How can presidents win in congress

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How can presidents win in congress

  1. 1. The US Presidency
  2. 2.  Separation of powers Checks and balances Limited government President must lead, bargain, compromise,and persuade
  3. 3.  Propose legislation – State of the address..... Submit an annual budget Sign bills into law Veto legislation – bargaining tool Nominations – Supreme Court, executiveappointments Treaties
  4. 4.  Popularity of the President eg. size of thePresident’s election victory, opinion polls Divided government – Bush 2006 mid termelections;Obama 2010 United government.................. Filibuster proof majority............ Crises – post 9/11, Patriot Act. Gulf ofTonkin
  5. 5.  Tactics – offering pork, nationalTV............ Vice President – tied vote – 2003 350 billiondollar tax cut Use of EXOP – work the corridors andcommittee rooms of Capitol Hill Cabinet eg.Treasury Secretary – tax/fiscalstimulus Party leaders in Congress
  6. 6.  United government Popularity of the President Honeymoon period Lame duck Charismatic authority – Clinton. Obama. Congress – reasserts itself –Watergate.Vietnam.
  7. 7.  Bennett – ‘A President who uses acombination of formal powers, informalpersuasion, popularity and legislativeskill, and is fortunate enough to be infavourable circumstances, a clear mandateand united government, can hope to getmany proposals through Congress’.

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