Emeliano, Arcel Marie Arreglado BEED – IV
EDUC 125 (LEARNING LOG)
1. How do I get students to pay attention and actively participating?
As a teacher for you to have an active participation from your students,
you need to develop ACTIVE LEARNING in which you teacher should apply a
strategies that not only you are the one who’s involved it should be a strategy
"that involves students in doing things and thinking about the things they
are doing" (Bonwell, C., & Eison, J. (1991).
In addition, to have an active learning teacher can apply these following
strategies such as involving students in well structures questions and answer
sessions in lecture classes in which they can share their ideas and opinions
about the questions given. Also, teacher can have an activity that learners need
to think individually to develop their critical thinking and those ideas that they had
can be shared to others through “think, pair, and share”.
Lastly, through the use of Active learning technique Chickering & Gamson
(1987) states that "Learning is not a spectator sport. Students do not learn much
just sitting in classes listening to teachers, memorizing prepackaged
assignments, and spitting out answers. They must talk about what they are
learning, write reflectively about it, relate it to past experiences, and apply it to
their daily lives. They must make what they learn part of themselves."
2. How do I keep the flow of events moving with smooth and rapid transition?
In order for the teacher to have smooth and rapid flow of events he/ she
must be well – prepared for the lesson that he/she is going to teach. Also being
ready and aware to what should a teacher must do inside the classroom can help
the learners process the information that they must acquire.
In addition, teachers must avoid A “flip-flop” is somewhat like a “dangle”. It
occurs when a teacher is teaching a lesson on one topic, but then inserts
unrelated material from a previous lesson. This act destroys student
concentration, and they are now confused as to where to focus their attention.
Once a lesson has been concluded, and another one begun, avoid reminiscing
back to previous material (except to relate the earlier material directly to this new
subject matter in order to facilitate comprehension). Teachers should avoid
leaving a topic on which the students are focused in order to introduce unrelated
material. Also, Teachers should not allow themselves to be distracted by outside
stimuli, move the class’ attention to that distraction. The students are now off-
task, have trouble re-engaging in the task, and engage in misbehavior. Teachers
also become bound up in the wrong focus when they draw student attention
away from the lesson to make spontaneous announcements or attend to non-
essential conversations with other teachers who walk into the room
3. How do I communicate to students what I expect of them and are my
In order for the teacher to have a good rapport and for him or her to know
what he/she must expect to his/her students and if his/her expectations are
correct, it will all begins on the first day and should be reinforced on a daily basis.
Teachers can use these methods in order for them know what they must
expect (Melissa Kelly, 2014)
1. Get students to sign an “Achievement Contract” at the beginning of the year. The
contract outlines what you expect of them and what they should expect from you.
2. As students work, give them enough time to find answers on their own, providing
only hints and ideas instead of jumping right in to tell them the correct answer.
3. Periodically allow students to express in writing how they think they are doing in
the course and what suggestions they have to make the class better.
4. Speak to students in a positive manner at all times, stressing that you know they
have the ability to learn what you are teaching.
5. Try to get to know your students and allow them to see you as a real person; this
attitude will motivate some of your students to work harder in order to please you.
6. Remain in charge of your students as their teacher, and do not allow yourself to
fall into the trap of trying to be their friend.
7. Make your standards for assignments and activities absolutely clear by telling
students exactly what you expect from them.
8. Make sure you let all students know that they can earn a top grade in your
course if they work hard enough.
9. Promote mastery learning by allowing students to revise assignments that
received low grades.
In addition, Students will have a much better chance to succeed if their
teachers and parents work together. Parents need to know not only what you expect
of their children but also what you expect of them. Teachers must be consistent and
fair at all times in their classroom and you as a teacher will model integrity to your
students. They will better understand what is expected of them if they can see you
living up to your own high expectations. Furthermore, expectations must be
reinforced daily. Sometimes students might need gentle reminders. At other times,
however, you might need to stop the normal course of study to discuss your
expectations for the students. Only through repetition and constant reminders will
students' attitudes change. This reinforcement might seem redundant, but it is well
worth the effort (http://www.netplaces.com/new-teacher/from-expectations-to-
4. How do I build personal relationship with students?
Building personal relationships with students has to do with how the student
perceives how she is treated and how the student perceives the teacher as a
person. Building personal relationship to students is very important to a teacher for
them to gain trust but building that relationship students must feel that they are
treated equal and fare of those opportunities that a teacher gave regardless of their
physical appearance, gender, status, culture and religion.
*In relation to that here are some questions that a teacher can reflect in order
for him/her to build personal relationship to his/her students:
How the student is treated
o Do students feel that they are treated fairly? If not, the relationship is
o Are students treated with respect? Teachers who belittle or embarrass
students are obviously unlikely to gain their affection or their respect.
