Tabaquismo en mexico

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consumidores de tabaco en mexico según la ong

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Tabaquismo en mexico

  1. 1. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2011 Country profile MexicoNote: Where no data were available, "…" shows in the table. Where data were not required, "–" shows in the table.WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) statusDate of signature 12 August 2003Date of ratification (or legal equivalent) 28 May 2004Socioeconomic contextPopulation (thousands) 110 645Income group Middle incomePrevalence of tobacco useTobacco use data as provided by the country from the latest survey result available to WHO as at1 November 2010 Any smoked tobacco CigarettesAdult prevalence, smoking (%)* Current Daily Current DailyMale 24.8 11.8 24.5 11.7Female 7.8 3.7 7.5 3.7Total 15.9 7.6 15.6 ...Adult prevalence, smokeless tobacco use (%)* Current users of smokeless tobaccoMale 0.3Female 0.3Total 0.3* Ages 15+, Global Adult Tobacco Survey, 2009"…" Data not reported/not available.WHO age-standardized estimated prevalence of smoking among those aged 15 years or more:Year 2009Adult prevalence, smoking (%) Any smoked tobacco Cigarettes Current Daily Current DailyMale 24 12 24 12Female 8 4 7 4Total 16 8 16 8
  2. 2. Country Profile: MexicoTobacco control measures and programmes as at 31 December 2010Smoke-free environments 2010 Public places with smoke-free legislation: * Separate designated smoking rooms are allowed by law if they meet specific technical requirements. Health-care facilities * Educational facilities except universities Yes Universities * Government facilities * Indoor offices * Restaurants * Pubs and bars * Public transport Yes All other public places NA Compliance score § 4 National law requires fines for smoking Yes Fines levied on the establishment Yes Fines levied on the smoker Yes Dedicated funds for enforcement Yes Citizen complaints and investigations Yes§ A score of 0—10, where 0 is low compliance.Subnational laws on smoke-free environmentsSubnational jurisdictions with complete smoke-free legislation in all assessed facilities.Incomplete legislation is not listed. Name of jurisdiction Population % of national population Federal District (Mexico City) 2 570 160 2% Tabasco 2 238 603 2% 2
  3. 3. Country Profile: MexicoTreatment of tobacco dependence 2010Is there a toll-free telephone quit line/help line with a live person available to Yesdiscuss cessation with callers in your country?Nicotine replacement Is this product legally sold in the country? Yestherapy (e.g., patch,gum, lozenge, spray or Where and how can this product be legally In a pharmacyinhaler) purchased in your country? without a prescription Does the national/federal health insurance or the No national health service cover the cost of this product? Is any NRT on the countrys essential drugs list? YesBupropion (e.g., Zyban, Is this product legally sold in your country? YesWellbutrin) Where and how can this product be legally In a pharmacy with purchased in your country? a prescription Does the national/federal health insurance or the No national health service cover the cost of this product?Varenicline Is this product legally sold in your country? Yes Where and how can this product be legally In a pharmacy with purchased in your country? a prescription Does the national/federal health insurance or the No national health service cover the cost of this product?Is smoking cessation Health clinics or other primary care facilities Yes in mostsupport available in the Hospitals Yes in somefollowing places in your Office of a health professional Yes in somecountry? In the community Yes in some Other Yes in someDoes the Health clinics or other primary care facilities Nonational/federal health Hospitals Noinsurance or the Office of a health professional Nonational health service In the community Partiallycover the cost of this Other Nosupport? 3
  4. 4. Country Profile: Mexico 2010 Smokeless CigarettesHealth warnings on tobacco packages tobaccoDoes the law mandate that health warnings appear on tobacco packages? YesWhat percentage of the principal display areas of the package is legally mandated to be 65 65covered by health warnings? FRONT AND REAR COMBINEDWhat percentage of the principal display areas of the FRONT of the package is legally 30 30mandated to be covered by health warnings?What percentage of the principal display areas of the REAR of the package is legally 100 100mandated to be covered by health warnings?Does the law mandate that the warning be placed at the top of the principle display areas Yes Yesof the package?Does the law mandate font style, font size and colour for package warnings? Yes