MINER’S CANARYWHEN A CANARY DIES, SOMETHING’S WRONGWITH THE MINE..WHEN THE BIRDS STARTDISAPPEARING, SOMETHING’S WRONG WITH THEENVIRONMENT......
BY NATURE CITIES HAVE A GOOD SPECIES DIVERSITY FRAGMENTATION BECAUSE THEY ARE USUALLYHABITAT LOSS BIRDSSPECIE DEVELOPED NEAR PREDATORS S WETLANDS, RIVERSINVASIVE SPECIES DIVERSITY ETC. SPECIES HOMOGENEITY POLLUTIONCOLLISIONS DEVELOPMENT BIODIVERSITY ARCHITECT SUSTAINABILITY
‘’Lets start by imagining a fine Persian carpet and a hunting knife. We set about cutting the carpet into thirty-six equal pieces. Theres still nearly 216 square feet of recognizablycarpet like stuff. But what does it amount to? Have we got thirty- six nice Persian throw rugs? No. All were left with is threedozen ragged fragments, each one worthless and commencing to come apart."
MANICUREDLANDSCAPE HABITAT COMPENSATION SEMI RUSTIC LANDSCAPE- URBAN,CAMPUS,CORPORATE, HOME GARDEN CAR PARKING AREAS
•AMPLE NESTING SPACE•COOLER•SHALLOW PONDS•FRUIT AND NECTAR•INSECTS FROM LEAFLITTER•SAFETY FROM PREDATORS
HABITATVARYING DEPTH.ROCKS AND WOODS ELEMENTSFOR HUMIDITY ANDPERCHING REUSED RECYCLED BUILDING MATERIALS..BENEFICIAL FOR BIRDS THAT PREFER OPEN GROUND LIVING ROOFS
ADAPTATIONSEARTH BERMS FOR GROUND NESTINGBIRDS
The Liyuan Library by architect LiXiaodong encourages birds to buildnests on its structure. The exterior isclad with more than 400,000 locallysourced sticks of firewood, which Lihopes will attract birds that willcontribute mud and droppings to helpplant-life grow.
‘DANCING TREES,SINGING BIRDS’ INJAPAN- EFFICIENTUSE OF SPACE
BIRD MORTALITY DUE TO COLLISION- GLASS, TRANSPARENT, REFLECTIV E,BIRDS CANNOT MAKE OUT... PATTERNED GLASS/UV GLASS/NETTING ETC. SOLUTIONS
Avoid fragmentation. Cluster designs. green network.Urban landscapes. semi rustic. Trees. Shallow water bodies. Lawns with local grass.Leaf litter.Roof gardens semi rusticAttic spaces. Part of the attic spaces accessible to birds. Holes or openings of 5cm-10cm diameter.Compound walls as nesting spacesBalconies, verandahs and sit outs with hooks.Projecting decorative elements - window ledges, decorative bracket supports forbalconies, eave boards for sunshades, smaller gaps between the sunshade top androof overhang etc.Courtyards and atria with greenery which are accessible to birds can be thought of aspart of lobby designs.Avoid the use of plain transparent and reflective glass in general. They can be usedwith narrow patterns, netting etc.Artificial lighting in open spaces should be just enough for use, avoid light spilling,and preferably use down lighting.Being conscious about biodiversity during designing is most important, because thiscan lead to context and project based design solutions encouraging bird presence.
REFERENCESDaniel James Pedley (2010) Birds and People in Towns and Cities: An Exploration of Human-Bird Relations in Urban Areas; a Thesis submitted toUniversity of HullHansell, Mike (2000). Bird Nests & Construction Behaviour. Cambridge: Cambridge University PressJameson F. Chacea, John J. Walshb(2004) Urban effects on native avifauna: a reviewJohn M. Marzluff, Ewing, K., 2001. Restoration of fragmented landscapes for the con- servation of birds: a general framework and specificrecommendations for urbanizing landscapes. Restor. Ecol.John M. Marzluff , Reed Bowman, and Roarke Donnelly(2001) Avian Ecology and Conservation in an Urbanizing World Kluwer AcademicPublishersK. Wang1, Z. Cao 2 and L. Xu3 Ecological compensation in urban design of coastal lowland city: lincheng new town lowland technology internationalVol. 7, No. 2, December 2005 International Association of Lowland TechnologyMathey, J., and D. Rink. 2010 Urban wastelands – a chance for biodiversity in cities? Ecological aspects, social perceptions and acceptance ofwilderness by residents in Urban Biodiversity and Design edited by Norbert Muller, P. Werner, J. G. Kelcey. Wiley.Melles, S., S. Glenn, and K. Martin. 2003. Urban bird diversity and landscape complexity: species-environment associations along a multiscale habitatgradient. Conservation EcologyRaphael K Didham, Ecological Consequences of Habitat Fragmentation, Australia Published online: November 2010Rendell, Wallace B.; Robertson, Raleigh J. (1994),"Cavity Entry Orientation and Nest-site Use by Secondary Hole-nesting Birds" (PDF), Journal ofField Ornithologyhttp://www.metrofieldguide.com/a-roof-for-the-birds-creating-habitat-on-the-portland-mausoleum-roof/R. Fernandez-Canero and P. Gonzalez-Redondo 2010 Green Roofs as a Habitat for Birds: A Review; Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances;Volume: 9, Issue: 15Simone Fontana, ThomasSattler, FabioBontadina, MarcoMoretti (2011)How to manage the urban green to improve bird diversity and communitystructure, Landscape and Urban PlanningTurner, W. R., T. Nakamura, and M. Dinetti. 2004. Global urbanization and the separation of humans from nature. BioSciencehttp://www.birdsandbuildings.org/docs/DougStotzFieldMuseum.pdfhttp://www.birdfriendlybuildingdesign.comhttp://www.krishnamb.com/composing-corporate-garden-landscapeshttp://www.smartplanet.com/blog/design-architecture/building-for-the-birds-and-the-bees-and-bats/7749http://www.artinfo.com/photo-galleries/slideshow-a-library-lost-in-the-woods-of-chinahttp://www.birdsandbuildings.org/documents/BirdFriendlyBuildingDesign.pdfhttp://www.behav.org/student_essay/birds/behav/finne_2010_urban_birds.pdfhttp://www.waterpark.org/documents/pages/birds_bats_and_buildings/690e5_007.pdfhttp://www.livingroofs.orghttp://www.waterpark.org/trust/biodiversity.html