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Energy solutions final

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Energy solutions final

  1. 1. INTERVENTIONS ARCHITA, DEVANSH, PRADEEPANPHOTO BY KABILAN S.
  2. 2. 72LIGHTS PRESENT 150 W EACH for 12 hrs 129.6 kWh CONSUMPTION DAILY Rs. 25500 PER MONTH STREET LIGHTING FOR FREE AFTER 6 YEARS SOLAR LED STREET LIGHTS THE STREET LIGHTS ON CAMPUS AND THE LIGHTS IN THE COMMON AREAS LIKE COURTYARDS AE REGULAR CONSUMERS OF ENERGY WITH NO FLUCTUATION IN THEI DEMAND. HENCE TO CHANGE THEM IN A WAY SO AS TO MAKE THEM SELF SUFFICIENT WOULD REMOVE A MAJOR DRAINAGE OF ELECTRICITY. REPLACE WITH SOLAR LED STREET LIGHT NO ENERGY CONSUMPTION INDIVIDUAL UNITS • HEIGHT OF POLE 6M • DIAMETER OF LIT AREA- 7M • SPACE BETWEEN TWO LAMPS- 14M • AUTONOMY FOR 3 DAYS IN CASE OF RAIN • INITIAL COST- RS.26000 PER UNIT • TOTAL INITIAL INVESTMENT- RS.1872000 ( - 30% SUBSIDY FROM GOVT) • PAYBACK TIME- 6 YEARS 6M SOLAR POWERED NESCAFE • SOLAR PANEL ANGLE - FOR DELHI (LATITUDE: 28˚ 38′N) THE SUMMER ANGLE WILL BE 13˚ AND THE WINTER ANGLE 43˚. TOP/ROOF OF NESCAFE CAN BE USED FOR SOLAR PANELS SETUP • CAN BE A SELF SUFFICIENT SYSTEM THAT WAY • IN CASE OF SHADE ISSUES ON THE ROOF OF NESCAFE, SOLAR PANEL CAN BE PLACED AT A HEIGHT NEXT TO THE BOUNDARY WALL CLOSE TO NESCAFE • FOR EFFICIENT OPERATION A 1.5 KW SOLAR SYSTEM IS SUFFICIENT FOR NESCAFE. ( DAILY AVERAGE USAGE IN SUMMER- 5.5 kWh AND IN WINTER- 3.3 kWh) ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS MAINTENANCE DURABILITY PAYBACK TIME COST ESTIMATION SAVINGS SOLAR ENERGY ONCE IN 5 YRS PANELS - 25 YRS BETTERY – 5 YRS LED – 8 YRS 4.3 YRS 13.1LAKHS 3.05 LAKHS/ YR ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS MAINTENANCE DURABILITY PAYBACK TIME COST ESTIMATION SAVINGS SOLAR ENERGY ONCE IN 5 YRS PANELS - 25+ YRS BATTERY - 5 YRS 4.9YRS 40.5K RS.8200/ YR SOLAR PV PANEL- RS.48000 INVERTER- RS.9900 TOTAL SETUP COST- RS.57900 ( - 30% SUBSIDY FROM GOVT) =40,500/- ARCHITA . DEVANSH . PRADEEPANSHEET - 1
  3. 3. FOR HOSTEL TOTAL WATER CONSUMPTION = 11100 L WASHING & BATHING = 99% OF 11100 L = 10989 HENCE, APPROX. 11000 L USED FOR BATHING, WASHING 1/3RD WATER COMES FROM GEYSER = 1/3 X 11000 = 3667 L DIVIDED AMONGST 23 GEYSERS, PER GEYSER = 160 L TWO TYPES OF SOLAR WATER HEATERS ARE AVAILABLE IN THE MARKET. ONE WITH FLAT PLATE COLLECTORS (FPC) AND THE OTHER WITH EVACUATED TUBE COLLECTORS(ETC). FPC BASED SYSTEMS ARE OF METALLIC TYPE AND HAVE LONGER LIFE AS COMPARED TO ETC BASED SYSTEM WHERE TUBES ARE MADE OF GLASS WHICH ARE OF FRAGILE IN NATURE. ETC BASED SYSTEMS ARE, THEREFORE, CHEAPER THAN FPC BASED SYSTEM. HENCE, WE WOULD SUGGEST FPC BASED SYSTEMS BE INSTALLED FOR LONGER LIFE. 