3rd session reading strategies

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3rd session reading strategies

  1. 1. A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br />ARGEMIRO AMAYA BUELVAS<br />Especialista en ELT<br />C. Magister in Education<br />
  2. 2. A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br />Chapter Three<br />REASEARCH INTO THE ASSESSMENT OF READING<br /> Alderson, J.C. (2000) Assessing reading. (pp. 85-115). C.U.P.<br />
  3. 3. A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br />Chapter Three<br />This chapter will address the question: How do we know what affects the assessment of reading?<br />
  4. 4. A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br />Reading comprehensioninvolvedmultiplecomponentsthatwouldappeardependingon:<br />Theformatsusedtopresentthe material toberead<br />Themanner in whichthepersonwasaskedtoindicatetheirunderstanding of the material thatwasread. <br />Pearsonand Hamm (2005)<br />
  5. 5. A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br />Research into the assessment of reading.<br />FACTORS AFFECTING THE DIFFICULTY OF READING TEST ITEMS<br /><ul><li> Language of questions
  6. 6. Types of Questions
  7. 7. Testing Skills
  8. 8. Role of Grammar in Reading Tests
  9. 9. Role of Vocabulary in Reading Tests
  10. 10. Use of Dictionaries in Reading Tests</li></ul>FACTORS AFFECTING THE DIFFICULTY OF READING TEST TEXTS<br /><ul><li> Background knowledge Vs Text Content
  11. 11. Text length</li></li></ul><li>A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br />“Answering a test question is likely to involve a variety of interrelated strategies [italics added] and skills, rather than one strategy or one [italics added] skill only or even mainly…it appears to be extremely difficult if not impossible to isolate them for the sake of testing or research” (p.49)<br />What is difficult?<br />Why is it difficult?<br />
  12. 12. A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br /><ul><li>“the reading [italics added] process is normally silent, internal, private”…in Smith’s (1971) terms, “what the Brain Tells the Eye is More Important than What the Eye Tells the Brain” (p.4) </li></ul>This could mean that:<br />a) There should be a way to make the brain reveal its internal process<br />b) Eyes can reveal the brain private process<br />c) Answers alone reveal the silent and internal process of the brain<br />
  13. 13. A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br />it appears to be extremely difficult if not impossible to isolate strategies and skills as well for the sake of testing or research and it seems to be due to the fact that the reading process is normally silent, internal, and private, though… <br />How can we feasibly isolate strategies and skills in order to turn this internal process into an external one?<br />
  14. 14. A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br />We can, to some extend, isolate strategies and skills as well for the sake of testing or research as a way to make evident the reading process which is normally silent, internal, and private through two protocols:<br />The writing down protocol<br />The speaking aloud protocol<br />
  15. 15. A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br />“Texts located in familiar settings, on everyday topics, are likely to be easier to process than those that are not” (p. 62)<br />“the most silent psychological benefit which is students attitude, interaction, interest and motivation”  as stated by (Burger, 1989; Ponder & Powell, 1989; Short, 1991a; Snow & Brinton, 1988; Snow, Met & Genesee, 1989). Pally, M. (1997). <br />
  16. 16. A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br />Textually Explicit Questions<br />Textually Implicit Questions<br />Script-based Questions<br />Pearson and Johnson (1978) cited in Alderson (2000, p.87)<br />TYPES OF QUESTIONS<br />
  17. 17. A MODELING OF READING STRATEGIES INTO THE READING PROCESS FROM A METACOGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE<br />TYPES OF QUESTIONS<br />What do you think textually explicit questions are about?<br />Textually Explicit Questions are those where both the question information and the correct answer are found in the same sentence.<br />What do you think textually implicit questions are about?<br />Textually Implicit Questions, on the other hand, require responders to combine information across sentences.<br />What do you think Scrip-based questions are about?<br />Scrip-based Questions requires readers to integrate text information with their background knowledge since correct responses to the questions cannot be found in the text itself.<br />
  18. 18. THANK YOU<br />

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