urban design project 3

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urban design project 3

  1. 1. PANORAMA Gated community “A new meaning of urban living”STUDENT : Salman AltuwarikiNO. : 428102630SUPER VISOR : DR. Tariq HabibCOURSE : PL470DATE : 2011/ 2012 ( first semester )
  2. 2. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470• SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB  The project area is located in the West side of RiyadhSTUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI city Which is the Second direction of development & extension after the North side in the city. This area has the advantage of being inside the urban limit of  The project site is located in Hejrat Laban  The project total area is 120 Hectare & without setback Riyadh city & the Existence of infastructure & district which is mainly residential district as area 97.6 hectare . It is. Surrounded by two main High ways services . Projet location Development the surrounding districts . Directions Makkah Road & the West ring Road which are High density Roads. In addition to Wadi laban vallyNO. : 42810263 • B A•• 3D view of the contour lines 710 C URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 10 Km 20 Km 30Km 40 Km 50 Km 700 705 (GATED COMMUNITY) 630 Scale 1:5000 Section A - A C B  The project area is located in the intersection of Makah high way & the West Ring Road . It is about 40 Km from King Scale 1:5000 A Section B - B Khalid Airport ( 60 min ) & about 15 Km from The kingdom & Faisaliah towers & about 10 km from King saud university & it  The project area has a gentle slope from is about 8 km form the Diplomatic Quarter . All these west to east side . The difference is 15 locations give the project location the importance . Scale 1:5000 meters (about 1%) Section C - C• Project Location Diplomatic Quarter KSU Faisaliah Tower Kingdom Tower
  3. 3. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470 SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB Geologic formation Soil There are to many pollution factors surrounding the area. starting from the high noise which could reach 87dp & co2 emission from the high 2 ways & The trucks of the water station , also the high voltage towers and The offence car storage which act as a visual pollution . High Voltage tower car storage• Visual pollution Water Station Air pollutionSTUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI 1 Demonstration section  The Geologic formation for the project area is lime stone & the soil is Exposed rocks which is 1 2 considered to be affordable to build on . 1 • Lime stone Silt Sand 2 3NO. : 42810263 5 Makah Road High way Motorcycle activity area usually during the weekend Riyadh climate is extremely hot in summer 3 5 and cold in winter. It is characterized by 7 4 low humidity throughout the year about 6 (10 – 47 ) %, especially in the summer, and the great difference between temperatures during the day and night.•• Water station activity 24/7 A non-paved passage The rate of rainfall between 0 and 9.5 8 centimeters. URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 9 6 7 9 (GATED COMMUNITY) Excellent view axis Good view axis View Angles Activity area Site view Waste dumped into the valley 9 4 10 8 The Optimum Orientation for the buildings acoording to sun movement & heat is to the East & north Side . Also The open spaces should be oriented to receive the likely wind from the North & East- North side & Avoid the wind form the South side . Offence car storage Waste dumped into the• The hanged bridge view Wadi Laban view valley
  4. 4. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470 SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB Land use map Aspects Strength Weakness Opportunities Threats 1- nice view to Wadi Laban 1- Not very nice view to the 1- new projects in the area Visual & The hanged bridge . offence cars storage . could carry on and the aspects project will benefit 1- Mainly Residential use in 1- The existence of the 1- mid-rise development 1-The refuse of mid-rise the area. Water station on the site could be carried out . building from the palaces 2- The location near to the with its heavy trucks 2- build a Characteristic owners. police station. circulation . urban spaces . 2- The Risks from the 3- The closeness of the 2- The co2 emission & noise highways Vehicles around Man made commercial usage. from the high ways Vehicles the site. Land use  The project area currently surrounded by a few aspects 4- the site is virgin . 3- The risk of the water trucks threaten the safety of buildings with a main use of residential & other like a pedestrians in the area. water station & car storage . Building Height map• The strong & continues The big difference between 1- create an urban spaces 1- The high temperature in sunlight could be used in day & night temperatures. with a micro climate to summer & cold in winter . Climate natural lighting & 2- Achieve climatic generating solar energy . convenience to the usersSTUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI from northeastern wind 1- the Characteristic wadi 1- The 50 m setback form 1- the collapse in wadi Environmental & natural Laban topography . the valley limits . Laban limits. aspects topography 2- The site slope is 1% so we can conceder the land as a flat land . 1- The existence of Stray 1- The existence of dogs witch can attack the scorpions and snakes in the  The study area has a low rise building most of Flora & fauna site . area witch can attack the the building are between 1 and 2 floors . 2- There are no trees in the site . • area. Building Material map Land prices misfortune 1- The project area is limited 1- The project can be Economic aspects economically promising to and not expandable . develop in stages. make a profit .NO. : 42810263 1-The location is on active 1-The location can be Circulation aspects high ways . reached from one side 1- the location is nearby 1- There is no Sewerage 1- the rise of the surface Utilities Electricity & water sources network water level . 