CHAPTER 3:Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
Period of the Zygote: Week 1-2Key terms: Ovulation; fertilization, implantation, fallopian tube;zygote, blastocyst; germ ...
PERIOD OF THE ZYGOTE
Period of the Embryo: Week 3-8Key terms: Embryo Ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm Amnion and amniotic fluid Umbilical cord...
PRENATAL STRUCTURES
Period of the Fetus: Weeks 9-38Key Terms: Cerebral cortex Vernix Age of viabilityCharacteristics: From 9 weeks after c...
Period of the FetusFetal Behavior: Fetal movement Behavioral maturity of sense Changes during prenatal development
Five Steps Toward a Healthy Baby1. Regular check-ups2. Healthy foods3. No alcohol or caffeinated beverages4. Exercise5. Ad...
General Risk Factors Nutrition Chronic stress Mother’s age
Teratogens: Diseases, Drugs,and Environmental HazardsTeratogen:Agent that causes abnormal prenatal development Diseases p...
Can you hear me now???Is cell phone usage a potentialteratogen for pregnant women?Check out Yale’s recent study…http://www...
Let’s review the effects of teratogensacross prenatal development.
Prenatal Diagnosis & TreatmentDiagnosis Ultrasound - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JEFh13-qcNs Amniocentesis –http://ww...
PRENATAL DIAGNOSISAmniocentesisChorionic Villus Sampling
Labor and DeliveryLabor is usually divided into three stagesLet’s watch some men give it a try…http://www.youtube.com/watc...
THREE STAGES OF LABOR
Approaches to Childbirth Prepared childbirth Natural childbirth Childbirth with doula Choice of place of birth
Approaches to ChildbirthChildbirth classes Content BenefitsAdditional Resources:http://www.spinningbabies.com/
Adjusting to Parenthood Reorganization of old routines Physical and emotional reactions Postpartum depression
Birth Complications Hypoxia Cephalopelvic disproportion Irregular position Preeclampsia Prolapsed umbilical cord Pre...
True or False?Infant mortality is relatively low in the United Statescompared to other industrialized countries.Let’s look...
INFANT MORTALITY RATES
Assessing the Newborn Apgar score (Table 3-5) Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS)Newborns’ reflexes prepare them...
Newborn States: PrimaryFour primary states Alert inactivity Waking activity CryingThree distinctive types of cries Bas...
Newborn States: Sleep Developmental change in sleep-wake cycle Types of sleep (REM/non-REM) Co-sleeping
Perception and Learning in theNewbornAll the basic perceptual processesare operating at birthNewborns can see, hear, taste...
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Chapter 3 psy 202 - www

  1. 1. CHAPTER 3:Prenatal Development, Birth, and the Newborn
  2. 2. Period of the Zygote: Week 1-2Key terms: Ovulation; fertilization, implantation, fallopian tube;zygote, blastocyst; germ discCharacteristics: 2 weeks duration; rapid divisionLet’s look at the next slide to viewthis period more closely.
  3. 3. PERIOD OF THE ZYGOTE
  4. 4. Period of the Embryo: Week 3-8Key terms: Embryo Ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm Amnion and amniotic fluid Umbilical cord Placenta VilliCharacteristics: Third to eighth weeks of prenatal development Differentiation of organs and organ systems occurs
  5. 5. PRENATAL STRUCTURES
  6. 6. Period of the Fetus: Weeks 9-38Key Terms: Cerebral cortex Vernix Age of viabilityCharacteristics: From 9 weeks after conception to birth Increase in size Systems begin to function
  7. 7. Period of the FetusFetal Behavior: Fetal movement Behavioral maturity of sense Changes during prenatal development
  8. 8. Five Steps Toward a Healthy Baby1. Regular check-ups2. Healthy foods3. No alcohol or caffeinated beverages4. Exercise5. Adequate diet
  9. 9. General Risk Factors Nutrition Chronic stress Mother’s age
  10. 10. Teratogens: Diseases, Drugs,and Environmental HazardsTeratogen:Agent that causes abnormal prenatal development Diseases passing through placenta directly or attacking atbirth Potentially dangerous drugs Environmental hazards
  11. 11. Can you hear me now???Is cell phone usage a potentialteratogen for pregnant women?Check out Yale’s recent study…http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/health/yale-study-cellphone-pregnancy-bad-babies-health-article-1.1039527
  12. 12. Let’s review the effects of teratogensacross prenatal development.
  13. 13. Prenatal Diagnosis & TreatmentDiagnosis Ultrasound - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JEFh13-qcNs Amniocentesis –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DQQyZ8v7_C8 Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=goEZ7feoZVk
  14. 14. PRENATAL DIAGNOSISAmniocentesisChorionic Villus Sampling
  15. 15. Labor and DeliveryLabor is usually divided into three stagesLet’s watch some men give it a try…http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A44oEcmDn1c&list=PLmc_JvKoNAoqH1xNuQVMs8rLrlPn7EnYA Stage 1• Startswhenmusclesof uteruscontractand endswhencervix isfullyenlargedStage 2• Baby ispushedthroughthe birthcanalStage 3• Placentaisexpelled
  16. 16. THREE STAGES OF LABOR
  17. 17. Approaches to Childbirth Prepared childbirth Natural childbirth Childbirth with doula Choice of place of birth
  18. 18. Approaches to ChildbirthChildbirth classes Content BenefitsAdditional Resources:http://www.spinningbabies.com/
  19. 19. Adjusting to Parenthood Reorganization of old routines Physical and emotional reactions Postpartum depression
  20. 20. Birth Complications Hypoxia Cephalopelvic disproportion Irregular position Preeclampsia Prolapsed umbilical cord Prematurity Low birth weight
  21. 21. True or False?Infant mortality is relatively low in the United Statescompared to other industrialized countries.Let’s look at these rates around the world.
  22. 22. INFANT MORTALITY RATES
  23. 23. Assessing the Newborn Apgar score (Table 3-5) Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS)Newborns’ reflexes prepare them to interact with theworld Survival reflexes Protective reflexes Foundational reflexes
  24. 24. Newborn States: PrimaryFour primary states Alert inactivity Waking activity CryingThree distinctive types of cries Basic Mad Pain SleepingCheck out how to determine the 5 words all newbornssay…Dunstan Baby Language Method (Oprah Clip)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nWQ51099C24
  25. 25. Newborn States: Sleep Developmental change in sleep-wake cycle Types of sleep (REM/non-REM) Co-sleeping
  26. 26. Perception and Learning in theNewbornAll the basic perceptual processesare operating at birthNewborns can see, hear, taste,smell, and feelNewborns can also learn andremember

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