Lesson 7 utilitarianism – strengths and weaknesses
Utilitarianism – Strengths and Weaknesses By the end of this lesson you will have: •Discovered the strengths and weaknesses of Utilitarianism • Have considered whether you think it is a useful approach or not
Homework Re-Cap• What have we learnt about Utilitarianism from this Vardy extract?• Answer questions 5 & 6 from the worksheet
Strengths & Weaknesses• Complete the card sort and worksheet in your booklet to distinguish the strengths and weaknesses of utilitarianism
‘Assessing’ Strengths and Weaknesses• To gain a decent mark you must be able to assess the strengths and weaknesses and whether they are good or bad.• Look at the strengths from yesterday, assess each one with the person next to you• Now do the same for the weaknesses
Scholar Quotes• Quoting scholars in your evaluation is very good practise• On the sheet in front of you there are 7 different scholars who have opinions about the effectiveness of utilitarianism• You need to remember 3 different arguments to add to your second section
In your own words...• In your own words, write 3 sentences in your notebook which represent your chosen 3 arguments.• Now try and condense these 3 sentences into bullet points in your notes• Now try and think of an anagram or a revision tool to help you remember these three scholars (rhyming words etc)
In your own words...• Sarah Tyler & Gordon Reid• Patrick Clarke• Mel Thompson• James Rachels• Cain Rolleston• Robert Bowie• Noel Stewart
Structure – AO2 – Part (b)Introduction Arguments For ArgumentsAgainst Conclusion.The above is acceptable, although is GCSE style, so won’t enable youto access the higher levels. The structures below require higher orderthinking skills.Introduction First Argument For FirstArgument Against Second Argument For Second Argument Against Conclusion.Introduction First Point Critique of FirstPoint Second Point Critique of SecondPoint Conclusion.
Paragraph Structure AO2 – Part (b)• PESEL• Point – make a point• Explain – explain that point• Support – support the point using evidence, reasoning or examples• Evaluate – evaluate the point• Link – connect the paragraph to that which will follow
Paragraphs - Useful connecting words / phrases• This is important because ...• The most significant is ... because ...• However ...• On the other hand ...• It is likely that...because ...• Therefore ...• Nevertheless ...• The implications of this are ...
Conclusions• Should summarise what has gone before.• Should never contain new material. That is anything that has not been dealt with in the preceding text.• Should draw together the threads which the writer has woven to form a tight, coherent whole.
ConclusionsComments from the examiners:“An average essay can be raised by a strongconclusion; a good essay can be felled by a badone.”“Candidates need to be aware of the importancein AO2 answers of drawing appropriateconclusions in their discussions. There is atendency to present facts and ideas withoutadvancing arguments and without drawingtogether key ideas in an appropriate conclusion.
Practise part (ii)• Now try and complete a perfect part (ii) with the question as...• ‘assess the strengths and weaknesses of Utilitarianism’ 15marks