Har 1 farm, site and projects


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Har 1 farm, site and projects

  1. 1. Understanding Nutrients, Emissions & Odors at Harrison Farms - 1<br />Farm, Site, and Projects<br />Paul Kivlin - UW Extension/NPM/Discovery Farms<br />Kevan Klingberg - UW Extension/Discovery Farms<br />Kate Meeks – Communications Intern / Discovery Farms<br />
  2. 2. Farm Overview<br />E & L Harrison Enterprises, Inc. is a 4000 hog finishing operation owned by Lynn and Patricia Harrison.<br />The operation consists of five hog finishing buildings, at three locations:<br />Dunn and Chippewa counties, northwest of Eau Claire, Wisconsin.<br />
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  4. 4. Farm Overview<br />The Harrison family has raised hogs since 1913, when Lynn’s grandfather moved to the area.<br />Until the spring of 1998 the operation was farrow-to-finish:<br />Farrowed 6 x / yr in outside lots, avg 16 to 17 piglets per sow/litter.<br />“Similar operations in total confinement were averaging 20 + piglets per sow/litter. We weren’t competitive anymore,” Lynn says.<br />Considered building a big sow farrowing set-up.<br />Ultimately started buying feeder pigs, put up total confinement finishing barns and transitioned to raising feeder pigs to market weight.<br />
  5. 5. Farm Overview<br />Lynn and Pat are active with Wisconsin Pork Association (WPA) and the National Pork Board.<br />Lynn served three terms on the WPA board of directors,<br />President in 1997 and 2005,<br />Lynn remained on board as reorganized from Wisconsin Pork Producers Association to Wisconsin Pork Association.<br />Lynn served on the National Pork Board from 2002 – 2008,<br />President from July 2007 – July 2008,<br />Lynn served within the National Pork Board Environmental Committee, that oversees check off funded research related to environmental issues surrounding the pork industry.<br />
  6. 6. Site Characteristics<br />The general landscape of this farmland is gently sloping, with isolated moderate slopes, 0 - 10 %.<br />Landscape varies from cropland, pastureland, and scattered woodland along riparian areas. <br />USDA Soil Survey maps indicate that a majority of the farm has sandy loam soil characteristics. <br />
  7. 7. Site Characteristics<br />Along with the hogs, Harrison farm ~ 700 acres of corn and soybeans:<br />320 acres of cropland under irrigation, <br />250 acres of highly erodible land (HEL).<br />Has used no-till crop establishment practices since 1993, typically maintaining 50-70% crop residue levels.<br />Swine manure is injected into the soil each fall and spring to meet crop nutrient needs.<br />Fields typically receive manure every other year.<br />
  8. 8. Site Characteristics<br />Soybeans after corn grain<br />50 % surface residue after planting<br />1-pass<br />30 “ rows, planter follows (3) coulter-cart.<br />
  9. 9. Site Characteristics<br />Manure injection slots into corn residue<br />(Top Left).<br />Manure injection slots into soybean residue<br />(Bottom Left).<br />
  10. 10. Farm Overview<br />One of the Harrison properties is located near the Muddy Creek State Wildlife Area and Old Elk Lake, a unique and somewhat rare shallow prairie pothole lake.<br />http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/wildlife/wildlife_areas/muddycreek.htm<br />
  11. 11. Muddy Creek Wildlife Area<br />Old Elk Lake with Harrison cropland immediately to NW<br />
  12. 12. Old Elk Lake with Harrison cropland immediately to NW<br />
  13. 13. Farm Overview<br />Significant development pressure felt from nearby Eau Claire and Menomonie to subdivide around Old Elk Lake.<br />At the same time, the WI DNR wanted to expand the Muddy Creek Wildlife Area and buy land around Old Elk Lake to protect as a wildlife sanctuary.<br />Lynn and Pat decided they didn’t want their farm to end up subdivided into rural residences:<br />Sold 77 acres that adjoined Old Elk Lake to the DNR,<br />Sold the development rights on another 350 acres surrounding the lake.<br />
  14. 14. Farm Overview<br />Purchase / selling of development rights is a mechanism for protecting farmland from development.<br />Landowner voluntarily sells development rights to public agency, land trust, unit of government.<br />The right to develop or subdivide land is permanently relinquished.<br />Landowner retains all other rights and responsibilities:<br />right to farm and post as private property,<br />responsibility to pay property taxes. <br />
  15. 15. Projects Conducted at Harrison Farms<br />Air Quality Impacts<br />Air quality (emissions and odor) has been a challenge for the swine industry for decades.<br />Harrison’s 5 barns (3 different feedlot locations) were evaluated using facility emission data and a regulatory air quality model.<br />The WI Ambient Air Quality Standards and U.S. EPA Reference Concentrations were used to evaluate potential public nuisance and public health impacts.<br />
  16. 16. Projects Conducted at Harrison Farms<br />Best Management Practice Challenge<br />Agricultural best management practices (BMP) are designed to protect natural resources and farm profits. Some farmers are reluctant to adopt BMPs because they fear profit loss.<br />To increase adoption of BMP’s, a collaboration of private / public organizations created a program called the “BMP Challenge”.<br />BMP challenge provides insurance,<br />Pays producers if the adopted best management practice reduces crop yield and net income.<br />During the early phases of this national initiative, the Harrisons participated in verifying the implementation protocols developed to run the larger program.<br />
  17. 17. Projects Conducted at Harrison Farms<br />Sampling Protocol For Under Floor Swine Manure Storage Pits<br />Proper manure sampling and analysis is important to determine the nutrient content of manure and define appropriate application rates.<br />Typically, manure sampling is done as liquid pits are agitated and emptied.<br />By the time lab analysis results are received, the manure has (typically) already been applied.<br />The purpose of this study was to determine whether accurate, pre-agitation samples could be obtained.<br />Can pre-agitated samples be analyzed and accurately reflect swine manure nutrient content so that field specific application rates can be decided before the pit is emptied?<br />
  18. 18. Conclusion<br />Unlike most Discovery Farm locations, the Harrison farm did not have in-stream or edge-of-field water monitoring. <br />Topography did not lend to finding appropriate side by side basins where Harrison had full management of the small watershed. <br />While this location did not have an appropriate landscape for water monitoring, the conducted projects provided valuable information for swine producers and the agricultural industry as a whole.<br />
  19. 19. Information Available<br />This presentation is the first in a series of four developed to provide the data and information collected at E & L Harrison Enterprises, Inc.<br />There are 4 factsheets, 4 briefs and 4 presentations associated with this project.<br />All factsheets, briefs and presentations are available on the UW - Discovery Farms website.<br />http://www.uwdiscoveryfarms.org<br />
  20. 20. Acknowledgement<br />Thank you to the Wisconsin Pork Association for their interest and support of this project.<br />
  21. 21. For Additional Information<br />http://www.uwdiscoveryfarms.org<br />UW Discovery Farms<br />40195 Winsand Drive<br />PO Box 429<br />Pigeon Falls, WI 54760<br /> 1-715-983-5668<br />jgoplin@wisc.edu<br />Kevan.klingberg@ces.uwex.edu<br />