Treating students with respect starts with recognizing them as individuals
and understanding that they have ideas, opinions and values of their own
(although they do not have right to their own facts.) Treating students
courteously is a form of showing respect. It also tends to prompt courtesy
o Does the teacher re-establish personal contact with a student when there
has been a dispute? The teacher must not be seen as holding a grudge
after a discipline action. The teacher should signal that the relationship
has returned to normal.
o Does the teacher listen to students and feed back their feelings? Letting
students know that you've heard what they said and you understand the
feelings they're expressing helps the teacher understand and lets the
student know that the teacher is making a connection and that she cares
about what the student is feeling.
o Affirm that the student is more important than what they do
o Be open to student feedback
o Send notes to students asking for what you want or expressing
appreciation for improvement
o Offer genuine compliments
o Devote two minutes a day for ten days to building a relationship with a
difficult student without discussing poor classroom behavior
o Use lunch time to ask for behavioral change
o Discuss what is and is not working in class with small groups of students
Characteristics of the teacher
o The teacher's appearance and manner reflects how she feels about
herself and the respect she has for her students.
o A teacher's sense of humor can help reduce tension and demonstrate
confidence. She need not tell jokes nor should she accept being the butt
of jokes, but demonstrating the ability to see humor in everyday situations
can help build bonds with students.
o Sharing personal stories, experiences and anecdotes with students help to
create a connection. They not only can enrich the instruction but they
allow students to see the teacher as a person with experience and
o Use humor to add levity but still get your point across
o Display a photo of yourself at the same age as the students
o Share stories of yourself from when you were a student
Mendler, Allen N., Motivating Students Who Don't Care: Successful Techniques for
Educators. Solution Tree Press, 2000.
Saphier, Jon, Robert Glower. The Skillful Teacher: Building Your Teaching Skills.
Research for Better Teaching, Inc., 1997.
5. How do I deal with very resistant students?
According to the Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, motivation means “the
intention of achieving a goal, leading to goal-directed behavior. Some human activity
seems to be best explained by postulating an inner directing drive;” whereas,
learning is “the process by which a relatively lasting change in potential behavior
occurs as a result of practice or experience” (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia,
2005; Encarta Dictionary: English [North American]). On the other hand, resistant
means having “a force that tends to oppose, or retard motion,” “to withstand,”
“oppose actively, and “fighting against” (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Agnes,
Based on the above understanding of motivation, learning and resistant,
teaching should be goal based, aimed at changing behavior, and establishing lasting
learning experiences. Teachers should also establish positive ways of breaking walls
of resistant learners by “giving a reason to act,” creating “enthusiasm” in the
teaching and learning processes, and tapping into “forces determining behavior,”
such as “biological, emotional, cognitive, or social forces that activate and direct
behavior” (Encarta Dictionary: English [North America]).
In addition, here are the following lists of 7 rules–all don’ts–that will help you
avoid the most common pitfalls, and turn your most difficult students into valued
members of your classroom (Michael Linsin, 2011):
Rule #1: Don’t question. It’s normal for teachers to force explanations from difficult
students as a form of accountability. But asking why and demanding a response
from them almost always ends in resentment. And angry students who dislike their
teacher never improve their classroom behavior.
Rule #2: Don’t argue. When you argue with difficult students, it puts them on equal
footing with you, creating a “your word against theirs” situation. This negates the
effects of accountability. It also opens the floodgates: everybody will be arguing with
Rule #3: Don’t lecture, scold, or yell. Lecturing, scolding, and yelling will cause all
students to dislike you, but when you direct your diatribe toward one particular
student, it can be especially damaging. Creating friction between you and your most
challenging students virtually guarantees that their behavior will worsen.
Rule #4: Don’t give false praise. Teachers often shower difficult students with
praise for doing what is minimally expected. But because these students can look
around at their fellow classmates and know that it’s a sham, false praise doesn’t
work. Instead, give only meaningful, heartfelt praise based on true accomplishment.
Rule #5: Don’t hold a grudge. “Every day is a new day” should be your mantra with
difficult students. They need to know that they have a clean slate to start each day–
and so do you. To that end, say hello, smile, and let them know you’re happy to see
them first thing every morning.
Rule #6: Don’t lose your cool. When you let students get under your skin and you
lose emotional control, even if it’s just a sigh and an eye roll, you become less
effective. Your likeability drops. Classroom tension rises. And when difficult students
discover they can push your buttons, they’ll try as often as they can.
Rule #7: Don’t ignore misbehavior. Given that there is an audience of other
students, ignoring misbehavior will not make it go away. It will only make it worse.
Instead, follow your classroom management plan as it’s written. If a difficult student
breaks a rule, no matter how trivial, enforce it immediately.
6. What does it take to explain things clearly?
For a teacher to explain things clearly it really needs effort, skills, strategies and
patience because you cannot consider and tell that all your students already
understand the lesson, some students are not quick learners and needs guidance
for them to understand things clearly.
