Basque Diaspora
What´s it?
The Basque Diaspora is the name given to describe the
Basque people who left their traditional homeland for
dif...
Historical context
Referring to the economic context, along the XIX century
the Basque economy changed absolutely. People ...
There were deep changes in political and social areas .
Two important conflicts occurred:
• In the 1898, Spain lose last c...
• On the other hand, the population growth along XIX
century, was due to the medical advantages.
The Basque Diaspora
It´s possible to separate three different stages: From 1876 to the
Spanish Civil war, then since 1936 ...
First stage
• During that period of time, The Basque majority emigrated to
America: Venezuela, Argentina, Cuba, Chile, Mex...
Reasons:
1) Some of them were disagree with the political decisions of
the new military government, for example, the oblig...
Dictatorship
When Nationals won the Civil War, many Basques were sent
to the exile, because they had fought with the Repub...
Basques emigrants percentages
510.
000
170.
000

America

Europe
The Basques that installed in America

Uruguay
Argentina
EU
Txile
Colombia
Mexiko
Nowadays
These days it´s also happening another type of Diaspora in
our country and in the whole state. However, reasons a...
Buenos Aires

Mexico
Euskal diaspora presentacion (ingelesez)
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Euskal diaspora presentacion (ingelesez)

  1. 1. Basque Diaspora
  2. 2. What´s it? The Basque Diaspora is the name given to describe the Basque people who left their traditional homeland for different reasons. Nowadays, the main groups of The Basque Diaspora live in Venezuela, Argentina, Cuba, Chile, Mexico, Colombia and USA. Often, Diaspora Basque people are called “The eighth province” by the natives to express their affection towards them.
  3. 3. Historical context Referring to the economic context, along the XIX century the Basque economy changed absolutely. People left agricultural lands and moved to the cities to work in factories. The main reason was that iron was found in big amounts and it was one of the best quality besides of Swedish one.
  4. 4. There were deep changes in political and social areas . Two important conflicts occurred: • In the 1898, Spain lose last colonies in America (Cuba, Puerto Rico) and Filipinas, in the Independence wars. • The second one was the Spanish civil war from 1936 to 1939. The fight was between two sides, Republicans and Nationals. The National leader was Francisco Franco, a military general who imposed a long dictatorial period of 36 years.
  5. 5. • On the other hand, the population growth along XIX century, was due to the medical advantages.
  6. 6. The Basque Diaspora It´s possible to separate three different stages: From 1876 to the Spanish Civil war, then since 1936 to 2000 and the last one up today. 1876 1936 First stage 2000 Second stage 2013 Third stage
  7. 7. First stage • During that period of time, The Basque majority emigrated to America: Venezuela, Argentina, Cuba, Chile, Mexico, Colombia and USA. However, another big group emigrated to Europe: France, Russia, United kingdom and Belgium. The first part was massive, around five hundred and fifty thousand Basques left their homeland. Although, many of them came back after several years. They were called “Amerikanoak”.
  8. 8. Reasons: 1) Some of them were disagree with the political decisions of the new military government, for example, the obligatory military training. 2) America needed a lot of people to work the land. For example, the consulate of Uruguay in Vitoria offered good opportunities to them. 3) Gold fever in California. 4) An old law in Spain made the only owner of lands the first son of each family. That caused that the youngest son didn´t receive anything and they had to search different alternatives, such as moving to emergent countries like America.
  9. 9. Dictatorship When Nationals won the Civil War, many Basques were sent to the exile, because they had fought with the Republican side. Most people moved to the regions near to the France frontier with Basque Country. Other people, travelled to UK, Belgium and Russia. The people who had family in America went there and tried to find a job. At first, some people thought that they would return soon, but finally, they stayed there for the rest of their life.
  10. 10. Basques emigrants percentages 510. 000 170. 000 America Europe
  11. 11. The Basques that installed in America Uruguay Argentina EU Txile Colombia Mexiko
  12. 12. Nowadays These days it´s also happening another type of Diaspora in our country and in the whole state. However, reasons are absolutely different. Mainly for economic reasons. A lot of people (young people especially) is moving to different countries to find a job and a better quality of life. Nowadays, the countries who receive more emigrants are USA, Germany, UK, Belgium, Australia and France.
  13. 13. Buenos Aires Mexico

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