200L FPC BASED SYSTEMS REQUIRE MAXIMUM SOLAR COLLECTOR AREA OF 4 SQ.M. AND COST ABOUT 42000/- PER SYSTEM. THEREFORE, 23 SYSTEMS WILL COST ABOUT 9,66,000/- CONSIDERING MNRE 30% SUBSIDY, FINAL COST = 6,76,200/- SOLAR WATER HEATER ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS MAINTENANCE DURABILITY PAYBACK TIME COST ESTIMATION SAVINGS SOLAR RADIATION WIPED OCCASSIONALLY TO REMOVE DUST 20+ YRS 6 YRS 9.66 LAKHS 1.42 LAKHS/ YR MEGH MEDITECH PVT LTD MR. MEGH PRAKASH E- 1/279, SONIA VIHAR, 4 HALF PUSTA, MAHATMA GANDHI MARG DELHI - 110094, INDIA CALL US: 08376806533 BHAMBRI ENTERPRISES MR. BIREN BHAMBRI (PARTNER) NO. 794, JOSHI ROAD, KAROL BAGH NEW DELHI - 110 005, DELHI, INDIA CALL US: 08447553107 ARCHITA . DEVANSH . PRADEEPANSHEET - 2 RETAILERS
  4. 4. KEY CARD SWITCHES CARD KEY SWITCH IS THE ONE-OF-A-KIND SWITCH ACTIVATED BY KEY CARDS AND TURNS ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS ON OR OFF WHEN A KEY CARD IS INSERTED OR REMOVED FROM ITS SLOT. ENERGY-EFFICIENT CARD KEY SWITCH, HELPING THE CAMPUS REDUCE ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN EMPTY HOSTEL ROOMS OR EVEN HOUSES. • REDUCES THE AMOUNT OF ENERGY EXHAUSTED ON LIGHTING, HEATING AND COOLING UNOCCUPIED ROOMS • UP TO 30% REDUCTION IN ENERGY CONSUMPTION • INITIAL INSTALLATION COSTS CAN BE RECOUPED IN LESS THAN FOUR YEARS • RUNNING WIRES TO THE CONTROLS NOT REQUIRED FOR INSTALLATION OF THE SYSTEM • THE SWITCH IS EASILY PROGRAMMED TO THE CONTROLLER • KEY SYSTEM LIKE THOSE IN HOTELS..WHERE TAKING OUT KEY TURNS OFF EVERYTHING INSIDE THE ROOM..PROBABLY LEAVE ONE PLUG POINT TO CHARGE THINGS • A NORMAL KEY WOULD BE ATTACHED DIRECTLY TO THE CARD. THE KEY WOULD OPEN AN ORDINARY LOCK ON THE DOOR AND THE CARD WILL SERVE ONLY AS A CIRCUIT BREAKER. HENCE ,ONE CAN HAVE THE PRESENT DOOR SYSTEM ALONG WITH THIS NEW KEY CARD SWITCH ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS MAINTENANCE DURABILITY PAYBACK TIME COST ESTIMATION SAVINGS REDUCES ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION PER ROOM NIL 10 yrs - 66,150/- 20% OF TOTAL BILL PER ROOM EVERY DAY COMFORT WITH A RESPONSIBLE LIFESTYLE THE KEY CARD SWITCH IS IDEAL FOR HOSTEL ROOMS. TO OPERATE THE SWITCH, STUDENTS CAN SIMPLY INSERT THEIR KEY CARD IN THE SLOT WHEN THEY ENTER THE ROOM AND THEN REMOVE IT WHEN THEY LEAVE. SAVINGS ACHIEVED FROM INSTALLATION OF THESE UNITS WILL PAY FOR THE SYSTEM MANY TIMES OVER. ARCHITA . DEVANSH . PRADEEPANSHEET - 3 COST ESTIMATION NO. OF ROOMS = 245 RATE/PC = 270/- THEREFORE, TOTAL INSTALLATION COST ESTIMATION FOR KEY CARD SWITCHES = 270*245 =66,150/- RETAILER RAJSHREE ENTERPRISES MR. SANTOSH KUNDALIA (OWNER) NO. G - 57, 2ND FLOOR, LAWRENCE ROAD DELHI - 110035, INDIA CONTACT - 09953358093