But the most important thing for a teacher to explain things clearly he/she must
have a clear and brief instructional
Here are some things that we must take note of whenever we are trying to explain
things to our members or students:
1. Don't speak too fast. The prescribed rate of speech would be 180-200 words per
2. Pronounce and enunciate your words clearly. Stay conscious of how you say
3. Speak clearly. Don’t garble or swallow your words. Move your mouths with effort
and not laxly.
4. Make sure you know something about the subject you are talking about.
5. Be aware that almost everyone has a view, so let them express their points of
view too. Respect what they have to say at the same time incorporate what you
have to say in relation to what our members are saying.
6. Don't waffle or talk foolishly
7. Take your time. As the old Chinese proverb states “Patience is Virtue”
Always keep in mind to think before you speak, don't be discouraged to say what
you feel and remember the three C's: Cool, Calm and Collected. People may be
offended by what you say so be aware. Some people may also think you are a boff
when you say smarty-pants stuff so keep it simple and try not to complicate things
when explaining. Avoid jargons or technical terms. Whenever this is unavoidable do
explain as to what it means.
in the area that cannot cause distractions and harm to your students.
9. How can I vary my teaching style?
My teaching style reflects on what you value in education, what methods you
believe are effective, and how your students learn your subject best.
So here are some teaching styles that we can consider for us to be more
1. Develop your own teaching style - Develop approaches that you are
comfortable with and that maximize student engagement and learning in
2. Consider learning styles and diversify your approach. - Students have
different learning styles. Hence, more students are reached through a diversified
approach to delivering course content. Familiarity with learning style differences will
help you understand implications of your chosen teaching style.
3. Teacher-centered approaches have pros and cons. –
4. Student-centered approaches have pros and cons.
5. A student-centered approach does not undermine the teacher’s
authority role in the classroom. - Learn to find a good balance between your
role as authority/content expert and co-learner/facilitator. Students appreciate teachers
who make the effort to communicate on their level. It is important to find the
appropriate balance of how to present yourself with confidence but also to engage as a
co-learner to minimize faculty-student distance.
6. Consider using technology to diversify teaching approaches. - Think of
different ways to deliver information and different ways to use class time. If students
access prepared lectures outside of class via Blackboard (using Camtasia for voiceover
Powerpoint or Adobe Connect, for example) you can use in-class time to discuss
challenging or interesting information found in the prepared content. On the flip side, if
class time is devoted to lecture, post compelling discussion questions on Blackboard for
students to engage in outside of class. Integrate the Blackboard time into course grading
and class participation rubric.
7. Try new things! - think about your teaching. Whether you are early career faculty
or have been teaching for years, you may want to adjust your teaching style. Ask yourself
questions about how you teach, why you do it that way, and how successfully the
students learn the material.
10. How can I adjust the students learning styles?
For me to adjust the students learning styles I will provide my students
activities that will satisfy and enhance the three learning styles of the student; the
auditory, visual and kinesthetic or tactile learning styles also I will consider whether
my students belong to the analytic or global learners. In addition, I will provide them
aids while teaching that will help them in their learning process whether it is a
general or specific instruction but still those activities must be reliable and valid for
the learners not to learn false ideas.
11. What is my hidden curriculum?
My hidden Curriculum was to develop physical and business education and
student cultures, with attention to messages about race/ethnicity, disability, and
gender/sexual orientation as well as social class, politics, and culture that will help
learners to give awareness about the surrounding where they belong.
School Curriculum - Hidden Curriculum - Messages, Students, Schools, and Political -
12. How do I know what students have really learned?
ASSESSMENT. For me to know that my students really learned I will assess
their learning. We know that the typical multiple-choice and short-answer tests aren't
the only way, or necessarily the best way, to gauge a student's knowledge and
abilities. Many states are incorporating performance-based assessments into their
standardized tests or adding assessment vehicles such as student portfolios and
presentations as additional measures of student understanding. These rigorous,
multiple forms of assessment require students to apply what they're learning to real
world tasks. These include standards-based projects and assignments that require
students to apply their knowledge and skills, such as designing a building or
investigating the water quality of a nearby pond; clearly defined rubrics (or criteria) to
facilitate a fair and consistent evaluation of student work; and opportunities for
students to benefit from the feedback of teachers, peers, and outside experts.
With these formative and summative types of assessment comes the ability to
give students immediate feedback. They also allow a teacher to immediately
intervene, to change course when assessments show that a particular lesson or
strategy isn't working for a student, or to offer new challenges for students who've
mastered a concept or skill (http://www.edutopia.org/comprehensive-assessment-
introduction)(By Edutopia Staff March 16, 2008)..
Through this I will be able to know whether my learners learned from my
lessons or not.
13. How do I build or adjust curriculum for maximum effectiveness?
For me, to build or adjust curriculum for maximum effectiveness I will apply all
the things that a teacher must be done in the classroom and also in the institution. I
must develop a good relationship to both my students and the parents of my
students and also to the people outside and inside the school community for they
are also helping us teachers and the institution to develop and enhance the learning
of my students by giving the classroom that is conducive for students learning