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Hinterland, Influence, EnvironsThe analysis of Celtic “Princely Sites” withthe help of Geographic Information SystemsDr. A...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Content• Defining an “Early Celtic Fürstensitz”• Examples of “Princely Sites”• Data and Met...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Defining an“Early CelticFürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012“Fürstensitze” – “Princely Sites”“Fürstensitz”Area ofResearch
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Definition “Fürstensitz” / “Princely Site”W. Kimmig (1969):1. Fortified settlement on anout...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Examples of“Princely Sites”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Heuneburg “Fürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Heuneburg “Fürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Heuneburg “Fürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Heuneburg “Fürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Heuneburg “Fürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg “Fürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg “Fürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Ipf “Fürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Ipf “Fürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Marienberg “Fürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Marienberg “Fürstensitz”
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Data andMethodologicalBackground
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Research Questions of the“Fürstensitze” Project- Concentration of Power?- Concentration of ...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Project Regions1: Marienberg(Würzburg)2: Glauberg(Wetterau)3: Heuneburg(Obere Donau)4: Ipf ...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Archaeological Data• All Settlement Sites (ca. 5800)• All Burial Sites (ca. 7700, thereofca...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Environmental Data• Topography:• Height• Slope• Aspect• Distance to water• Geology:• Distan...
Uppsala University – 22/10/201216.09.2006source: V. Gaffney/Z. Stan i , GIS approaches to regional analysis: A case study ...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Centralisation• “Concentration of Power”• Centralisation of Power• Economic Wealth = Power?...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Central places – central functions(after Gringmuth-Dallmer1999)governance/administrationpro...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Central places – central functionsgovernance/administrationprotectiontradecommerce/craft/ ....
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Methods and Theory„With experience, GIS becomes simply anextension of ones own analytical t...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Landscape Archaeologyand Settlement Archaeology"The key point to emphasis is that externalf...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Rethinking “PrincelySites”Examples of GISAnalyses
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Viewshed Heuneburg ( )Viewshed Bussen ( )Prominence and ViewshedsThe area around the Heuneb...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg and its EnvironsHa Ha/Lt eLtVisibility of the Glaubergs from contemporary sett...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg and its ConnectionsHunsrück area
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Routes According to TraditionalResearchAssumptions:1. It is possible toreconstruct ancientr...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Testing the Traditional ModelWalking on Hilltops?Iron Age routes, river and swamp bridgesin...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Testing the Traditional ModelHilltops?
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Testing the Traditional ModelHilltops?1251501752002252502753003253500 2500 5000 7500 10000 ...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Testing the Traditional ModelRoutes and Burial Mounds
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Testing the Traditional ModelRoutes and Burial Mounds- 1 . 2- 0 . 8- 0 . 400 . 40 . 81 . 2l...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012But ...Routes and roads depend on the aim of the traveller:• Trade (carriage, load)• Social...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg - ExplainingMeaning
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg - ExplainingMeaning
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg - ExplainingMeaning
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Explaining Meaning – A Calendar Buildingafter Deiss 2008
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Explaining Meaning – A Calendar Building
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Central Places,Central Functions& the Hinterland
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Importance of the EnvironsAspect of settlement sites
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Site CatchmentSite Soil typesSitesurroundingSoil types inthe site’shinterland
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012source: V. Gaffney/Z. Stan i , GIS approaches to regional analysis: A case study of the isl...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012‘Cost dependent’ Settlement HinterlandsEach point within the catchment areacan be reached f...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Hinterland Strategies
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Marienberg costbuffers
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Definingborders bylimits ofvisibility:5 kmcumulativeviewsheds(green) andthe burialmounds in...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Excursus:LiDAR scansand burialmounds in theforests
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012LiDAR /Airborne Laser Scanning
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012LiDAR /Airborne Laser Scanning
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012LiDAR /Airborne Laser Scanning
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The “hinterland” and its size
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The “hinterland” and its size
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The “hinterland” and its size
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Natural resourcesSoil – suitability for plant cultivation
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Natural resourcesSoil – suitability for plant cultivation
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Natural resourcesSoil – suitability for plant cultivation
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Natural resourcesSoil – suitability for plant cultivation
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Hinterland SizesIpfGoldberg„Bugfeld“„Zaunä cker“
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012posluschny@rgk.dainst.deHinterland & Alimentation• Elske Fischer (elske.fischer@rps.bwl.de)...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Environmental Basics• Soil• values based on the“Reichsbodenschä tzung”• > 40 --> potential ...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Data CombinationHeuneburg (Baden-Württemberg)Utilisation/suitability:fields, medium (48.9%)...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Environmental Basics
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Dynamics of Soil Development
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculating Needs and Supply
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculating Needs and Supply
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculation of Potential - Crops400020001500
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculation of Potential - Crops400020001500
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculation of Potential - Livestock
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculation of Potential - Livestock
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Outlook• Refinement of the model, taking into account thepossibilities of replacing exhaust...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Outlook• Development of a calculation model within a GISsoftware (gvSIG) based on the actua...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Densities and Gaps0.00200.00400.00600.00800.001000.001200.001 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Marienberg: Settlement Densities0.00200.00400.00600.00800.001000.001200.001 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Glauberg: Settlement Densities0.0050.00100.00150.00200.00250.00300.00350.00400.00450.001 1....
