Westphal – lesson 2 the deist project


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Westphal – lesson 2 the deist project

  1. 1. Westphal – The Deist ProjectBy the end of thislesson you will have:•Studied sections 3,4,5& 6• Be aware of the keythemes for thesescholars
  2. 2. Deism vs Scholasticism• House Vs Hip-Hop• Ali Love – Benediction• Tupac’s Deist views
  3. 3. Group Task – Sections 3 & 4• Complete the reciprocal reading task forsections 3 & 4• Someone must read the paragraph, thenanother person must read the paragraphsummary as found in your books• This will help you all with your annotations onthe text.• One person must also use their dictionary tolook up unfamiliar words.
  4. 4. Scholar Debate• Create a scholarly debate on the meaning of Godand religion between:• Aquinas• Kant• Hume• You can use the ‘thinkers’ sheet in your booklet tohelp you. It should focus on what is the Churchand how we can know God.
  5. 5. Section 3• 3 enlightenment motifs - REASON• Good religion vs bad religion• Religion as a human social reality, trying to prove it can becompatible• Deism is different to atheism – anti-religion rather than anti-God.• Deists don’t like ‘top down’ religionHUME & KANT focussed on religion• Extreme critique of religion as we know it• Critiqued scholastic and metaphysical deist approaches• Kant – we can’t know God, although we will reach him in the afterlife• Schleiermacher – the Church as a ‘feeling’
  6. 6. Section 4HUME Vs KANT• Had different directions in their work• Hume = Anti-theist• Kant = Theism within the limits of reason
  7. 7. Section 4KANT• Kant was a deist who undermined metaphysical deism• Kant tried to rescue a belief in God based on reason. His own approach to deism.• 2 parts to Kant’s reformulation:• 1. We must know God by practical reason, not theoretical knowledge. Thiscontrasts the a priori ontological argument.• 2. There is evil in human nature. So the type of reason needed in enlightenedsociety is one of morality.• Contrast this with Augustine• A) Morality doesn’t need religion, but morality leads to religion. RULE OFUNIVERSALISABILITY• B) Therefore it is bottom up as opposed to top down religion• C) Religion is then a recognition of duties of Divine commands• This is obviously different to the moral argument of Thomas Aquinas’ NaturalMoral Law or that of Divine Command Ethicists.
  8. 8. Section 4KANT• Universal religion = doing good acts not to please God butbecause it is just the right thing to do• Fetish religion = only work as a means to an end. i.e. Goingto Church only to get into heaven• Religion = duty towards one another• Love of God should be seen as a love for fellow humans• Would like to reconcile Christianity with his idea of religion• CHURCH = self-improvement of human persons• Christ’s only significance is the ideal of moral perfection• Christology WITHIN reason would be a construction withinpure reason independent of historical fact
  9. 9. Section 4• Lessing = believed that rational knowledge ofGod must be based on nothing historical.Must de-mythologise religion.
  10. 10. Section 5 & 6• Group reading• Using your highlighters, we will read thesesections as a group and annotate importantquotes and links to other scholars
  11. 11. Westphal – The Deist ProjectBy the end of thislesson you will have:•Studied sections 3,4,5& 6• Be aware of the keythemes for thesescholars