Earth science quiz56

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Earth science quiz56

  1. 1. Rocks and Minerals Inside the Earth The Changing Earth Landforms Jumble $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $600 $600 $600 $600 $600 $800 $800 $800 $800 $800 $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 Game Over example
  2. 2. What is the mantle made of? • Crust • Basalt • Soil • Fire
  3. 3. What does the word sedimentary mean? • ‘to sit’ • ‘to dance’ • ‘to settle’ • ‘to relax’
  4. 4. How is metamorphic rock made? • Mud+heat=lime stone • Heat+pressure=change • Change+rock=pressure • Dance+walk=rock
  5. 5. Where can you find fossils? • Fossils are only found in Africa • Fossils are in sedimentary rock • Fossils are found in the mantle
  6. 6. Which of these statements is true? • Minerals can be made up of different rocks. • Minerals are only one color. • Rocks can be made of different minerals. • Rocks and minerals are made of igneous rocks.
  7. 7. Which of these rocks comes from a volcano? •Metamorphic •Sedimentary •Igneous
  8. 8. What is the first layer in the earth • Inner core • Mantle • Outer core • crust
  9. 9. The crust is about______miles thick? • 100 • 30 • 1000 • 3000
  10. 10. The Mantle is_____miles thick •800 •2,000 •1,700 •500
  11. 11. What is the Earth mostly made of? • Organic materials • Water • Rocks and minerals • continents
  12. 12. About how hot is the inner core? • 1,000 degrees F • 15,000 degrees F • 9,000 degrees F • 100,000 degrees F
  13. 13. Where do earthquakes happen? • North America • Everywhere • South America • Europe
  14. 14. What causes an Earthquake? • A mountain falls down • Tectonic plates move • A volcano explodes • A new island is formed
  15. 15. When wind blows, it: • Slowly wears rock away • Chips big chunks of rock away • Cracks rocks • Split rocks apart
  16. 16. In the process of weathering, plant roots: •Wear rocks away •Blow rock apart •Crack rocks •Chip away rock
  17. 17. What happens during the process of erosion? • Land splits apart • Soil or rock is moved • Earthquakes are made • Mountains grow taller
  18. 18. What is an ocean ? • A hole with water in it • A big body of salt water • A small body of water • A strip of water
  19. 19. Which of these landforms is not formed by water? • Canyon • Mountain • Delta • River
  20. 20. How are volcanoes created? • Falling meteors • Dirt and grass catch on fire • Magma escapes from the mantle • Sand and hot water mix
  21. 21. What makes an island? • An underwater volcano erupts • A bunch of sand with trees • A large rock collects plants • A mountain gets flooded
  22. 22. How do mountains form? • Ancient civilizations built them. • Two tectonic plates collide and push up • Rivers erode softer soil from all around. • A volcano is filled in with rocks and minerals.
  23. 23. Which of these would usually not be found in soil? • Plastic • Rock • Dead plants • Twigs
  24. 24. How many continents are there? • 8 • 5 • 7 • 11
  25. 25. What is a delta? • A hole in the earth • A very high hill • A triangular pile of dirt at the mouth of a river • A large pile of sand in the desert
  26. 26. If you drilled though the Earth, in what order would you go though the layers ? • inner core, mantle, Crust • Crust, mantle, outer core, inner core • Inner core, outer core, mantle • Crust, inner core, mantle, outer core
  27. 27. How long ago did Pangea exist? • 220 million years • 1000 years • 100,000,000 years • 500,000 years

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