1. The setback of The valley is 50 m. 7. The total area amount of the streets , parking , 16. Public garden for each 5000 person – in the••  The concrete material is the main used 2. Streets width shouldn’t be less than :- pedestrian paths , Children playgrounds public 17. range of ( 500 – 800 m) with total area material in the study area . A-15m for the main streets. parks must not exceed 33% between ( 5000 to 12350 m2 ). URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 B- 12m for the secondary streets. 8. The slop for pedestrian path must not exceed 18. Children playgrounds – in the range of ( 150 – Building Material map C- 6m for Alleyways. 4% & for car 7% 275 ) – with total area between ( 390 – 540 m2). (GATED COMMUNITY) 3. The total area amount of the street Must not 9. Local mosque for each 1200 person – In the ** SORCES : exceed 20%. range of 275 m – with area (1200 m2 ). 1- Arriyadh Development Authority. 4. Car parking measurements 3*6. 10. Grand mosque for each 3000 person – in In the 2- Ministry of Municipality and Rural Affairs . 5. Driving lane 3.5 m. range of 550 m – with area ( 3600 m2 ). 6. Car parkings :- 11. Imam & moathen homes with a total area of A- For each villa one car parking 500 m2 . B- For apartment one for the main room & 1.5 12. Nursery school for each 1200 p – located in the for each two rooms. range of 275 m - with 480 m2 . C- For the commercial buildings 6 car parkings 13. Boys & Girls Elementary School for each 5000 for every 100m2 D- For the schools one car parking for every 5 13. person – Located in the range of 550 m – with  Most of the study area is in a very good students. area between 8100 to 11000 m2 . condition with a remarkable car storage in a E- For the mosques one car parking for every 5 14. Pedestrian walkways separated from vehicles . bad condition prayers . 15. Small Commercial services•
  5. 5. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470 SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB  Likely wind to be received  Likely wind to be received  The water station to be isolated with a 15 parking lot  This can be an entry for for the trucks services & emergency•  An important Entry to access Makah road with a remarkable  It’s possible to develop a placeSTUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI commercial use in this area to  It’s possible to develop a be served from outside the commercial use in this area to project be served from outside the project  A nice view to Wadi Laban  Water streams to be take care of with an underground • tunnels  The central area should contain the mosque , public area &NO. : 42810263 schools  The 50m setback of Wadi Laban  Trees Screen to reduce the unlikely wind , noise & co2 emission  A nice view to wadi Laban & the hanged  Important entry for the bridge•• project to access the URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 western ring road directly (GATED COMMUNITY)  Should be removed & replaced with the same  Service road with 20m Offence development in wadi Hanifah width for the project entries car storage  Unlikely wind to be avoid  Wadi Hanifah Development pattern•
  6. 6. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470 SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB Architect: GOMMA Design - Location: Taguig – Metro Manila, Philippines - Title: Coral City Type: Competition - Size: 3 ha - Year: 2010 - Status: Energy Award elevation perspective LAND USE  The elevation shows that the project area is not a flat land & it kept as it is . Residential Commercial Day care center perspective Community center Church perspective Waste management• Green Area Master plan  The plan shows that the services are in the sides of the project & the water treatment is kind of isolated . The Green area represent 50% of TheSTUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI project Concepts & Residential Planning pattern Commercial Development stages Schools mosque Green Area Pedestrian Car parking Buildings •  The planning pattern is Cellular theNO. : 42810263  In this case study it is noted that the Disadvantage of this pattern is that it is services are in the sides of the projects  The building’s roofs have a different usage complicated for pedestrian . But Characterized Conclusion & the mosque is in the middle . like a solar water heating & a playground by not allowing vehicles to pass inside the 1- The parking is less than150 m from the for kids project were there is a surrounding parkings buildings witch is a reasonable distance to walk also the area is free from vehicle Crenulation Conclusion Building movement & the buildings could be reached 1- The successful separation between from different directions from the parking . pedestrian & vehicles movement witch•• 2- The pedestrian network is complicated allow to create a safe walkways . without a clear main walkway 2- The successful hierarchy of open spaces between private to public spaces . URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 3- The buildings shape gave up on the optimum direction for the sunlight & the wind 3- All the services can be reached by (GATED COMMUNITY) movement for creating a micro climate . walking. 4- The residential area represent 50 % , 15 % 4- The buildings have privacy problems for services , 25 % Green area & 10 % streets . being near to each other with 6m setback distance. 5- The commercial area in the side of the project serving the project & surrounding 5- The green area represent 50% of the total area . area that’s accomplished by using the 6- Each group of building has its own entry ground floor of the buildings as green areas. witch gives a good control to prevent the 6- The day care center located in central  The site is characterized by separating unwanted visitors .  The residential buildings are well treated for way to be easy to reach & near the shops for the pedestrian & cars . Providing a safe 7- The use of the building roofs for solar water environmental aspects such wind movement , safety . place for residence . Also the cars can heating & kids playground. Sunlight for natural lightning & solar energy . But 7-The use of the building roofs & car parking reach each building . they are close to each other only 6m space Shades for generating solar energy .• between them .
