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FOSS in Education


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FOSS in Education

  1. 1. FOSS in Education A Strategy to support ICT Services for Education Presented by: John J. Macasio September 6, 2006
  2. 2. FOSS <ul><li>Free Licensed </li></ul><ul><li>Open </li></ul><ul><li>Source </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul>
  3. 3. Presentation <ul><li>The Coverage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some global perspectives to consider in seeing FOSS as a strategic component in building up ICT services in education. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implication to instruction and teacher in-service training of FOSS software development framework and licensing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stable FOSS projects to build competencies of teachers and students, and to implement ICT solutions that support service strategy of education. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. FOSS is bigger than LINUX <ul><li>An Infocommunications Technology (ICT) solution development framework –project management, organization, requirements, standards, workflow, contributors, coding, testing, release, and support. </li></ul><ul><li>A licensing agreement on how product is distributed, shared, attributed, changed, supported, and marketed. </li></ul><ul><li>A collection of software and document freely shared in the Internet. </li></ul>
  5. 5. FOSS is bigger than LINUX <ul><li>An ICT project supported by a community of nationalities, ICT users and developers, corporate sponsors, educational institutions, and advocacy groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides the open standard that allow the users to control their data. </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to build infocommunications technology solutions without re-inventing the wheel , and close the digital divide . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Open Source Project <ul><li>Infocommunications technology solution that respond to a community defined requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>Software and documentations that can be accessed freely . </li></ul><ul><li>Source code that is available and can be altered to suit users needs . </li></ul><ul><li>Software that can be re-distributed freely without violating copyright. </li></ul><ul><li>Derivative work is freely encourage to improve or localize the solution . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Open Standard Collaboration <ul><li>Data standard insures interopertatibility when business and education become “e”. Inside the web, data and documents are the means for integration and global sharing. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Standard Organizations for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
  9. 9. FOSS-Collaborative Project <ul><li>Software Solution Repository </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sourceforge.Net </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eduforge.Net </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freshmeat.Net </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linux.Org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project Documentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Linux Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Open Office Documentation </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Project Repository
  11. 11. Index of FOSS Project http:// /
  12. 12. Education Project
  13. 13. Resource Site
  14. 14. Open Documentation http:// /
  15. 15. Documentation Project http:// /
  16. 16. FOSS as Empowerment <ul><li>Right to use </li></ul><ul><li>Right to modify </li></ul><ul><li>Right to redistribute </li></ul><ul><li>Right to study </li></ul><ul><li>Right to innovate and create </li></ul>
  17. 17. FOSS Licensing Framework <ul><li>Free Software Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul>
  18. 18. General Public License
  19. 19. Free Software Definition <ul><li>Free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. More precisely, it refers to four kinds of freedom, for the users of the software: </li></ul><ul><li>The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0). </li></ul><ul><li>The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this. </li></ul><ul><li>The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2). </li></ul><ul><li>The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits (freedom 3). Access to the source code is a precondition for this. </li></ul><ul><li>Free Software Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Stallman </li></ul>
  20. 20. Open Source Initiative
  21. 21. Open Source Definition <ul><li>Free redistribution </li></ul><ul><li>Software must include source code </li></ul><ul><li>License must allow modifications and derived work </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity of the author's source code </li></ul><ul><li>No discrimination against persons or groups </li></ul><ul><li>No discrimination against fields of endeavor </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of license </li></ul><ul><li>License must not be specific to a product </li></ul><ul><li>License must not restrict other software </li></ul><ul><li>License must be technology-neutral </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Bruce Perens </li></ul>
  22. 22. Creative Commons http:// /
  23. 23. Creative Commons License <ul><li>Attribution . You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work — and derivative works based upon it — but only if they give credit the way you request. </li></ul><ul><li>Noncommercial . You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your work — and derivative works based upon it — but for noncommercial purposes only </li></ul><ul><li>No Derivative Works . You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform only verbatim copies of your work, not derivative works based upon it. </li></ul><ul><li>Share Alike . You allow others to distribute derivative works only under a license identical to the license that governs your work. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Know More on FOSS <ul><li>Quick references </li></ul>
  25. 25. UNCTAD Report 2003 <ul><li>FOSS Implication to Developing Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Barrier reduction to market entry of developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Cost reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of technology and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Digital inclusion </li></ul>
  26. 26. On FOSS –UNDP Primer
  27. 27. FOSS Licensing Primer http:// -licensing-primer
  28. 28. Open Standard Primer http:// /open-standards/
  29. 29. Significance to Instruction <ul><li>Low-cost to no-cost availability of software and documentation for instruction and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to study and modify the source to build knowledge and skills. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Freely' participate in open source communities to learn emerging standards and new skills, and to contribute in the improvement of the software. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Significance to Instruction <ul><li>Teachers and students are moved up from being mere consumers of software to developers and innovators of infocommunications technology solution, </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers become “practitioners” who serve in the development, enhancement, localizations of infocommunications technology solutions for the school and community. </li></ul>
