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Managing waste in large apartments

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This was presented at Daily Dump on 19th Feb 2011 during a waste awareness and management programme. It highlights the challenges faced in managing waste in large apartments and how it is important for the builder to incorporate a total waste management facility at the design stage. Many apartments are fitted with garbage chutes which have proved to be a barrier to segregation of garbage at source (experience at Brigade Millennium Mayflower, JP Nagar, Bangalore).

  • Great effort and great deed ma'am..I wish more updates on this portal.
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  • Happy to say that the chute at Brigade Millennium Mayflower is now closed.
    Currently the following is the system of waste collection and disposal:
    Segregated waste (compostable wet waste, cattle edible wet waste, dry waste, bio-medical waste) is collected door to door.
    Wet waste is sent to a nearby site where it is composted/ cattle shed for cattle to eat.
    Dry waste undergoes secondary and tertiary segregation and sold to recyclers.
    Bio-medical and non-recyclable dry waste is given to the BBMP collection auto.
    E-waste is collected separately and given to an e-waste collector.
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  • Very Informative and hope many apartments will try to segregate waste for a safer environment :)...appreciate your efforts for the betterment of society.
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Managing waste in large apartments

  1. 1. Arathi Manay Daily Dump19th February 2011
  2. 2. Waste management challengesHandling roadblocks, finding potentialsolutions Using a real-life example Brigade Millennium Mayflower in JP Nagar 7th Phase Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  3. 3. The System – Waste collection and disposalsystem established by the builderResponsibility of managing the garbageVolume generatedTypes of garbage, SegregationBBMP involvementAttitude of residents Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  4. 4. Garbage bagsChute, through 15 floors… chute room An investment made by the developer to give apartments the luxury of convenient disposal involves considerable set up costs (pump, hydraulic doors, etc.) Regular maintenance costsHousekeeping staff not a part of household thewaste-disposal system Except for cleaning the chute room Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  5. 5. Garbage handling – the responsibility of theManagement Committee Tenants – more than half the occupantsVolume generated is huge At Mayflower with 220 flats, about 300 kg a dayMixed-up waste Garbage bags burst open with the fall Reusable, recyclable, hazardous waste goes to landfills Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  6. 6. BBMP does not collect garbage from apartments We need to make our own arrangements Hire a BBMP-licensed contractor to carry the waste to landfills Manage the waste within our own premisesResidents want the comforts that they paid forwhen they bought the flat They pay a maintenance fee so that their waste is managed by others High turnover rate of maids and tenants Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  7. 7. Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  8. 8. Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  9. 9. Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  10. 10. Where?Where ever the contractor is allowed forthe dayNo fixed placeDumping site changes frequentlydepending on social pressures Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  11. 11. Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  12. 12. Dry waste segregation was introduced in BMMayflower in Nov 2008 through the‘Blue Drum’ campaignDoor-to-door visits – segregation guide,training of maids, house-keeping staff, securityVoluntary – no penalty for non-compliance Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  13. 13. Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  14. 14. Blue drumsCollected dailyby house-keepingTransportedto basementSecondarysegregationSold to recyclersProceeds kept for the staff Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  15. 15. ReinforcementRetraining new maids, residents Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  16. 16. E-waste kept separately Collected by Ash recyclersArathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  17. 17. 80007000 Average per month6000 Over 26 months50004000300020001000 0 Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  18. 18. 300 Average per month250200150100 50 0 Average monthly income – Rs 1,000/- Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  19. 19. Segregation done by some residents, but notadequateLots of dry waste still going down the chuteWet waste still going to landfills Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  20. 20. Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  21. 21. The main roadblock – the chute The chute = roadside dustbin Anything-anytime-anyhow disposalControl usage of the chute to housekeeping(maybe use it to move some of the dry waste tothe basement)Close the chute to residentsDoor-to-door collection (as is done in mostresidential apartments) Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  22. 22. Send purely wet waste (kitchen waste) tolandfillsHandle it in the vicinity – after all it is 70%waterDifferent options evaluated Scale-able to 220-250 homes No need for large expenditure Low running expenses Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  23. 23. An experimental modelComposting In a specially-designed trolley On the terrace – good wind flow, sheltered from rain and direct sunCattle-shed Cattle edible food Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  24. 24. Composting Trolley Metal 4’ l x 3’ w x 3’ h Capacity 500 kg Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  25. 25. Compost in 50-odd daysOne trolley can serve 220 homes for about 10days, after which it can be reused after about 50days 5 such trolleys would be requiredIf cattle-edible items are sent to the cattle shed 2 trolleys would suffice Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  26. 26. Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  27. 27. I can throw anything, anyhow, anytimeSomeone else will clean it upAnd I will pay them for doing it Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  28. 28. Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  29. 29. Needs bagging of the waste thus increasingplastic usageUntied bags and non-bagged wet wastesplutters the chute and the roomRegular maintenance, cleaning required Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  30. 30. Grease and garbage sludge accumulates alongthe chute – fire hazardAttracts roaches, flies, snakesUntreated waste lying for more than 24hrs Is a health hazard Causes foul odour everywhere near the chute roomUnhygienic for garbage collecting workers andresidents who visit basement Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  31. 31. Dry waste – Blue drumsE-waste – RecyclersEPS/Thermacol – collected and disposedseparatelyCattle-edible waste segregated by about 40volunteer homes Collected door-to-door everyday around noon Sent to cattle shedGarden waste – composting trolleysThe rest – down the chute and garbage truck Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  32. 32. The System put in place by the builder is theone that gets accepted, by defaultChanging the system to be environmentallyfriendly is a big challengeGET IT RIGHT THE FIRST TIMEEnforcement of rules (like segregation) by anauthority (BBMP) is essentialVoluntary effort by residents is not realistic toexpect Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  33. 33. Refrain from inclusion of chutes in buildings in IndiaDesignate an area for waste management at thedesign stage On the ground, basement, rooftop or combination of these Depending on the nature of the project – the total ground area, area around the building, number of flats, height of building, etc.Highlight the waste management area ‘Facility’ – just as STP, generator back-up, etc. ‘Green initiative’ – at par with solar power, rain water harvesting, etc. Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  34. 34. Brigade (builders) have earmarked a site thatcan be used for waste management by all theblocks of Brigade MillenniumWE WILL BE ABLE TO HANDLE THEWASTE WHERE IT IS GENERATED.BBMP is set to enforce segregation-at-source inPuttenahalli by insisting that apartment wastebe segregated before it leaves the premisesMAYBE THE CHUTE WILL BE FORCED TO CLOSE. Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011
  35. 35. Thank You Arathi Manay, Daily Dump, 19th February 2011

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