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WCES-01 2009 CYPRUS: Non-Formal EE in Sabah (Vuni Hall)

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This paper was delivered at World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES) in Nicosia, Cyprus February 2009

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WCES-01 2009 CYPRUS: Non-Formal EE in Sabah (Vuni Hall)

  1. 1. FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA WORLD CONFERENCE ONWORLD CONFERENCE ON EDUCATIONAL SCIENCESEDUCATIONAL SCIENCES (WCES)(WCES) Near East University,Near East University, Nicosia, CyprusNicosia, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009February 3-7, 2009 1
  2. 2. HI FROM SABAH, MALAYSIA!HI FROM SABAH, MALAYSIA! FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA World Conference on Educational Sciences 3-7 February 2009 2
  3. 3. 3 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  4. 4. A SCENARIO OF NON-FOR A SCENARIO OF NON-FOR ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION (EE) ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION (EE) ON ADULTS ON ADULTS IN SABAH, MALAYSIA IN SABAH, MALAYSIA DR. ARBA’AT HASSAN SUSAN PUDIN Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia email: arbaat@yahoo.com 4 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  5. 5. OVERVIEWOVERVIEW UNESCOUNESCO ... “a... “a process aimed to develop world citizens that are aware of and concerned about the total environment and problems (knowledge, attitudes, motivations, commitments and skills.)” This citizen works individually and collectively towards solving the problems and preventing/minimizing new one. 5 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  6. 6. Objectives Actions Knowledge To help social groups and individuals gain a variety of experience in, and acquire a basic understanding of, the environment and its associated problems. Awareness To help social groups and individuals acquire an awareness of and sensitivity to the total environment and its allied problems. Skills To help social groups and individuals acquire the skills for identifying and solving environmental problems. Participation To provide social groups and individuals with an opportunity to be actively involved at all levels in working towards the resolution of environmental problems. Sources: Arbaat (2006) & Sato (2006) 6 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  7. 7. Teachers’ Edu Division introduced EE in all teachers’ training colleges in Malaysia (1995): The pre-service teacher edu program (adults) compulsory Teachers’ Training Diploma, and Post Graduate Diploma in teaching course, Tertiary (degree) level, The universities Produce experts in environment-related fields. ADULTS FORMAL EEADULTS FORMAL EE 7 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  8. 8. METHODOLOGYMETHODOLOGY Literature review on non-formal environmental education for adults locally and globally; Collection of secondary data from a compilation of case studies by the Science and Technology Unit; and Collection of primary data from the Environment Protection Department (EPD) Institute for Development Studies (Sabah), Malaysia 8 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009
  9. 9. DATA AND FINDINGSDATA AND FINDINGS Case Study A: Scenario Non-Formal EE for Adults (Various Org in 2002) Five evaluation criteria are  Effectiveness  Efficiency  The Impact  The Relevance  Sustainability 9 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  10. 10. Evaluation Effective (%) Efficient (%) Impact (%) Relevant (%) Sustainable (%) Yes 91.7 75.0 33.3 100.0 50.0 No 8.3 16.7 - - - Difficult to assess - 8.3 - - 8.3 Not direct - - 16.7 - - No significant impact observed - - 33.3 - - Unknown - - 16.7 - 41.7  Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Table 1: Evaluation Results of 12 Campaigns in Percentage 10 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  11. 11. i. Nearly 92% campaigns = effective. ii. 75% campaigns = efficient (but needs further enhancement to improve quality). iii. 33% campaigns = permanent impact in the society. iv. All campaigns = relevance and importance to beneficiaries and stakeholders. v. About 50% campaigns = benefited to stakeholders. RESULTS 11 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  12. 12. Case Study B: Non-Formal Adults EE (Envt Protection Dept Sabah) The adult target groups:  general public,  community residents,  government officers,  religious groups,  head of villages,  village committees, and  lecturers. Public awareness on environmental protection and roles of the Dept = increased. 12 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  13. 13. Case Study B: (1999-Aug 2008) Implemented EE activity for adults = mostly environmental talks. The Environment Protection Dept = implemented more non-formal activities for adults but talks and exhibitions are increasing trend and most invited. 13 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  14. 14. Fig 1: Environmental talks (Knowledge) Institute for Development Studies (Sabah), Malaysia 14 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009
  15. 15. Fig 2: Environmental exhibitions (Awareness) Institute for Development Studies (Sabah), Malaysia 15 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009
  16. 16. Other Environmental Activities (1999-2008)  Mangrove Race  Tree / Mangrove Planting  Paper making using recycled paper  Radio Talks  Photography Contest  Cleaning up activities  River Survey  Launching events  Awareness through newspaper articles  Envt’l Friendly Schools Ceremony  Envt’l Friendly Schools Road-show Institute for Development Studies (Sabah), Malaysia 16 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009
  17. 17. Fig 3: Mangrove Tree-planting (Participation) Institute for Development Studies (Sabah), Malaysia 17
  18. 18. Fig 3: Mangrove Tree-planting (Participation) 18 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  19. 19. Fig 4: Composting using garden wastes (Participation) Institute for Development Studies (Sabah), Malaysia 19 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009
  20. 20. Fig 5: Beach cleaning-up (Awareness & Participation) 20 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  21. 21. Fig 6: Cleaning-up Activities (Awareness & Participation) Institute for Development Studies (Sabah), Malaysia 21 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009
  22. 22. Figure 7 : Colouring contest 22 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009
  23. 23. Figure 8 : Paper Making 23 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009
  24. 24. Figure 8 : Radio talk/quiz 24 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  25. 25. Environmental Friendly Schools 25
  26. 26. CONCLUSIONCONCLUSION  The different mode of EE learning: i. Setting =learning envt is outside education formal. ii. Structure of learning =flexible but interesting. iii. Programme structure =flexible. iv. Method =interesting (direct to nature, e.g.: fauna and flora). Institute for Development Studies (Sabah), Malaysia 26 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009
  27. 27. Environmental Education Centres:  zoos,  forest,  landfills,  recycling centres,  wildlife sanctuaries,  rehabilitation centres,  water treatment plants, and  mangrove re-planting plans. 27 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA
  28. 28. THANKYOUTHANKYOU 28 World Conference on Educational Sciences (WCES, Cyprus February 3-7, 2009 FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

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