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UNRI 2007 PEKANBARU: CHANGING CITIZEN BEHAVIOR

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This paper was presented at Universitas Negeri Riau (UNRI) on CHANGING CITIZEN’S BEHAVIOR THROUGH THE INNOVATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION LEARNING ON THE ISSUE OF PLASTIC BAGS in May 2007.

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UNRI 2007 PEKANBARU: CHANGING CITIZEN BEHAVIOR

  1. 1. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 1 SEMINAR PENDIDIKAN SERANTAUSEMINAR PENDIDIKAN SERANTAU IIIIII FKIP UNRI-FPEND UKMFKIP UNRI-FPEND UKM May 2-3, 2007May 2-3, 2007 Universitas Riau, PekanbaruUniversitas Riau, Pekanbaru
  2. 2. CHANGING CITIZEN’S BEHAVIORCHANGING CITIZEN’S BEHAVIOR THROUGH THE INNOVATION OFTHROUGH THE INNOVATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATIONENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION LEARNING ON THE ISSUE OFLEARNING ON THE ISSUE OF PLASTIC BAGSPLASTIC BAGS Arba’at HassanArba’at Hassan Universiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Email/FB/YM: arbaat@yahoo.comEmail/FB/YM: arbaat@yahoo.com Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 2
  3. 3. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 3
  4. 4. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 4 I. Introduction  Plastics…used in all aspects of our life activities; from the  cheapest most expensive  simplest  most sophisticated.  Our world seems to be wrapped in plastics  This paper concerns on the plastic shopping bags (HDPE=High Density Polyethylene and LDPE=Low Density Polyethylene)
  5. 5. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 5 (HDPE)
  6. 6. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 6 (LDPE)
  7. 7. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 7 …food containers
  8. 8. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 8 A.A. EnvironmentEnvironment I. Littering; II. Waste disposal; III. WildlifeI. Littering; II. Waste disposal; III. Wildlife I. LLittering  Studies: plastic bag litters are the top 20 items counted.  Australia Beautiful Campaign (1988/99) …plastic bags comprised 2% of litter collected.  …very visible component in many areas.
  9. 9. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 9 …along highway …waterway
  10. 10. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 10 …wind litter
  11. 11. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 11 coastal areacoastal area beach
  12. 12. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 12 Pencala River, Malaysia Thames River,  England
  13. 13. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 13 …floating plastics
  14. 14. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 14 A. EnvironmentA. Environment II. Waste Disposal  Plastic bags:… significant pollutant.  Majority plastic bags are disposed in landfills.  Australia: 75% of people surveyed reused shopping bags as “free” bin liners.
  15. 15. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 15  from litterbins end up at landfill
  16. 16. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 16 …black plastic bags
  17. 17. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 17 …landfill
  18. 18. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 18  Plastic bags clogged drains, waterways; threaten environment and urban areas.  1988 & 1998: major factors resulting severe flooding in Dhaka, Bangladesh.  Demand: complete ban on using plastic bags, as early in 2002 A. EnvironmentA. Environment II. Waste Disposal
  19. 19. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 19 …clogged drains
  20. 20. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 20 2003
  21. 21. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 21 III. Wildlife  Floating plastic bags are the most common man-made litters reported by sailors at sea.  Plastics contributed >80 % of total maritime pollutions.  They result in marine life: through entanglement, ingestion, and suffocation. A. EnvironmentA. Environment
  22. 22. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 22  turtles  bird
  23. 23. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 23 I. Landfill  Public concern related to plastic bags is ‘bad.’  Landfill becomes a ‘place’ that some people search for re-useable, re- cycleable, or resalable materials.  Landfill is NOT healthy for humans.  Still, we find people and/or animals search for things. B. Social Issues I. Landfill, II. Economy, III. Attitudes
  24. 24. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 24  animal  people 
  25. 25. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 25 B. Social Issues II. Economy  Plastic garbage can get caught in the propeller shafts or block water intakes in the boats.  The caught and blockage will cause expensive repairs and loss of income, while vessels are being repaired.
  26. 26. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 26 B. Social Issues III. Attitudes  Plastic bags are widely and conveniently used.  Majority of consumers use at least one new plastic bag per day.
  27. 27. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 27 ROLES AND INNOVATIVE TEACHING Environmental education  …a interdisciplinary approach  emphasizes on nature-human inter- relationship  involving citizens at all ages  a participant-centered that allows involvement in the choice of issues and problem-solving solutions
