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The cabinet and exop


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The cabinet and exop

  2. 2. Cabinet  Cabinet tends to be used to ensure that the work of     the executive branch is directed and drawn together Membership includes........... It generally plays only a limited role – it meets infrequently and President may overrule it Cabinet members may not have a close relationship with the President Unlike British PM not totally reliant on their support
  3. 3. EXOP  Consists of personal aides/different components      NSC, OMB and WHO NS adviser used in different ways – Kissinger spearheaded foreign policy initiatives with China during Nixon; Clinton’s advisers eclipsed by secs of state – Christopher and Albright Can play a more significant role – why? ‘staffers’ in EXOP more likely to be long term associates Cabinet members torn between their loyalty to the President, departments and interest groups Closer proximity
  4. 4. Evaluation points  Presidents have used EOP and Cabinet in different ways – Nixon overdependent on his closest aides – Watergate affair  Significance of Cabinet depends upon individual style of Presidents – Eisenhower collective decision making  Reagan used Cabinet councils – 6-11 cabinet members to advise & develop policy
  5. 5. Evaluation points  Some Cabinet members have played an important role in shaping policy eg. James Baker Secretary of State 1989-93 close relationship with Bush snr; Rice and Rumsfeld. Importance of bilateral meetings  President is the sole source of political authority and Cabinet has no formal role. Use of it is at the President’s discretion  Rallying and mobilising support for particular policies
  6. 6. Evaluation points  David Mervin ‘ Presidents have the gravest difficulties as it is gaining control of a notoriously fractious political system, without the expertise and assistance of the EXOP they would helpless and the US would be truly ungovernable’.