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012good poorSlopeSoil qualityflat steepWetterau: Settlement Gaps
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Summary and SomeKind of Synthesis
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Central meaning vs. central locationDistance of „Princely Sites“ to macrochore bordersDista...
Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Settlement sitesper 100 years
Beyond GIS and“Fürstensitze”:TheArchaeoLandscapesEurope Project
www.archaeolandscapes.euArchaeoLandscapes EuropeRoman-Germanic Commission• Agreement Number: 2010-1486• Start: 15thSeptemb...
www.archaeolandscapes.euArchaeoLandscapes EuropeRoman-Germanic CommissionCoordinator/Project Leader1. Roman-Germanic Commi...
www.archaeolandscapes.euArchaeoLandscapes EuropeRoman-Germanic CommissionProject Aims• "To increase public appreciation, u...
www.archaeolandscapes.euArchaeoLandscapes EuropeRoman-Germanic CommissionActivities• At least 6 Technical Workshops• More ...
www.archaeolandscapes.euArchaeoLandscapes EuropeRoman-Germanic CommissionThank you very much for your attention
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Hinterland, Influence, Environs

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Axel G. Posluschny: Hinterland, Influence, Environs - The analysis of Celtic “Princely Sites” with the help of Geographic Information Systems
Presentation at Uppsala University, 22/10/2012

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Hinterland, Influence, Environs

  1. 1. Hinterland, Influence, EnvironsThe analysis of Celtic “Princely Sites” withthe help of Geographic Information SystemsDr. Axel G. Posluschny M.A.EU-Project ArchaeoLandscapes EuropeRoman-Germanic Commission of theGerman-Archaeological InstitutePalmengartenstr. 10-12D-60325 Frankfurtposluschny@rgk.dainst.dehttp://www.archaeolandscapes.eu
  2. 2. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Content• Defining an “Early Celtic Fürstensitz”• Examples of “Princely Sites”• Data and Methodological Background• Rethinking “Princely Sites” – Examples of GISAnalyses• Central Places, Central Functions & the Hinterland• Summary, Some Kind of Synthesis• Beyond GIS and “Fürstensitze”: TheArchaeoLandscapes Europe Project
  3. 3. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Defining an“Early CelticFürstensitz”
  4. 4. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012“Fürstensitze” – “Princely Sites”“Fürstensitz”Area ofResearch
  5. 5. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Definition “Fürstensitz” / “Princely Site”W. Kimmig (1969):1. Fortified settlement on anoutstanding hill site2. Imported goods from theMediterranean (Greektableware, transportamphorae, … )3. Settlement with associatedrich graves4. Acropolis and suburbiumBurial moundBurial mound ““KleinaspergleKleinaspergle””““FürstensitzFürstensitz”” HohenaspergHohenasperg
  6. 6. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Examples of“Princely Sites”
  7. 7. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Heuneburg “Fürstensitz”
  8. 8. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Heuneburg “Fürstensitz”
  9. 9. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Heuneburg “Fürstensitz”
  10. 10. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Heuneburg “Fürstensitz”
  11. 11. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Heuneburg “Fürstensitz”
  12. 12. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg “Fürstensitz”
  13. 13. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg “Fürstensitz”
  14. 14. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Ipf “Fürstensitz”
  15. 15. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Ipf “Fürstensitz”
  16. 16. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Marienberg “Fürstensitz”
  17. 17. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Marienberg “Fürstensitz”
  18. 18. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Data andMethodologicalBackground
  19. 19. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Research Questions of the“Fürstensitze” Project- Concentration of Power?- Concentration of Economic Wealth?- Integration of Local and Microregional Societiesinto Supraregional Societies?Research Basis:-Analysis of Settlement Structures• (Source: http://www.fuerstensitze.de/)
  20. 20. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Project Regions1: Marienberg(Würzburg)2: Glauberg(Wetterau)3: Heuneburg(Obere Donau)4: Ipf (Ries)5: Ehrenbürg(Oberfranken)6: Münsterberg(Breisach)7: StraubingerDonautal8: Hohenasperg(Neckar)9: Vladař(Böhmen)10: Zavist (Böhmen,nicht erfasst)11: Altmühltal12: Bad Dürkheim(Pfalz, nicht erfasst)