YesAre the health warnings rotating on packages? Yes YesAre the health warnings on packages written in the principal language(s) of the country? Yes YesDoes the law require that health warnings on packages are not obscured in any way, Yes Yesincluding by required markings such as tax stamps?Do the health warnings on packages include a photograph or graphic? Yes YesDo health warnings appear on each package and any outside packaging and labelling used Yes Yesin the retail sale?Does the law on health warnings apply to products whether manufactured domestically, Yes Yesimported, AND for duty-free sale?Does the law state that warnings on packages do not remove or diminish the liability of the No Notobacco industry?Do health warnings on packages describe the harmful effects of tobacco use on health? Yes YesDoes the law mandate specific health warnings on cigarette packages? Yes YesHow many specific health warnings are approved by the law? 8 8Does the law require or establish fines for violations regarding health warnings on Yes Yespackages?Are there any laws requiring that cigarette packaging and labelling do not use misleading Yes Yesterms which imply the product is less harmful than other similar products, such as “lowtar”, “light”, “ultra-light”, or “mild”?Are there any laws requiring that cigarette packaging and labelling do not use figurative or Yes Yesother signs, including colours or numbers, as substitutes for prohibited misleading termsand descriptors?Are there any laws requiring that cigarette packaging and labelling do not use descriptors No Nodepicting flavours?Does the law ban the display of quantitative information on emission yields (such as tar, No Nonicotine and carbon monoxide) on cigarette packaging, including when used as part of abrand name or trademark?Does the law mandate the display of qualitative information on relevant constituents and Yes Yesemissions of tobacco products on cigarette packaging?Does the law mandate that this information is displayed on one or more of the principal Yes Yesdisplay areas (front, rear) of the package?Does the law prevent the display of expiry dates on cigarette packaging? No NoIs it mandatory for the quit line number to appear on packaging or labelling? Yes YesDoes the law mandate plain packaging (ie. prohibit the use of logos, colours, brand images No Noor promotional information on packaging other than brand names and product namesdisplayed in a standard colour and font style)? 4
  5. 5. Country Profile: MexicoBans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship 2010 Direct bans National TV and radio Yes International TV and radio No Local magazines and newspapers No International magazines and newspapers No Billboards and outdoor advertising Yes Point of sale No Internet No Other direct bans No Compliance score of direct bans § 8 Indirect bans Free distribution Yes Promotional discounts Yes Non-tobacco goods and services identified with tobacco brand names Yes Brand name of non-tobacco products used for tobacco product No Appearance of tobacco brands in TV and/or films (product No placement) Appearance of tobacco products in TV and/or films No Sponsored events Yes Other indirect bans No Compliance score of indirect bans § 5 Are there subnational laws or regulations banning some or all types Yes of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship mentioned in the above questions?§ A score of 0—10, where 0 is low compliance. 5
  6. 6. Country Profile: MexicoTobacco taxation policy as at 31 July 2010Price of lowest-cost brand of cigarettes (Delicados) 2008 2010 MXN MXM A Tax inclusive retail sales price (TIRSP) for a pack of 20 cigarettes 17.00 20.00Price of Marlboro or similar brand of cigarettes (Marlboro) 2008 2010 MXN MXM A Tax inclusive retail sales price (TIRSP) for a pack of 20 cigarettes 28.00 30.00Taxes on the most popular brand of cigarettes (Marlboro) WHOs WHOs comparable comparable estimate for estimate for 2008 2010 Price of most sold brand, pack of 20 cigarettes In currency reported by country MXN MXM 28.00 30.00 In US$ at official exchange rate USD USD 2.07 2.37 Taxes on this brand (% of retail price) ᄌ ᄌ ᄌ ᄌ Total taxes 61 63 Specific excise 0 3 Ad valorem excise 48 46 Value added tax (VAT) 13 14 Import duty — — Other taxes — — ᄌ Individual categories of tax may not add to total due to rounding.National tobacco control programme 2010 Specific national government objectives in tobacco control Yes National agency or technical unit for tobacco control Yes Number of full-time equivalent staff 5 Government expenditure on tobacco control: In currency reported by country MXN 200 000 Year of expenditure 2008 In US$ at official exchange rate US$ 17 970 ***** 6

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