  5. 5. REMOVE EXCESS CORRIDOR LIGHTS LIGHTS PRESENT LIGHTS REMOVED ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS MAINTENANCE DURABILITY PAYBACK TIME COST ESTIMATION SAVINGS REDUCES WASTAGE OF ELECTRICITY LOW 25+ yrs 9 MONTHS 1100 PER PC 1.09 lakhs/ yr EXCESS CORRIDOR LIGHTS ARE TO BE REMOVED AND THEIR TOTAL NUMBER IS TO BE REDUCED FROM 162 LIGHTS TO 70 LIGHTS IN TOTAL. THIS WILL REDUCE THE ENERGY CONSUMPTION TO AT LEAST HALF. THE REST OF THE 70 LIGHTS CAN BE SWITCHED TO MOTION SENSR LIGHTS TO REDUCE ENERGY CONSUMPTION FURTHER. MOTION SENSOR LIGHTS •RATED LOAD: 800W MAX.(GLS) •400W MAX.(CFL, TL) •DETECTION ANGLE: 360° •TIME SETTING: (8±3)SEC-(8±3)MIN •LIGHT-CONTROL: <10LUX~2000LUX •(ADJUSTABLE) •DETECTION RANGE : 8 MTRS MAX. INSTALLATION HEIGHT : 2.5~3.5MTRS POWER CONSUMPTION: .45W (WORK) .1W (STATIC) DETECTION DIST- 6M ADJUSTIBLE TIME DELAY AND LUX PROVIDING EMERGENCY LIGHTS AT THE END OF CORRIDORS ARCHITA . DEVANSH . PRADEEPANSHEET - 4 COST ESTIMATION TOTAL NO. OF LIGHTS IN CORRIDORS = 162 @ 40W FOR 12 HOURS PER DAY TOTAL COST PER YEAR = 1,94,000/- NO. OF LIGHTS TO BE REMOVED = 92 AFTER REMOVAL NO. OF LIGHTS = 70 TOTAL CONSUMPTION PER YEAR = 84,600/- FOR 12 HOURS PER DAY INSTALLATION COST = 1100 PER PC
  6. 6. ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS MAINTENANCE DURABILITY ELECTRICITY PRODUCED WATER SAVED SAVINGS SOLAR ENERGY QUARTER YEARLY 25+ yrs RS17.88 lakhs/ yr DELHI THE NATIONAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, (NCT), OF DELHI RECEIVES 611 MM OF RAINFALL ON AN AVERAGE ANNUALLY AND THE NUMBER OF RAINY DAYS ARE AS LOW AS 20-30. (A RAINY DAY IS SPECIFIED AS A DAY WITH MORE THAN OR EQUAL TO 2.5 MM OF RAINFALL). THE GEOLOGY OF DELHI COMPRISES ALWAR QUARTZITES AND ALLUVIUM WHOSE VERTICAL HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY, (PERMEABILITY), IS HIGH COMPARED TO THE HORIZONTAL PERMEABILITY. THIS MAKES THE CONDITIONS FAVOURABLE FOR ARTIFICIAL RECHARGE.THUS MOST OF THE URBAN RAINWATER HARVESTING EFFORTS REVOLVE AROUND RECHARGE OF AQUIFERS WHICH IS THE BEST OPTION AVAILABLE TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION THE RAINFALL PATTERN AND AVAILABILITY. ARCHITECTURAL INTERVENTION FOR CRYSTALLINE AND AMORPHOUS SILICON MODULES THE AVERAGE IRRADIATION IS IN KWH/M2 , AND THE ELECTRICAL OUTPUT IS IN MEGA WATT HOUR. ROOF AREA OF THE HOSTEL- 2100 SQM APPROX AMOUNT OF RAINFALL- 1281000 LITRES QUANTITY OF WATER AVAILABLE FOR HARVESTING- 769860 LITRES THESE PANELS WILL HELP IN HARVESTING RAINWATER AND GENERATING SOLAR POWER. THEY ALSO GIVE SHADE TO THE ROOF WHICH GETS EXCESSIVELY HEATED UP DURING ANY SUNNY DAY. THEY GIVE A SENSE OF ENCLOSURE TO THE SPACE ON THE ROOF WHICH MIGHT BE OF