  21. 21. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Archaeological Data• All Settlement Sites (ca. 5800)• All Burial Sites (ca. 7700, thereofca. 5000 undated burial mounds)• Other Sites (single finds, caves,road structures, ...; ca. 1400)• 3 Epochs:- Late Bronze Age Urnfield Period(ca.1200–750 v. Chr.)- Early Iron Age Hallstatt Period (ca. 750–450 v. Chr.)- Early Iron Age Early Latène Period (ca.450–250 v. Chr.)
  22. 22. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Environmental Data• Topography:• Height• Slope• Aspect• Distance to water• Geology:• Distance to Löß soils• Soil type• …• Climate:• Annual precipitation• Beginning of Spring and beginning of late Summer• Environmental classes• ...
  23. 23. Uppsala University – 22/10/201216.09.2006source: V. Gaffney/Z. Stan i , GIS approaches to regional analysis: A case study of the island of Hvarč č 2(Ljubljana 1996)
  24. 24. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Centralisation• “Concentration of Power”• Centralisation of Power• Economic Wealth = Power?• Central Power = Central Place?
  25. 25. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Central places – central functions(after Gringmuth-Dallmer1999)governance/administrationprotectiontradecommerce/craft/ ...cult/religionsettlements with several central functionscomplex centresettlements with one central functionsettlements with one central functionself-sustaining autarkic rural settlements
  26. 26. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Central places – central functionsgovernance/administrationprotectiontradecommerce/craft/ ...cult/religionstrongrelationship/dependencyweak relationship/dependency
  27. 27. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Methods and Theory„With experience, GIS becomes simply anextension of ones own analytical thinking. Thesystem has no inherent answers, only those ofthe analyst. It is a tool, just like statistics is atool. It is a tool for thought....In many ways, learning GIS involves learning tothink—learning to think about patterns, aboutspace and about processes that act in space.“J. R. EASTMAN, IDRISI Kilimanjaro.Guide to GIS and Image Processing(Worcester/MA 2003) 20
  28. 28. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Landscape Archaeologyand Settlement Archaeology"The key point to emphasis is that externalfactors influenced behaviour, and thisbehaviour left patterns in space that could beobjectively measured and quantified."D. Wheatley/M. Gillings, Spatial technology and archaeology. Thearchaeological application of GIS (London, New York 2002) 7
  29. 29. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Rethinking “PrincelySites”Examples of GISAnalyses
  30. 30. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Viewshed Heuneburg ( )Viewshed Bussen ( )Prominence and ViewshedsThe area around the Heuneburg “Fürstensitz”
  31. 31. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg and its EnvironsHa Ha/Lt eLtVisibility of the Glaubergs from contemporary settlements in theWetterau (max. visibility 10 km [top] und 20 km [bottom])Ha Ha/Lt eLt
  32. 32. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
  33. 33. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
  34. 34. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
  35. 35. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
  36. 36. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
  37. 37. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
  38. 38. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
  39. 39. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg – a Wealthy Place
  40. 40. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg and its ConnectionsHunsrück area
  41. 41. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Routes According to TraditionalResearchAssumptions:1. It is possible toreconstruct ancientroutes by projectingback from modern ones2. Ancient roads alwaysrun along crests of hillsand mountains3. Prehistoric routes followlines of prehistoricburial mounds –Prehistoric burialmounds were builtalong roads and pathsafter Loewe1956
  42. 42. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Testing the Traditional ModelWalking on Hilltops?Iron Age routes, river and swamp bridgesin Switzerland (after Jud 2003)Swamp bridge in Bavaria(after Schußmann 1996)
  43. 43. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Testing the Traditional ModelHilltops?
