Utilitarianism – J.S Mill By the end of this lesson you will have: •Learnt who J.S Mill was and why he liked Utilitarianism • Have discovered what problems Mill had with Bentham’s utilitarianism • Have considered that pleasures can be split into ‘higher’ and ‘lower’ pleasures
Autobiography• Born: 1806 (19th Cent)• Nationality: British, London• Father’s aim: to create a child genius• Godfather: Jeremy Bentham• Ethical Position: Liberal, teleological, utilitarian• Famous works: On Liberty, Utilitarianism
What he liked about Bentham’s work• Teleological• Fulfilling pleasures• Utilitarian• Strive for equality
What he didn’t...• Problem with defining happiness• No protection for the minorities• Can lead to potentially immoral acts
Higher / Lower Pleasures• Mill’s plan was to split ‘pleasure’ into ‘higher’ and ‘lower’ categories• He suggested that we then pursue the ‘higher’ pleasures teleologicaly• This, he argues, would solve the problems of permitting immoral acts• It would also give us guidelines about what pleasures we should pursue consequentially
Lower Pleasures – Those of the Body• What ‘lower’ pleasures do you think you can see in these clip?• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=39AO2yoP mJg• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IkeHPBW W2b0
Higher Pleasures – Those of the intellect or the spiritual• http://www.channel4.com/programmes/mad e-in-chelsea/4od#3275791 38mins• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oFVhSDQ mIxsAnd for those that ‘don’t like’ these pleasures• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5cmaCOf4 LMM
The Common Good• If you had to make a list of pleasures that tend to lead towards the common good what would they be?