  28. 28. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 28 Goals (UNESCO)  Level 1: Knowledge/Ecological Foundation  Goal 2: Awareness of Issues & Values  Goal 3: Issue Investigation & Evaluation  Goal 4: Action skills & Participation
  29. 29. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 29 Goals of envt’l education (UNESCO) Level 1: Knowledge/Ecological Foundation  Provides sufficient knowledge on ecology  Allows him/her to make ecological decisions with respect to environment  Goal 2: Awareness of Issues & Values  Develop high degree of awareness  Action and influence between life and the quality of environment
  30. 30. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 30 Level 3: Issue Investigation & Evaluation  Develop skills to investigate environmental issues  Evaluate alternative solutions for remediating the environmental issues Goal 4: Action skills & Participation  Develop skills to take positive environmental actions  Achieves and maintains equilibrium between life and quality of environment
  31. 31. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 31 INNOVATIVE OF TEACHING  Application of problem-based learning  Interdisciplinary of relevant areas (sciences, social sciences, etc.)  Applies science processes and scientific skills (hands-on investigation)  Decisions and actions based on values (e.g.: law, environmental, political, religion, cultural, +ve participations, economical, etc.
  32. 32. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 32 III. Conclusions  Issues related to plastic bags are popular to consumers and retailers (coz:..useful, multi-purpose functional, lightweight, strong, cheap, convenience, and easy way of transporting goods). used in every single activity, everyday, from the simplest  sophisticated, the cheapest  expensive).
  33. 33. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 33 III. Conclusions ..  Despite popularity, plastic bags appears to be ‘bad.’  Certain issues of concerned by public are a. environment, b. health, and c. social  Alternative ways to minimize problems associated with plastic wastes, known as “5R-approach” i.e.: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, React, and Reject.
  34. 34. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 34 III. Conclusions … Reduce: minimize the use of plastic bags. Reuse: plastic bags are used over and over, over time (make sure the hygienity). Recycle: collect, process, remanufacture, and market plastic bags in their original or new forms. React: respond to retailers and manufacturers about the products. Reject: refuse to accept to use plastic bags.
  35. 35. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 35 IV. Recommendations .  An integrated approach…likely to be the most effective way in tackling problems arise from plastic shopping bags.  The approach needs full supported by the industries, retailers, consumers, government and non-government organizations, and importantly…. the PUBLIC
  36. 36. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 36  Educate public: practice good behaviors (…handle proper plastic bag disposals).  Instill awareness (…provide public with positive attitudes).  Provide positive skills+prevent negative behavior (… apply appropriate waste disposal behavior=anti-littering).  Recommend+Participate positive actions (…littering and consumer behavior). IV. Recommendations ..
  37. 37. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 37 IV. Recommendations … LDPE  Enforce legislative options and scopes.  Conduct extensive research on all aspects, recommend goods and bad of plastic bags. The true effectiveness in solving problems arise from plastic bags usage is not complete, however. The alternatives are sought, suggested and recommended, but the issues are still far from ending. Thus, the problems caused by using plastic bags are still on …
  38. 38. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 38 LDPE bags  Researches on LDPE plastic bags issues  The National Plastic Bags Working Group 2002 has identified four main areas of concern related to plastic shopping bags.  They are i. plastic shopping bags littering, ii. resource consumption issues, iii. plastic degradability issues, and iv. social issues
  39. 39. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 39 IV. Recommendations ..  Encourage consumers and retailers to shift to multi-use and longlife bags (thru education, awareness programs, alternatives use of plastic bags, and making collection information available to the public).  Increase campaigns on reusable plastic bags (governments, non-government organizations, retailers, and consumers).  Promote marine and land-based awareness, skills, and participation on littering, and pollution.
  40. 40. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 40  Develop+Implement current and future national best practice of waste management.  Alternative using other type of plastic bags: degradable.  Degradable: … is incorporated with certain chemical that is  photo-degradable or  bio-degradable or  chemically treatable.
  41. 41. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 41 RECYCLING SYMBOLS FOR PLASTICS
  42. 42. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 42
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  48. 48. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 48
  49. 49. Thursday, August 21, 2014 Seminar Pendidikan Serantau III UKM-UNRI 49 THANK YOU for your attention

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