  7. 7. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470 SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB MASTER PLAN Street hierarchy MASTER PLAN Street hierarchy Clusters•STUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI Concept Perspectives Perspectives Urban assembly kit • Urban assembly kitNO. : 42810263 Conclusion Conclusion 1-32 Entries to the neighborhood will make it hard to•• 1- A central area & sub- centers to serve the control & misleading to visitors . Neighborhood with mosques , schools , shops 2- A successful green area hierarchy from private to public URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 & public areas. serving all the neighborhood . 2- The successful separation between (GATED COMMUNITY) 3- An underground streets to afford a continues & safe pedestrian & vehicles movement witch open spaces to walk to the services allow to create a connected safe walkways . Ideas 4-The residential units are different to create a unique 3- Only 4 main Entries to the neighborhood gives a great control & external parking for residential groups. services & visitors . 5- Adopted the design of the buildings with the inner 4- The midrise buildings are too close to the courtyard to it is suitability of the climate . residential buildings witch will cause a privacy 6- The commercial use is separated in a way to serve the problem to the houses . neighborhood only & there is no parking for it also is it not 5- Shaded walkways for pedestrians . accessible from outside witch is not beneficial for such 6- Divide The neighborhood into smaller use. neighborhoods . 7- An organic from gives a natural feeling of planning & helps to reduce the speed of vehicles inside the neighborhood .•
  8. 8. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470  SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB Centralized network determines a safe pedestrian  Planning Unit : walkways  The idea: is to move from any house to the center in a safe walkways without any interruption from car movement.  Pros & Cons : Pros : 1- very safe walkways 2- take advantage of contour lines to• make more views for the units . 3- The accessibility to the center is very easy .STUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI  Site plan Cons : 1-The reputation of the planning pattern could be boring & misleading . 2- The street network is limited in the accessibility . • 3- Too many entrys in some collector roadsNO. : 42810263  The new contour lines : Residential - Attached Residential - detached Residential - apartments•• Center: religious, educational and cultural URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 commercial (GATED COMMUNITY) Water station Public area 705 703 701 699 695 697•
  9. 9. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470 SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB  The respect of Environment & climate  Planning Unit :  The idea: Is to respect the contour lines also to create a planning unit that can deal with extreme hot & dry weather .  Pros & Cons : Pros :• 1- Creating micro Climate for the units . 2- High control of streets which prevent penetration .STUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI 3- the connectivity & continuity of public spaces .  Site plan Cons : 1- Big amount of the area is wasted because of the shape of the units . 2- The pedestrian will cross some Roads • to reach the center . 3- lack of views in the units .NO. : 42810263 Residential - Attached Residential - detached Residential - apartments•• Center: religious, educational and cultural URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 commercial (GATED COMMUNITY) Water station Public area•
  10. 10. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470 SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB  Priority of car movement  Site plan  The idea: Is to create an easy network of streets .  Pros & Cons : Pros : Residential - Attached• 1- Very easy street network. Residential - detached 2- The center is spared like a strip to be near to all kind of residence .STUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI Residential - apartments Cons : Center: religious, 1- Limited walkways for pedestrians educational and cultural 2- threats from the intersections between commercial pedestrians and car movement . Water station • Public areaNO. : 42810263  Planning Unit :  Proposals Evaluation : Criteria Value 1st proposal 2nd proposal 3rd proposal•• Character 8% 5 7 5 URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 Enclosure of space 8% 6 6 6 (GATED COMMUNITY) Clarity of public space 8% 8 8 8 Accessibility and permeability 10% 7 6 8 Legibility 8% 5 5 7 Adaptability 5% 2 3 2 Diversity 8% 4 6 4 Sustainability 10% 7 8 6 Enrich existing built natural 10% 5 8 5 environments Safty 15% 13 12 6 privacy 10% 7 7 6 Total 100% 69 76 63•