  44. 44. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Testing the Traditional ModelHilltops?1251501752002252502753003253500 2500 5000 7500 10000 12500Cross SectionMetersMeters
  45. 45. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Testing the Traditional ModelRoutes and Burial Mounds
  46. 46. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Testing the Traditional ModelRoutes and Burial Mounds- 1 . 2- 0 . 8- 0 . 400 . 40 . 81 . 2lp i b u r ia ls lp i b u r ia ls v is ib le f r o m r o a d s ( 1 0 0 0 m ) l p i r a n d o m p o in t s
  47. 47. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012But ...Routes and roads depend on the aim of the traveller:• Trade (carriage, load)• Social contact• Migration• …They depend also on:• The climate: Winter/Summer vs. Spring/Autumn• Personal/social experience• Tradition• Regularity vs. “spontaneity” There is not one single road or track, there is a large variety of options, basedon different needs and circumstances There is no proof of prehistoric roads/routes being the basis of the economicwealth and power of the Glauberg
  48. 48. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012
  49. 49. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg - ExplainingMeaning
  50. 50. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg - ExplainingMeaning
  51. 51. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Glauberg - ExplainingMeaning
  52. 52. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Explaining Meaning – A Calendar Buildingafter Deiss 2008
  53. 53. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Explaining Meaning – A Calendar Building
  54. 54. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Central Places,Central Functions& the Hinterland
  55. 55. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Importance of the EnvironsAspect of settlement sites
  56. 56. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Site CatchmentSite Soil typesSitesurroundingSoil types inthe site’shinterland
  57. 57. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012source: V. Gaffney/Z. Stan i , GIS approaches to regional analysis: A case study of the island of Hvar2 (Ljubljana 1996)č č
  58. 58. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012‘Cost dependent’ Settlement HinterlandsEach point within the catchment areacan be reached from the settlement(red spot) with the same maximumeffort (time, calorie expenditure, …)(Basis: slope, large streams)02356-0.3 -0.25 -0.2 -0.15 -0.1 -0.05 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 0.8 0.85 0.9 0.95 12,50122,97963,54944,22825,03686,00005,03684,22823,54942,97962,50122,09971,76261,47961,24211,04270,87530,73480,61680,51780,43470,3649 0,3063 0,2571 0,2159 0,1812 0,1521v = 6e−3.5 s+0.05 v = walking speed (km/h)s = slope (mathematical)based on L. J. Goren ofl /N. Gale, Mapping Regional Settlement in Information Space. Journal Anthr. Arch. 9, 1990, 240–274
  59. 59. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Hinterland Strategies
  60. 60. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The Marienberg costbuffers
  61. 61. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Definingborders bylimits ofvisibility:5 kmcumulativeviewsheds(green) andthe burialmounds inthe Glaubergvicinity
  62. 62. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Excursus:LiDAR scansand burialmounds in theforests
  63. 63. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012LiDAR /Airborne Laser Scanning
  64. 64. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012LiDAR /Airborne Laser Scanning
  65. 65. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012LiDAR /Airborne Laser Scanning
  66. 66. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The “hinterland” and its size
  67. 67. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The “hinterland” and its size
  68. 68. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012The “hinterland” and its size
  69. 69. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Natural resourcesSoil – suitability for plant cultivation
  70. 70. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Natural resourcesSoil – suitability for plant cultivation
  71. 71. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Natural resourcesSoil – suitability for plant cultivation
  72. 72. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Natural resourcesSoil – suitability for plant cultivation
