Lesson 7 health re-cap


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Lesson 7 health re-cap

  1. 1. Health Re-Cap By the end of this lesson you will have: Re-capped what you have learnt in the health topic so far • Worked in groups to identify areas which you aren’t too confident with • Be sure of areas that you want to focus on in revision
  2. 2. Word Match – Global Patterns of Health • In groups of 3, match as many of the words on your A3 sheet together as possible and write the link on the lines • Which group can get the most matches?
  3. 3. Global Distribution • Mortality: death rates • Morbidity: illness • Attack rate: The ‘incidence’ of a disease in a given area • Case mortality rate: The amount of people with the disease who then die from it • Crude death rates: Sub-Saharan Africa • Malaria: tropics/equator • Influenza: 500,000 deaths a year (disease of poverty) • Breast Cancer: 50,000 cases in the UK in 2014 (disease of affluence) • Epidemiological Transition Model: 4 stages, 4th stage = longevity ‘Alzheimer's’.
  4. 4. AIDS
  5. 5. C.H.D • Verbal Essay • ‘Discuss the impacts of one non- communicable disease’ • Point • Explain • Evidence • Link
  6. 6. N.C.Ds • DALYS: 82 million – 60% are in newly developing countries Afghanistan has 23mill pop and 33,000 deaths p/y, and 36/1,000 DALYs lost • Risk factors: smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, lack of exercise (obesity), alcohol • Costs: $24billion could be saved if Americans exercised more. $177billion a year cost to USA, £6billion to UK through obesity, drugs companies up to $14billion globally • Prevention: oily fish, Japan education on blood pressure, UK dietary information • Health education: World Heart Day • Legislation: Change 4 life, 2,000,000 responses • Disease of Affluence
  7. 7. Food & Health • In your groups of three, come up with 2 questions to ask the rest of the group based on your part of the topic. The group that get the most answers correct win. • Famine • Ethiopian case study • Solutions to famine • Obesity • Causes of obesity • Health consequences
  8. 8. Questions D1 • 1. What are the three causes of famine? Drought, population increase, price inflation • 2. What is malnutrition? A condition resulting from dietary deficiency • 3. List some affects of the 2000 Ethiopian drought livestock died, food price increase, mass migration • 4. What aid appeal was launched after the 1984 drought/famine? Band aid • 5. Is distributing food short or long term? Short term • 6. What are three long term solutions to famine? use of fertilisers, improve transport, ease international trade • 7. What does the WHO class obesity as on the BMI scale? 30+ • 8. How many people are OVERWEIGHT globally? 1.6billion • 9. How does a diet contribute towards obesity? Intake of energy dense foods which are high in sugars and fats • 10. What are the factors which can be attributed to global obesity? Increasing sedentary forms of work, changing modes in transportation, increased urbanisation • 11. How many people die from CVD each year? 17million • 12. By how many years are obese smoker’s lives reduced? 14
  9. 9. Questions – A1 • 1. What are the three causes of famine? – Drought, arithmetic crop growth, price inflation • 2. How many people die each year from starvation – 30million • 3. In 2000 Ethiopian famine how many of the population were affected? – 43% • 4. What happens to food prices during famine? – they rise • 5. What are the BMI values to be considered overweight and obese set by WHO? – 25+, 30+ • 6. What percentage of children in US are overweight? – 35% • 7. What is the fundamental cause of obesity? – an imbalance of energy consumed and expelled • 8. What are the two reasons for decrease in activity? – Increased transport, sedentary lifestyles • 9. Raised BMI for obesity and overweight is a risk factor for what chronic diseases? – C.H.D, Type 2 diabetes, CVD, cancers • 10. How many people die of cardio-vascular diseases each year? – 17million • 11. How many calories are available for each person globally each day? – 2,700 • 12. Define malnourishment – a lack of proper nutrients
  10. 10. Health Care Approaches • Think of a HIGH GRADE and unique case study to use for: • EMERGENT – Newly Developing – no state intervention – South Africa – rural/urban divide – hierarchy – Mount Coke – Mission hospitals • SOCIALISED – total state control – available to all – Cuba – 21medical schools – best healthcare in Caribbean • INSURANCE – your health is insured and guaranteed – state involvement – France – WHO best health approach in world, ageing population is problematic • PLURALISTIC – both private and state involvement – private market with some elements of state care – USA – Obamacare 2010 – some elements of access to all • NHS – State involvement, GPS still act as solo entrepreneurs, run as businesses, UK - £90billion NHS, for example some ambulances ‘loaned’ from private companies
  11. 11. TNCs • 1. What is a Transnational Corporation • 2. What three main roles do T.N.Cs fulfil in the manufacturing centre? • 3. How influential is Johnson & Johnson as a pharmaceutical company? • 4. How is Prozac used as an example of branded pharmaceutical? • 5. What is an essential drug? • 6. Why is drug development related to economic development? • 7. Why is marketing so important for pharmaceutical companies and their distribution? • 8. Why is it better to find the root cause of a problem rather than treat the symptoms? • 9. How would finding the root cause of the problem affect pharmaceutical companies?
  12. 12. Tobacco T.N.Cs • In your groups, arrow all the information you can at the moment remember about Tobacco TNCs • Open your booklets and add to them • Find a newspaper article on your mobile phones which is a contemporary example of tobacco corporations in newly developing countries
  13. 13. Homework • Use your revision cards EFFECTIVELY to revise for a timed essay next week on any of the topics so far covered