Gestalt Therapy - an Introduction


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Presentation given in our Managerial Counselling Class at College

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
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  • Good work, good presentation only thing I would add is that Laura Pearls nee Posner introduced Fritz to Max Wertheimer because she believed that Fritz would be interested in what he was teaching. In deed many would say that Laura was the brains and Fritz was the medium she used to educate the world...
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  • Hello, Im student of psychology in Mexico in the city of guadalajara and i like very much the slide of gestalt therapy, and if is no problem, please can send the slide and other useful to my hotmail:

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  • Gestalt Therapy - an Introduction

    1. 1. Gestalt Therapy – an outline Presented by: Abdul Rahim –1 Alok Kumar – 4 Siddhartha Sinha - 43
    2. 2. What is Gestalt? <ul><li>Gestalt: </li></ul><ul><li>A configuration so unified as a whole that its properties cannot be derived from a simple summation of its parts. </li></ul><ul><li>Gestalt Therapy: </li></ul><ul><li>  A psychotherapeutic approach that supports the process of developing awareness of the intrinsic nature of one's True Self. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Gestalt <ul><li>Max Wertheimer </li></ul><ul><li>Law of prägnanz . </li></ul><ul><li>We try to experience things in as good a gestalt way as possible. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;good&quot; can mean several things, such as regular, orderly, simplistic, symmetrical, etc </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Gestalt - design <ul><li>Illustration </li></ul>square parallelogram diamond
    5. 5. Law of Figure-Ground Segregation <ul><li>Figures should stand out from the background in order to be seen. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Law of Closure <ul><li>Objects that are incomplete force the viewer to “fill in the gaps.” </li></ul>
    7. 7. Law of Symmetry <ul><li>Asymmetrical objects tend to force the viewer to search for symmetry. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Law of Good Continuation <ul><li>Viewers tend to continue shapes beyond their ending points. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Gestalt Therapy
    10. 10. Fritz Perls 1893 - 1970 <ul><li>Berlin-Jewish-lower middle class </li></ul><ul><li>MD in Psychiatry </li></ul><ul><li>After WWI-worked in hospital for Brain Damaged Soldiers-realized view humans as a whole rather than sum of discreet parts </li></ul><ul><li>1946-came to USA </li></ul><ul><li>Married Laura Perls in 1930 </li></ul><ul><li>Founded New York Institute of Gestalt Therapy </li></ul>
    11. 11. Gestalt Therapy <ul><li>Existential & Phenomenological ~ it is grounded in the client’s “here and now” </li></ul><ul><li>Initial goal is for clients to gain awareness of what they are experiencing and doing now </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotes direct experiencing rather than the abstractness of talking about situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rather than talk about a childhood trauma the client is encouraged to become the hurt child </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Gestalt End Goal <ul><li>Our pressing needs need to be completed. This forms wholes / Gestalts, and is the one constant law of the world to maintain organism integrity </li></ul>
    13. 14. Therapist’s Goal in Gestalt <ul><li>Create experiments for client to assist their self-awareness of what they are doing and how they are doing it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness includes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-acceptance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of the environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibility for choices </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 15. Major Principles of Gestalt Therapy <ul><li>Holism - interested in the whole person-emphasis on integration-thoughts, feelings, behaviors, body, & dreams. ORGANISM v OBJECT </li></ul><ul><li>Phenomenology (Field Theory) -organism must be seen in its environment or its context as part of a constantly changing filed-relational, in flux, interrelated & in process </li></ul><ul><li>Figure Formation Process - how individual organizes environment from moment to moment </li></ul><ul><li>Organismic self-regulation - restore equilibrium or contribute to growth & change </li></ul>
    15. 16. The Now <ul><li>Our “power is in the present” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nothing exists except the “now” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The past is gone and the future has not yet arrived </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For many people the power of the present is lost </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They may focus on their past mistakes or engage in endless resolutions and plans for the future </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. Unfinished Business <ul><li>Feelings about the past are unexpressed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These feelings are associated with distinct memories and fantasies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings not fully experienced linger in the background and interfere with effective contact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Result: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preoccupation, compulsive behavior, wariness oppressive energy and self-defeating behavior </li></ul></ul>
    17. 18. Contact and Resistances to Contact <ul><li>RESISTANCE TO GESTALTEN ~ the defenses we develop to prevent us from experiencing the present full </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Five major channels of resistance: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introjection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retroflection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deflection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Projection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confluence </li></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 19. Introjection-channel of resistance <ul><li>Introjection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tendency to uncritically accept others’ beliefs and standards without assimilating them to make them congruent with who we are </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Projection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disown aspects of self by assigning them to environment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deflection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process of distraction-keep difficult to sustain sense of contact with reality </li></ul></ul>
    19. 20. Confluence-channel of resistance <ul><li>Retroflection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doing to myself instead of the other </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Confluence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fitting in-absence of conflict-belief all people feel & think same way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High need for acceptance, approval </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boundary disturbance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dis-ease </li></ul></ul>
    20. 21. Awareness in Gestalt Therapy <ul><li>Gestalt therapy is not linked to any single therapeutic technique </li></ul><ul><li>May borrow from other “schools” of psychology, provided use promotes awareness in the present moment, the realization of potential, and personal responsibility </li></ul>
    21. 22. Goal of Counseling <ul><li>Awareness, becoming Centered </li></ul><ul><li>Re-own disowned parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finish unfinished business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate polarities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acceptance of pain </li></ul><ul><li>Contact Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boundary issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Giving up trying to control others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Responsibility: Response –Able </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rather than reactive </li></ul></ul>
    22. 23. Thank You