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ARBA’AT HASSAN, PhD. Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia        Cawangan Sabahemail/FB/YM: arbaat@yahoo.com
Exploitation                       Most of these resources are                        exploited, then, WE face problems!!...
Quran: Surah Al-A’Raf: 56              Meaning: “Do not create mischief in the               land after it has been set in...
Quran: Surah Al-Rum: 41                                    APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap Malay...
The Founder of Scouting, Lord Baden Powell, has said about environment:“Environmental study will show you how full of beau...
EDUCATION           How do we overcome these conflicts?            …thru education            Edu is very important in h...
WORDS ON EE The term came with many names like  Nature Study, Outdoor  Education, Outdoor Learning; Outdoor  Recreation; ...
ENVIRONMENT EDU (EE)              What and Why?               What? …is educating people to solve                problems...
What are the goals for EE:              I.   KNOWLEDGE              II. AWARENESS              III. SKILLS              IV...
Sources: Arbaat (1992; 2006; 2010) & Sato (2006)                                                               APR Environ...
INFORMAL EE              Youths and adults (esp. NGOs), like               Scouts (Pengakap), EE is practiced            ...
Appendix A: Environmental               Problems                      ……………………………………………                       ……………………………...
Exploitation             s                        Animal species            Deforestation            Land for agricultu...
Opening of Land   APR Environment Education in Scouting                                          4-7 June 2012
Automobiles   APR Environment Education in Scouting                                      4-7 June 2012
Garbage
Plastic bag   APR Environment Education in Scouting                                      4-7 June 2012
Pollution
PollutionPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah
e-WasteAPR Environment Education in Scouting                        4-7 June 2012
Animal body parts
EE Movement for Scouts    Scoutings    purpose is to contribute to       the development of young people in       achievi...
What can Scouts contribute?                 Understand         and practice ALL EE                  Goals.               ...
How can WE participate?            Always remember motto for environment:            “THINK GLOBALLY, ACT LOCALLY”       ...
Scout Environmental Activities                    Talks—knowledge & experience                    Exhibitions —knowledge...
Fig 1: Environmental talks (Knowledge)                                         APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersek...
Fig 2: Environmental exhibitions                                   (Awareness)                                            ...
Fig 3: Mangrove Tree-planting                                        (Participation)                                      ...
Workshop in howto make compost
Fig 4: Composting using garden wastes                                 (Participation)                                     ...
Fig 5: Beach cleaning-up                                (Awareness & Participation)Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia          ...
Fig 6: Cleaning-up Activities (Awareness &                            Participation)                                      ...
Figure 7 : Colouring contest   APR Environment Education in Scouting                           4-7 June 2012
Persekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah
Figure 8 : Radio talk/quiz                                                    APR Environment Education in ScoutingPerseku...
Environmental Friendly Schools
Recyclin                 g                                APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap Malays...
Persekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah
Educational talk
ACTION STRATEGIES                 Positive:  Action that helps                  improve or maintain the quality of       ...
METHOD OF ACTIONS     PERSUASION: ..when                        POLITICAL: …      someone or a group of                 ...
Exhibition on recycled waste products
CONCLUSION              EE Approach in Scouting adopts holistic               approach              Informal education p...
THANK YOU                                     APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan S...
Acknowledgment   The presenter extends his millions    THANK YOU to Sabah Scout    Association, especially to Datuk Ag   ...
APR 2012 SANDAKAN: The Environmental Edu in Scouting
APR 2012 SANDAKAN: The Environmental Edu in Scouting
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APR 2012 SANDAKAN: The Environmental Edu in Scouting

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Paper presented at Asia Pacific Regional Conference and 100 Years Scouting in Sabah in Sandakan Swiss Inn (June 4-7, 2012)

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APR 2012 SANDAKAN: The Environmental Edu in Scouting