  11. 11. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470 SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB   Legend : Residential - villas Residential - duplexes Residential - apartments• Open areasSTUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI Jami Mosques • MosquesNO. : 42810263 commercial Elementary school - girls•• Elementary school - boys URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 (GATED COMMUNITY) Open areas Gym Cultural services Utilities ( electricity , water )•
  12. 12. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470 SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB  Land use ratios : land use Area ( m2 ) Residential- villas 110259.2 Residential - duplexes 172328.1 Residential - apartments 197412.7 commercial 27910.4 Cultural services 30792.5 mosques 19635.6• Open areas 85392.4 schools 13584.4STUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI Streets & Walk ways 207656.6 utilities 5694.7 Legend : Residential - villas • Residential - duplexesNO. : 42810263 Residential - apartments commercial schools Cultural services Mosques•• Open areas URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 Water supplies station (GATED COMMUNITY) Utilities ( electricity , water ) The number of the residential units : category number Residential- villas 175 Residential - duplexes 388 Residential - apartments 1260•
  13. 13. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470  SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB  Details :•STUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI Section ( A – A )NO. : 42810263 • B B Section ( B - B) A•• A URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 (GATED COMMUNITY) Legend : Streets network Pedestrians network Demonstration perspective  The streets network & pedestrian network links all the residential unites to the services with a limited intersection between them . Crossing area•
  14. 14. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470 SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB   This project can afford more Than the minimum requirement  Services in all aspects & provide more  Average population per unit: to insure the comfort of all buyers . Category Average population Residential- villas 6 1050 Residential - duplexes 5 1940 Residential - apartments 4 5040  Total population = 8030 person•  Population density = 8030 / 97.6 = 82.2 per/ha  The required services area :STUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI Minimum optimum Affordable Services Area ( m2 ) Area ( m2 ) area ( m2 ) Cultural 1 3600 1124.2 6571.6 Cultural center 1 services Sports 10000 3212 21355 courts 1 local 5621 5621 12818.1 • mosques Jami 7227 7227 7227 Open 2 gardens 1000 6424 25005.2 areasNO. : 42810263 2 Elementar 4800 12045 8294.1 y boys schools Elementar 3300 8030 5068.9 y girls  The required parking lots :•• URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 Category minimum affordable (GATED COMMUNITY) Residential- villas 175 525 Residential - duplexes 388 776 Residential - apartments 1260 1386 Legend : commercial Mosques Open areas Schools : Cultural services : Utilities ( electricity , water ) 1- Elementary boys 1- Sports courts 2- Elementary Girls 2- Cultural center•
  15. 15. DATE : 2011 / 2012 ( FIRST SEMESTER )- COURSE : PL470  SUPERVISOR : DR. TAREK HABIB  the approach is to create a planning unit which reacts towards the very strong environmental aspects as high temp, sun radiation, percentage of  Section : humidity. in addition to the weakness of social life  To approach that compact pattern used in addition to the innovative membrane structure which will make shade to all units and increase humidity due to the green the area under it, also the membrane will help to circulate the air.  The green area will be watered by grey water of the houses.  These two elements of design will emphasize the social life by giving the feeling of living under one roof 5m 15m 50m  Morphology advantages : Inspiration•  Lightning & Energy Images :STUDENT NAME : SALMAN ALTUWARIKI  Air ventilationNO. : 42810263 •  Duplexes Parcels table : Parcel number Length Width area 1 13.6 13.5 332.8 2 29.4 7.1 337.9 3 39 7.1 410.4•• 4 39 7.1 484 5 34.4 7.1 347 URBAN DESIGN PROJCET 3 6 27.1 7.1 277.7 7 27.1 7.1 277.7 (GATED COMMUNITY) 8 32.7 7.1 344.6 9 32.7 7.1 386.4 10 30.5 7.1 381.4 11 26 7.1 309.8 12 26 7.1 277.5 13 30.5 7.1 309.8 14 32.7 7.1 381.4 15 32.7 7.1 386.4 16 32.7 7.1 344.6 17 27.1 7.1 277.7 18 25 12.3 309.3 19 25 12.3 309.3 20 25 12.3 309.3 21 25 12.3 307.9•

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