SOME USE AFTER THESE PANELS ARE SET UP. THESE ATTRIBUTES MAKE THIS APPARATUS A HUGE ENERGY CONSERVATOR. UNDER CLEAR SKIES AND GOOD SUNSHINE EACH SQUARE METER IS RECEIVING ABOUT 1000 WATTS OF SOLAR ENERGY. AT TYPICAL 15% PANEL EFFICIENCY, A 10 SQ M AREA WILL GENERATE 1 KILOWATT OF POWER. AFTER LEAVING SOME FREE SPACE, ABOUT 10-12 SQ M CLEAR ROOF AREA WILL BE REQUIRED. ROOF AREA- 2100 SQ M NO OF KILO WATTS WE CAN PRODUCE ( ASSUMING HALF OF THE ROOF WILL BE PRODUCTIVE)- 105 KW/HOUR THAT AMOUNTS TO AROUND RS.700 PER HOUR. 1 MEGAWATT 769860 LITRES ARCHITA . DEVANSH . PRADEEPANSHEET - 5
  7. 7. BEHAVIOURAL CHANGE IN HOSTEL STUDENT’S CULTURAL ACTIVITIES CAN APROACH THE SUBJECT OF CONSERVATION . AWARENESS MONTH FOCUSSING ON EDUCATING STUDENTS AND STAFF MOVIES, POSTERS, ARTWORK AND PLAYS CAN BE SPONSORED BY THE COLLEGE TO ENCOURAGE STUDENTS . FOR EXAMPLE CONDUCTING AN ENERGY AUDIT HAS MADE STUDENTS CONSCIOUS OF THEIR CONSUMPTION THE AFTER EFFECTS OF SUCH AN AWARENESS CAMPAIGN WILL SLOWLY START CREATING A DIFFERENCE IN THE DAILY HABITS OF PEOPLE THE FOLLOWING MEASURES CAN BE TAKEN TO BRING ABOUT AN AWARENESS: • REGULAR MONITORING OF ENERGY CONSUMED BY PARTICULAR SECTIONS OF THE HOSTEL A COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT SECTIONS ON PUBLIC DISPLAY AND AWARDING THE LEAST CONSUMERS WOULD COMPEL STUDENTS TO USE LESS IN ORDER TO GAIN PERKS. INSTALLING SUB METERS IN EACH CORRIDOR TO MONITOR ELECTICITY USAGE BY EACH CORRIDOR. THE CORRIDOR WHICH CONSUMES THE LEST ENERGY SHALL BE AWARDED. WINDOWS SHOULD CLEANED MONTHLY STUDENTS SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED TO CLEAN WINDOWS REGULARLY HOSTEL CLEANING DRIVES CAN BE ORGANISED MONTHLY OR EVERY TWO MONTHS STAFF CAN BE GIVEN INCENTIVES ONCE A MONTH TO PARTICIPATE IN THESE CLEANING DRIVES FIXTURES CAN ALSO BE CLEANED SO ARCHITA . DEVANSH . PRADEEPANSHEET - 6
  8. 8. SOURCES Solar LED Street Lights http://www.solarstreetlightsindia.in/18-watts-bright-led-pathway-light.html Solar PV Panels http://www.solarguys.com.au/2011/12/1-5kw-solar-system/ http://www.bijlibachao.com/solar/solar-panel-cell-cost-price-list-in-india.html http://www.solarpowerenergyindia.com/solar-inverter.php Solar Water Heater http://energyconsultingassociates.com/2011/01/01/maintaining-your-solar-water-heating-system/ http://www.indg.in/rural-energy/technologies-under-rural-energy/energy-production/solar%20water%20heaters-users%20manual.pdf Key Card System http://dtxtq4w60xqpw.cloudfront.net/sites/all/files/docpdf/eefactsheetn11keycardsystemstoswitchoffelectricityinguestrooms.pdf Motion Sensor Light http://www.ebay.in/itm/Real-Motion-sensor-switch-PIR-360-ceiling-automatic-occupancy-light-India-37-/300852094652 http://au.pfinance.yahoo.com/compare/energy/article/-/15202740/50-ways-to-reduce-your-power- bill/?nsextt=%0D%0Ans:netsparker056650%3Dvuln http://revelle.net/lakeside/lakeside.new/steps.html ARCHITA . DEVANSH . PRADEEPANSHEET - 7
