpose Call them to action? A combination of these things? • What is the main idea of your paper, and how will you convey thatThesis Statement clearly and concisely to your specific audience? • What will you use to support or prove your thesis statement is Support logical and correct?
  3. 3. Journalistic Questions• Who, What, Where, Why & When?Cluster Maps, Mind Map, Web• Visual organization of your ideas. Looks like a web!Freewriting• Dumping all of your scattered thoughts onto a page, just to get them out there.List• A numbered or bulleted list of all the points or ideas you have knocking around in your head.Venn Diagram• Visual representation of the similarities and differences between two or more ideas or concepts.
  4. 4. • Please watch this planning video, which is a quick reminder of how you take a very basic idea and start brainstorming: Planning your paper
  5. 5. • Organizing your prewriting/planning into aOrganizing structure that makes sense for your assignment. Thesis • What is the main idea of your paper, and how will you convey that clearly and concisely to yourStatements specific audience? Topic • What is the main idea of this paragraph or section of thought?Sentences • What will you use to support or prove your thesis Support statement is logical and correct?
  6. 6. • Arrange your prewriting into mainOrganizing ideas and sub-ideas • Use a graphic organizer • Develop into an outline
  7. 7. • The answer to the question you have posed • The resolution of a problem you have Thesis identified • A statement that takes a position on aStatement debatable topic • Your first draft of a thesis is known as a “working thesis” – it is a very general idea and will probably be revised later.
  8. 8. • A mini thesis statement for each of your Topic support paragraphs.Sentences • Each topic sentence must be a sub-idea of your thesis statement.
  9. 9. • Each topic sentence must be “backed up” with clear support. • Support includes: • Reasons your topic sentence is correct; • Examples that show your topic sentence is correctSupport • Names of authorities on the subject who back up your topic sentence • Numbers (statistics, etc) that prove your topic sentence is correct • Sensory details that show your topic sentence has an impact
  10. 10. • Please watch these two videos!• The first goes through the parts of a basic paper, showing you exactly what you will be “building” when you organize your information: Parts of an Essay• The second video shows you how to take your prewriting from the planning stages to a structured paper with a thesis, topic sentences and basic support:Organizing your Information
  11. 11. A topic sentence is a mini thesis that explains that category you’ll be discussing in the paragraph.Thesis statement:The lifestyles of barn owls include hunting for insects and animals, building nests, and raising their young.Sub-topics:Hunting for insects and animals, building nests, and raising their young.
  12. 12. Thesis statement:The lifestyles of barn owls include hunting for insects and animals, building nests, and raising their young.Topic Sentence #1: Hunting for food is only one of the many activities a barn owl undertakes on a daily basis.Topic Sentence #2: In addition to hunting, barn owls also spend much time building a sturdy, secure nest.Topic Sentence #3: Building a nest is often in preparation for the arrival of a barn owl’s young, which is the main focus of life until the young leave the nest.
  13. 13. Thesis statement:The lifestyles of barn owls include hunting for insects and animals, building nests, and raising their young.Topic Sentence #1: Hunting for food is only one of the many activities a barn owl undertakes on a daily basis.Topic Sentence #2: In addition to hunting, barn owls also spend much time building a sturdy, secure nest.Topic Sentence #3: Building a nest is often in preparation for the arrival of a barn owl’s young, which is the main focus of life until the young leave the nest.
  14. 14. Thesis statement:The lifestyles of barn owls include hunting for insects and animals, building nests, and raising their young.Topic Sentence #1: Hunting for food is only one of the many activities a barn owl undertakes on a daily basis.Support:• A barn owl spends 60% of its waking hours hunting for food (Numbers)• Because a barn owl eats at least 30% of its body weight each day, they have to hunt for extended periods of time. (Reason)
  15. 15. Thesis statement:The lifestyles of barn owls include hunting for insects and animals, building nests, and raising their young.Topic Sentence #2: In addition to hunting, barn owls also spend much time building a sturdy, secure nest.Topic Sentence #3: Building a nest is often in preparation for the arrival of a barn owl’s young, which is the main focus of life until the young leave the nest.
  16. 16. Get toOrganizing!

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