  73. 73. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Hinterland SizesIpfGoldberg„Bugfeld“„Zaunä cker“
  74. 74. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012posluschny@rgk.dainst.deHinterland & Alimentation• Elske Fischer (elske.fischer@rps.bwl.de)=> palaeobotany• Axel G. Posluschny (posluschny@rgk.dainst.de)=> archaeology, GIS analyses• Manfred Rösch (Manfred.Roesch@rps.bwl.de)=> palaeobotany• Kristine Schatz (Kristine.Schatz@rps.bwl.de)=> archaeozoology• Elisabeth Stephan elisabeth.stephan@rps.bwl.de)=> archaeozoology• Astrid Stobbe (Stobbe@em.uni-frankfurt.de)=> pollen analyses
  75. 75. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Environmental Basics• Soil• values based on the“Reichsbodenschä tzung”• > 40 --> potential fields• Topography• slope < 10% --> ploughable• slope > 10% --> potential grazing land• meadows --> potential grazing land<2020-2728-4041-6061-75>75E. Fischer
  76. 76. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Data CombinationHeuneburg (Baden-Württemberg)Utilisation/suitability:fields, medium (48.9%)fields, medium/high (2.2%)fields, high (2.2%)meadows, wetland/pasture (37.6%)woods, dryland/pasture (8.4%)indeterminable/nondescript (0.6%)
  77. 77. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Environmental Basics
  78. 78. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Dynamics of Soil Development
  79. 79. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculating Needs and Supply
  80. 80. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculating Needs and Supply
  81. 81. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculation of Potential - Crops400020001500
  82. 82. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculation of Potential - Crops400020001500
  83. 83. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculation of Potential - Livestock
  84. 84. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Calculation of Potential - Livestock
  85. 85. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Outlook• Refinement of the model, taking into account thepossibilities of replacing exhausted nitrogen andphosphate• Rechecking the used parameters for times offallow, calorie consumption, hinterland sizes, ...• Revision of the model on the basis of theenvironmental reconstruction with the help ofpollen analyses• Conversion of the Excel file in use into a runtimedatabase (FileMaker) for a free distribution
  86. 86. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Outlook• Development of a calculation model within a GISsoftware (gvSIG) based on the actual model• Calculation and analysis of the feeding potentialof about 5500 settlement sites
  87. 87. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Densities and Gaps0.00200.00400.00600.00800.001000.001200.001 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5kmZuwachsMaindreieck, Uk-SiedlungenMaindreieck, Ha-SiedlungenMaindreieck, fLt-SiedlungenA. Zimmermann/J. Richter/Th. Frank/K. P. Wendt, Landschaftsarchä ologie II – Überlegungenzu Prinzipien einer Landschaftsarchä ologie. Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission85, 2004 (2005) 37–95.Zimmermann et al. 52, fig. 5
  88. 88. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Marienberg: Settlement Densities0.00200.00400.00600.00800.001000.001200.001 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5kmZuwachs Maindreieck, Uk-SiedlungenMaindreieck, Ha-SiedlungenMaindreieck, fLt-SiedlungenUk period Ha period
  89. 89. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Glauberg: Settlement Densities0.0050.00100.00150.00200.00250.00300.00350.00400.00450.001 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9 9.5 10 12. 15 17.kmZuwachsWetterau, Uk-SiedlungenWetterau, Ha-SiedlungenWetterau, fLt-SiedlungenWetterau, Ha/fLt- und fLt-SiedlungenUk period Ha period Ha/eLt & eLt period
  90. 90. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012good poorSlopeSoil qualityflat steepWetterau: Settlement Gaps
  91. 91. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Summary and SomeKind of Synthesis
  92. 92. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Central meaning vs. central locationDistance of „Princely Sites“ to macrochore bordersDistance of „Princely Sites“ to main water streams
  93. 93. Uppsala University – 22/10/2012Settlement sitesper 100 years
