The british constitution

5,118 views

Published on

0 Comments
6 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
5,118
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
775
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
124
Comments
0
Likes
6
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The british constitution

  1. 1. The British constitutionIntroductory questions
  2. 2. What is a constitution? The laws, rules and customs that set out theways in which a country should be governedand the rights and duties of the state and itscitizens The history of Britain has been one of gradualchange rather than great upheaval and so theBritish constitution has evolved over manyyears and unlike the USA is not set down inone document.
  3. 3. Functions To distribute power within the politicalsystem……………. To empower states………… To protect the freedoms of citizens……… To define the limits of government………. To provide governmental stability……… To act as a symbol of the nation………
  4. 4. Functions Legitimacy- power- each branch of govt….. Freedom – safeguard to civil rights…… Stability – especially in relation to newdemocracies…………. Limited govt – checks & balances; clearfunctions & powers of each branch of govt…..
  5. 5. Classifying constitutions - UK UK-partly written &uncodified – no singlespecific document, scatteredacross a number of differentsources Flexible-no specialprocedures for amendment-Act of Parliament Unitary-sovereigntyexercised by central govt-devolved power subject tosupervision by the sovereignbody & can be revoked by it
  6. 6. Classifying constitutions - US Federal structure - sovereignty shared –central/federal govt and subnational govt Written/codified – one document whichcontains information in which the US systemof govt operates Rigid – special process for change – two thirdsof Senate & House of Representatives plusthree quarters of state legislatures
  7. 7. Constitutional reforms – NewLabour House of Lords Reform Freedom of Information Devolution PR Human Rights Act Future reforms?

×