Topics• Lübeck• Map of Lübeck• Means of transport• How students travel to school• Air pollution – 2012 – 2011• Noise pollution• The noises of Lübeck• Encouraging reasons to travel sustainably• Future plans• How sustainable is our region? – Person transport – Distribution of passenger transport
Lübeck• located in the north of Germany: Schleswig- Holstein (SH)• at the coast of Baltic sea• Largest German baltic port ships to Scandinavia, Russia, Baltic states• European route E 47: important highway from Lübeck via Copenhagen, Denmark to Sweden• Only commercial airport in SH• Lübeck-Hamburg railway: one of the most important mainline railways of SH and Hamburg
LübeckTravemünde (Sea)Center (Townhall)Our School
Means of transport• Airport Blankensee• Train station• Bus station• Bicycle paths• Ferry• Car• Taxi
How students travel to school• Often pretty difficult/time-consuming to go by bus• Some parents take their kids by car• Most of the students go by bike• Some walk• No school bus to our school
How students travel to school…100.00% 80.00% 90.00% 70.00% 80.00% 60.00% 70.00% grade 3/4 grade 3/4 50.00% 60.00% grade 5/6/7 grade 5/6/7 50.00% 40.00% grade 8/9/10 grade 8/9/10 40.00% 30.00% 30.00% 20.00% 20.00% 10.00% 10.00% 0.00% 0.00% … in summer … in winterFor this study 198 persons from our school and an elementary school hasbeen questioned.
The school way 80.00%60.00% 70.00%50.00% 60.00%40.00% 50.00%30.00% 40.00% grade 3/4 grade 3/420.00% 30.00% grade 5/6/7 grade 5/6/7 20.00% grade 8/9/1010.00% grade 8/9/10 10.00% 0.00% 0.00% 1 to 5 min 5 to 15 15 to 30 longer 1 to 2 km 2 to 5 km 5 to 10 km longer min min School way distance Time they need for their school way For this study 198 persons from our school and an elementary school has been questioned.
Air Pollution• Federal Office for agriculture, environment and rural areas is in charge of the control of our air pollution• In Lübeck there are 2 permanent checkpoints• 2011 – Low air pollutant emissions – Limit values for Particulates were not exceeded – Limit values for annual average concentration of nitrogen dioxide were exceeded• Carbon monoxide is not measured too low pollutions since 2009• Lübeck is the 17th cleanest city (of 42 tested cities) in Germany
Particulate limit 2012 • Limit value: over 50 days exceeded • Limit value: over 35 days exceeded • Limit value: over 25 days exceeded • Limit value: up to 25 days exceeded
Particulate limit 2011 • Limit value: over 50 days exceeded • Limit value: over 35 days exceeded • Limit value: over 25 days exceeded • Limit value: up to 25 days exceeded
Noise Pollution• Lübeck : – traffic • Not as loud as in e.g. Rom, car horns are less used • Now: official project running about noise pollution results in February 2013 – airplanes • Small airport in Blankensee (southern part in Lübeck) • But no flights in the night – trains • Lübeck Central Station busiest of all the railway stations in Schleswig-Holstein ships • not directly in Lübeck Travemünde • Scandinavian quay: biggest German ferry port more than 130 departures per week
The noises of Lübeck 55 dB (A)to 60 dB (A) 60 dB (A)to 65 dB (A) 65 dB (A) to 70 dB (A) 70 dB (A) to 75 dB (A) 75 dB (A) to 80 dB (A) Over 85 dB (A) Thomas-Mann-Schule
Encouraging reasons to travel sustainably• To save our environment• Protect wildlife (less wildlife accidents with bikes than cars)• Stay fit go by bike• Cheaper (using bikes instead of cars) save gas save money• No traffic jams save time• Better conscience about economy
Future plans• Expansion of – federal highways – Highways (A20) – Rail network• Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link• There‘s a discussion about the transport of asbestos and toxic waste to Schleswig-Holstein
How sustainable is our region? Person transport• Bus – You can reach everything by bus – “Hybrid”- bus (electro)• Train – Big train system DB “Deutsche Bahn”• Car – Nevertheless many people going by car – “Cars to rent” there are car rental services, you can rent a car for days or weeks• Bike – statistics especially students go to school by bike
Distribution of passenger transport in Northern GermanyTransport 1960 2010modesCar, motorbike 64% 73%Train 16% 7%Bus, tram, 19% 7%undergroundrailAircraft 1% 13%