  1. 1. ARBA’AT HASSAN, PhD. Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia Cawangan Sabahemail/FB/YM: arbaat@yahoo.com
  2. 2. Exploitation  Most of these resources are exploited, then, WE face problems!!  Where??? I. AIR II. LAND, and III. WATER APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  3. 3. Quran: Surah Al-A’Raf: 56 Meaning: “Do not create mischief in the land after it has been set in order. Pray to Him with fear and hope. Surely the mercy of Allah is always close to those who do good to others”. APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  4. 4. Quran: Surah Al-Rum: 41 APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  5. 5. The Founder of Scouting, Lord Baden Powell, has said about environment:“Environmental study will show you how full of beautiful and wonderful things God has made the world for you to enjoy. […] Try and leave this world a APR Environment Education in Scouting 4-7 June 2012
  6. 6. EDUCATION How do we overcome these conflicts?  …thru education  Edu is very important in human’s civilization (makes and improves life: status and standard)  Edu is experience in FORMAL (classroom) and INFORMAL (others)  Environmental Education (EE) can be either or both. APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  7. 7. WORDS ON EE The term came with many names like Nature Study, Outdoor Education, Outdoor Learning; Outdoor Recreation; Adventure Education; Adventure Therapy; Camping; Conservation Education, Community Education, Environmental Management Education, Environmental Education, … Near 50 words are used as a synonym either each, single, or combination to indicate Environmental Education (Hungerford 1980; 1983; Disinger 1985/86; Arbaat 1992;
  8. 8. ENVIRONMENT EDU (EE) What and Why?  What? …is educating people to solve problems (occur due to their conflicts from interaction with environment).  UNESCO (1978), from The Belgrade Charter (1975) and Tblisi Declaration (1977) during the Commonwealth Ministers of Education Conferences recommended FOUR (4) goals of environmental education. APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  9. 9. What are the goals for EE: I. KNOWLEDGE II. AWARENESS III. SKILLS IV. PARTICIPATION These goals are practiced in education, either FORMAL or/and INFORMAL. Goals are revised, enhanced, and elaborated thru conferences by UNESCO. APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  10. 10. Sources: Arbaat (1992; 2006; 2010) & Sato (2006) APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  11. 11. INFORMAL EE  Youths and adults (esp. NGOs), like Scouts (Pengakap), EE is practiced INFORMAL way (outside school syllabus).  The teaching is informal (both TIME and GRADES are NOT emphasized).  “Students” learn at their own time.  Lately, Environmental Education (EE) has infused in and a part of the learning process. APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  12. 12. Appendix A: Environmental Problems  …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… …………………………………………… APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  13. 13. Exploitation s  Animal species  Deforestation  Land for agriculture  Humans species  Residential housing  Pollutions:  Shop houses land, water, and air  Wastes---solid/  Factories toxic/air/e-waste  Recreation parks • Power generated  Townships • Global warming  Highways •Nuclear  Airports • Genetics • Tsunami APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  14. 14. Opening of Land APR Environment Education in Scouting 4-7 June 2012
  15. 15. Automobiles APR Environment Education in Scouting 4-7 June 2012
  16. 16. Garbage
  17. 17. Plastic bag APR Environment Education in Scouting 4-7 June 2012
  18. 18. Pollution
  19. 19. PollutionPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah
  20. 20. e-WasteAPR Environment Education in Scouting 4-7 June 2012
  21. 21. Animal body parts
  22. 22. EE Movement for Scouts  Scoutings purpose is to contribute to the development of young people in achieving their full physical, intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual potentials as individuals, as responsible citizens and as members of their local, national and international communities. APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  23. 23. What can Scouts contribute?  Understand and practice ALL EE Goals.  Participate in INFORMAL way but do obey Scouts Promise and Law  Do things together voluntarily.  Do it effectively and consistently.  Think globally but do it locally! APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  24. 24. How can WE participate? Always remember motto for environment: “THINK GLOBALLY, ACT LOCALLY”  Share Knowledge  Promote to community: Guide, practice and awareness (3R; recycling program)  Tree planting plans  Garbage starts from home  Joint help with local NGOs: Scout Association, World Wildlife Fund (WWF); Malaysia Nature Society, Lion Club, Rotary Club, District Environment Club, TV3, Local/State Wildlife Department, etc. APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  25. 25. Scout Environmental Activities  Talks—knowledge & experience  Exhibitions —knowledge, experience & skills  Workshop—knowledge, experience & skills  Demonstration—all  Seminars —knowledge, experience & expertise  Projects—raise fund or volunteer  Tree planting—ecology  Beach cleaning—health  Media (Radio-TV talk)—awareness and participation APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  26. 26. Fig 1: Environmental talks (Knowledge) APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap Malaysia 4-7 June 2012Cawangan Sabah
  27. 27. Fig 2: Environmental exhibitions (Awareness) APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  28. 28. Fig 3: Mangrove Tree-planting (Participation) APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  29. 29. Workshop in howto make compost
  30. 30. Fig 4: Composting using garden wastes (Participation) APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  31. 31. Fig 5: Beach cleaning-up (Awareness & Participation)Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia APR Environment Education in ScoutingCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  32. 32. Fig 6: Cleaning-up Activities (Awareness & Participation) APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  33. 33. Figure 7 : Colouring contest APR Environment Education in Scouting 4-7 June 2012
  34. 34. Persekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah
  35. 35. Figure 8 : Radio talk/quiz APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  36. 36. Environmental Friendly Schools
  37. 37. Recyclin g APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  38. 38. Persekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah
  39. 39. Educational talk
  40. 40. ACTION STRATEGIES  Positive: Action that helps improve or maintain the quality of environment  Negative: Action that decreases the quality of environment  Passive: It is called “No Action”… that neither supports or hurts environment APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  41. 41. METHOD OF ACTIONS  PERSUASION: ..when  POLITICAL: … someone or a group of bring pressure on people convince others political or that certain source of action is correct governmental agencies and/or  CONSUMERISM: individuals …philosophy of buying or not buying;  ECOMANAGEMENT: boycotting and …any physical refusing to buy certain action taken with products in market respect to environment APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  42. 42. Exhibition on recycled waste products
  43. 43. CONCLUSION  EE Approach in Scouting adopts holistic approach  Informal education plays complementary role to the formal education in school.  The informal is another way of learning but should utilize all goals as recommended by UNESCO  It recognizes that it can only make a contribution to the young people.  It will promote the Earth to be the best and suitable environment for us to live. APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  44. 44. THANK YOU APR Environment Education in ScoutingPersekutuan Pengakap MalaysiaCawangan Sabah 4-7 June 2012
  45. 45. Acknowledgment The presenter extends his millions THANK YOU to Sabah Scout Association, especially to Datuk Ag Zaini Suntim (Sabah Chief Scout and Acting Malaysia Chief Scout) in sponsoring his flight, accommodation, and trip to making the this paper presentation possible at the Asia Pacific Conference and Sabah 100th Year Scout Anniversary in Sandakan, Sabah (April 4-7, 2012). Thank you very much Datuk.

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