  9. 9. THERE ARE A NUMBER OF THINGS THAT ALL HOMEOWNERS CAN DO TO MAKE SIGNIFICANT REDUCTIONS IN THEIR ENERGY CONSUMPTION. THE FOLLOWING STEPS CAN BE TAKEN BY THE OWNERS OF THE HOUSE TO REDUCE THEIR ENERGY USE AND THAT IN TURN CONTRIBUTE TO THE OVERALL ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF THE HOUSE : CHOOSE ENERGY STAR APPLIANCES LABELED PRODUCTS REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF ENERGY CONSUMED BY EITHER AUTOMATICALLY SWITCHING TO A ‘SLEEP’ MODE WHEN NOT IN USE AND/OR REDUCING THE AMOUNT OF POWER USED WHEN IN ‘STANDBY’ MODE USE LESS WATER REPLACING AN OLD TOILET WITH A 6 LPF TOILET CAN SAVE AN AVERAGE OF 40 LITRES OF WATER PER PERSON PER DAY. THE KEY FEATURE OF THESE TOILETS IS A 3/6-LITRES TWO-BUTTON FLUSHING SYSTEM---ONE BUTTON FOR LIQUID WASTE AND THE OTHER FOR SOLID WASTE. USE WINDOW TREATMENTS TO CONTROL HEAT LOSS AND HEAT GAIN. • REGULAR CLEANING OF WINDOWS TO INCREASE THEIR EFFICIENCY, ESPECIALLY FOR WINTER SUN. • LOUVERS OR SHADES ON WINDOWS - BLOCK UNWANTED HEAT GAIN. (HUNTER DOUGLAS DUETTE SHADES) • DRAUGHT PROOFING WINDOWS TO DRAUGHT-PROOF YOUR HOME YOU SHOULD BLOCK UP UNWANTED GAPS THAT LET COLD AIR IN AND WARM AIR OUT. SAVING WARM AIR MEANS YOU’LL USE LESS ENERGY TO HEAT YOUR HOME, SO YOU'LL SAVE MONEY AS WELL AS MAKING YOUR HOME SNUG AND PLEASANT. SWITCH APPLIANCES OFF WHILE WE MAY SWITCH OFF APPLIANCES, THEY CONTINUE USING ENERGY WHILE THEY ARE ON STANDBY. YOU CAN SAVE ENERGY BY TURNING APPLIANCES OFF AT THE POWER POINT WHEN THEY ARE NOT IN USE.
  10. 10. LIGHTS OFF REMIND YOURSELF AND OTHERS IN YOUR HOUSEHOLD TO TURN LIGHTS OFF WHEN YOU EXIT A ROOM, EVERY TIME USE LESS AIR-CONDITIONING AIR-CONDITIONING MAKES UP 40% OF ALL ELECTRICITY USED IN SUMMER. AND THOUGH IT MAY BE IMPOSSIBLE TO BYPASS USING AIR-CONDITIONING COMPLETELY, KEEPING THE AIR- CONDITIONER BETWEEN 23 AND 26 DEGREES WILL ALLOW YOU TO KEEP COOL WHILE USING LESS POWER. DRESS FOR THE CLIMATE YOU CAN EASILY CUT DOWN ON POWER USED TO HEAT AND COOL YOUR HOME BY DRESSING MORE APPROPRIATELY FOR THE CLIMATE. WASH CLOTHES IN COLD WATER WASHING CLOTHES IN COLD WATER INSTEAD OF HOT WATER CAN SAVE A SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT OF ENERGY. TURN HEATING OFF WHILE YOU SLEEP WITH BLANKETS AND DOONAS, LEAVING HEATERS SWITCHED ON WHILE YOU SLEEP IS UNNECESSARY. RS. X PER MONTH X - 20%X CURRENT BILL TENTATIVE NEW BILL DROP IN BILLS
  11. 11. INTERVENTION 3D

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