  31. 31. FOSS and Competency Building <ul><li>open standard </li></ul><ul><li>learning by doing </li></ul><ul><li>collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>technology based and not on brand </li></ul><ul><li>learner as knowledge builder </li></ul><ul><li>teacher as practioner </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation through experimentation </li></ul>
  32. 32. Significance to Service Portfolio <ul><li>Affordable software for the educational institution to use infocommunications technology to improve service quality. </li></ul><ul><li>Stable stack of solutions , and open standard to build an integrated ICT infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to customize solutions to meets specific requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Local development of ICT skills to support services. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Open Service Infrastructure <ul><li>Low Cost </li></ul><ul><li>No locked-in </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-operate, open standard </li></ul><ul><li>Build competency of both teacher and student </li></ul><ul><li>Localized </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to knowledge building </li></ul><ul><li>Integrative </li></ul>
  34. 34. Support Model <ul><li>Via the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Community of Users </li></ul><ul><li>On-line Manual and Documentations </li></ul><ul><li>Source Code </li></ul>
  35. 35. The Open Service Infrastructure WebERP Centre SIS Linux e-Mail Server Web Mail Open Source Internet/Intranet Environment Ubuntu Linux Desktop with OpenOffice.Org, Internet Browser and e-Mail Client, Multimedia Tools, and Educational Software Atutor WordPress PHPBB Dspace Apache Web Server Joomla CMS MySQL Database The User Working Environment PhP Application Server
  36. 36. Open Source Net Solution for Education : Department of Education Internet School1 Barangay Center School3 1.Web Publishing System 2.Learning Management System 3.School Admin InfoMgt System 4.Communication Collaboration <ul><li>Apache Web Server </li></ul><ul><li>MySQL Database Server </li></ul><ul><li>PHP Application Server </li></ul><ul><li>Linux eMail Server </li></ul><ul><li>Linux Security Server </li></ul><ul><li>LMS Atutor Server </li></ul><ul><li>CentreSIS Server </li></ul><ul><li>Groupware Server </li></ul><ul><li>WordPress Blog Server </li></ul>NET Application Services Education User Access Sites School2 Internet Cafe Home DSL NET PC Internet Bandwidth Other eLearning Services in the Internet EduKiosk WebBoard
  37. 37. Service Portfolio <ul><li>Open Office Productivity Software </li></ul><ul><li>Open Web Authoring System </li></ul><ul><li>Open Multimedia System </li></ul><ul><li>Open Web Hosting Services </li></ul><ul><li>Open Database System </li></ul><ul><li>Open Application Development Platform </li></ul><ul><li>Open Communication and Collaboration System </li></ul><ul><li>Open Content Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Open Learning Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Open Digital Repository System </li></ul><ul><li>Open Web Publishing System and Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Open Desktop and Network Operating Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Open Customized Business Application </li></ul>
  38. 38. Rating FOSS <ul><li>Are you ready to use FOSS </li></ul>
  39. 39. Business Readiness Rating http://
  40. 40. Select Open Source Project <ul><li>Features (Service Objectives)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements (Infrastructure Demand)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Open Standard (Interopertatibility)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing (No lock-in)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Source Code (Innovation and Localization)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Download (Availability)‏ </li></ul>
  41. 41. Select Open Source Project <ul><li>On-line Membership (Participation)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Support Forum (Collaboration)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation (Empowerment and Local Training)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Roadmap (Direction)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation (Users)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsor (Sustainability)‏ </li></ul>
  42. 42. Case: Atutor Learning Content Management System
  43. 43. Service Features
  44. 44. Requirements
  45. 45. Open Standard
  46. 46. Licensing
  47. 47. Download
  48. 48. Documentation
  49. 49. Membership
  50. 50. Support Forum
  51. 51. Roadmap
  52. 52. Implementation
  53. 53. Project Sponsor
  54. 54. Migration Consideration <ul><li>Data reusable </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Skills Set – generic not lock on specific brand of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Runs on multi operating system </li></ul><ul><li>Consider learner familiarity on the standard interface, functionalities and data </li></ul>
  55. 55. Mindset to Manage
  56. 56. Mindset to Manage <ul><li>Operating System (multi-platform)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Data (Interopertatibility)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Interface (Standard Format)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Functionality (Standard Operation)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>% of Change ( convention, function and workflow)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Skill Set (Competencies)‏ </li></ul>
  57. 57. Multi OS
  58. 58. Saved Data
  59. 59. Data Standard
  60. 60. Export Data
  61. 61. Data Standard
  62. 62. Interface
  63. 63. Functionality
  64. 64. Supported ICT Skills <ul><li>Worprocessing and Textual Editing </li></ul><ul><li>Spreadsheet Calculation and Database </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Image and Graphics Manipulation </li></ul><ul><li>Video Editing </li></ul>
  65. 65. Supported ICT Skills <ul><li>Web Site Creation and Publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Web Browsing </li></ul><ul><li>Email and Internet Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Project Management </li></ul><ul><li>Database Creation and Access </li></ul><ul><li>Browser based Application Programming </li></ul>
  66. 66. FOSS Desktop Application
  67. 67. Office Productivity
  68. 68. Desktop Publishing
  69. 69. Web Authoring
  70. 70. Internet Tools
  71. 71. Image Manipulation Program
  72. 72. Vector Graphics
  73. 73. 3D Graphics & Animation
  74. 74. Video Editing
  75. 75. Project Management
  76. 76. Desktop Operating System
  77. 77. FOSS Internet/Intranet Services
  78. 78. Web Services
  79. 79. Database System
  80. 80. Application Development
  81. 81. Application Development
  82. 82. Modeling Tools
  83. 83. Mail Services
  84. 84. Mail Services
  85. 85. Content Management System
  86. 86. Digital Repository
  87. 87. Web Log
  88. 88. Forum
  89. 89. LCMS
  90. 90. WebCasting
  91. 91. Network Operating System
  92. 92. Q&A <ul><li>John J. Macasio </li></ul><ul><li>Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Human Capital Development Group </li></ul><ul><li>Commission on Information and Communications Technology </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>