ORGANISINGLouis A Allen, “ Organisation is a mechanism orstructure that enables living things to workeffectively together. The evolution of all forms of lifeand of human society demonstrates the need fororganisation.Koontz and O’Donnell, “ Organisation is theestablishment of authority and relationships withprovision for coordination between them, bothvertically and horizontally in the enterprisestructure.”
Organisation is concerned with :(a) The Attainment of Objectives by grouping the activities.(b) Dividing these activities into different departments, divisions, sections and between individuals.(c) Providing authority, delegation, coordination and communication.(d) Providing physical facilities,Buildings, equipment etc.(e) Establishing clear structuralRelationships among individualsand groups.
PRINCIPLES OF ORGANISATION1. UNITY OF OBJECTIVES 9. UNITY OF COMMAND2. EFFICIENCY 10. DELEGATION3. SPAN OF CONTROL 11.RESPONSIBILITY4. DIVISION OF WORK 12.BALANCE 13.COMMUNICATION5. FUNCTIONAL DEFINITION 14. PERSONAL ABILITY 15. FLEXIBILITY6. COORDINATION 16. CONTINUITY7. SCALAR PRINCIPLE 17.EXCEPTION PRINCIPLE8. UNITY OF DIRECTION