  94. 94. Beyond GIS and“Fürstensitze”:TheArchaeoLandscapesEurope Project
  95. 95. www.archaeolandscapes.euArchaeoLandscapes EuropeRoman-Germanic Commission• Agreement Number: 2010-1486• Start: 15thSeptember 2010• End: 14thSeptember 2015• EU Advancement: 2,5 Mio €• Total Budget: 5 Mio €• Partner Institutions: 61(at present)• Project Leadership: Roman-Germanic Commission of theGerman Archaeological InstituteArchaeoLandscape Europe is supported bythe EU within the framework of the Culture2007-2013 programme
  96. 96. www.archaeolandscapes.euArchaeoLandscapes EuropeRoman-Germanic CommissionCoordinator/Project Leader1. Roman-Germanic Commission, German Archaeological Institut (DE)Co-organisers:1. In Flanders Fields Museum, Belgium (BE)2. Cyprus Research and Education Foundation (STARC) (CY)3. Holstebro Museum (DK)4. State Heritage Service Baden-Württemberg (DE)5. Institute for Mediterranean Studies (FORTH) (GR)6. Baranya County Museum Authority (HU)7. Institute of Archaeology (IS)8. Discovery Programme (IE)9. University College Dublin (IE)10. University of Foggia (IT)11. University of Salento (LabTAF), Lecce (IT)12. University of Siena (LAP&T) (IT)13. University of Klaipeda (LT)14. University of Leiden (NL)15. Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU) (NO)16. Adam Mickiewicz University, Pozna (PL)ń17. Institute for Cultural Memory (CIMEC) (RO)18. Institute of Archaeology (RS)19. Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)20. Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ZRC SAZU) (SI)21. University of Ljubljana (SI)22. Instituto de Estudos Galeos Padre Sarmiento (ES)23. English Heritage (UK)24. University of Exeter (UK)25. University of Glasgow (UK)26. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (UK)Associated Partners:1. University of Vienna (AT)2. University of West Bohemia (CZ)3. Estonian Heritage Society (EE)4. Aalto University School of Science and Technology (FI)5. National Museum of the Faroe Islands (FO)6. Université de Franche Comté (FR)7. University of Applied Sciences - i3mainz (DE)8. University of Bamberg (DE)9. University of Frankfurt (DE)10. Aerial Archaeology Research Group (international)11. Culture Lab - International Cultural Expertise (BE)12. Dutch Expertise Centre for Archaeological Remote Sensing (NL/BE)13. Dundalk Institute of Technology (IE)14. Latvian Academy of Culture (LV)15. University of Granada (ES)16. University of Uppsala (SE)17. University of Ulster (IE)18. Landscape & Geophysical Services (IE)19. Macquarie University, NSW (AU)20. The DART Project - University of Leeds (UK)21. Leuven University (BE)22. Department of Earth and Environment of the Italian National Research Council (IT)23. University of Zagreb (HR)24. VU Amsterdam (NL)25. Moesgaard Museum (DK)26. The Rathcroghan Heritage Centre (IE)27. The Landscape Research Centre (UK)28. Polytechnic Institute of Tomar University (PT)29. ArchaeoPhysica (UK)30. University of Bologna (IT)31. Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NO)32. Szczecin University - Institute of History and International Relations, Department ofArchaeology (PL)33. University of California, Merced (USA)34. Cyprus University of Technology (CY)...61 Project Partner from all over Europe
  97. 97. www.archaeolandscapes.euArchaeoLandscapes EuropeRoman-Germanic CommissionProject Aims• "To increase public appreciation, understanding andconservation .....• of the landscape and archaeological heritage• of Europe ....• through the application and international sharing of skills andexperience ....• in airborne and other forms of remote sensing"
  98. 98. www.archaeolandscapes.euArchaeoLandscapes EuropeRoman-Germanic CommissionActivities• At least 6 Technical Workshops• More than 4 Aerial Archaeology Training Schools• 2 International Conferences (2013 Dublin, 2015 Frankfurt)• Symposia, Workshops, Meetings, Conference Sessions, ...• Travelling Exhibition (Start: 8thMay 2013 in Dublin)• Publications (2 Monographs, Flyer, Conference Papers, BestPractices Guides, ...)• Website http://www.archaeolandscapes.eu(the site will be updated continuously during the 3 coming years of the project)• Grants for Students and Young Researchers to participate inWorkshops, Schools and Conferences
  99. 99. www.archaeolandscapes.euArchaeoLandscapes EuropeRoman-Germanic CommissionThank you very much for your attention

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