Lesson 2 teleology – plato and aristotle

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Lesson 2 teleology – plato and aristotle

  1. 1. Teleological Argument – Plato and Aristotle By the end of this lesson you will have: •Been introduced to Plato’s ‘cave’ allegory • Discovered how this relates to the teleological argument • have studied Plato and Aristotle’s teleological arguments as influences for other scholars we will study
  2. 2. Plato’s Cave• Plato’s Cave• TASK – Think, Pair, Share• What do you think this clip can tell us about what we are and what our reality is?• Do you agree with the final conclusion that just because we don’t know about it, doesn’t make it any less real?• Could we be prisoners in a cave?
  3. 3. Plato’s Forms• The Forms - Plato• The teleological argument stems back to Plato’s idea that their are two universes – that of the material world and that of the ‘forms’• TASK: Read the extract in front of you to try and discover what is meant by the ‘world of the forms’
  4. 4. Historical Background• You need to be aware of Plato and Aristotle’s ideas on design to form your historical background of the design argument.• TASK: Read through your ‘historical background’ sheet and try and explain how Aristotle and Plato explained the design argument.• Create a table to compare and contrast ideas.
  5. 5. Plato’s Ideas on Design• A necessary being exists who has the power to ‘shape’ worlds• This being fashions all things on earth• This is a rational explanation for the order which exists• This being works with a universe which is already established• Our universe can’t be perfect, only the world of forms can be perfect• Everything in our world tries to emulate their ‘perfect’ forms
  6. 6. Aristotle’s Ideas on Design• The only rational explanation for the designed world around us must be a Divine Intelligence• There must be a first ‘unmoved mover’ responsible for this order• This God must be viewed as possessing intelligence, goodness and eternity• This God remains immaterial – made of no substance
  7. 7. Teleological Argument – Plato and Aristotle By the end of this lesson you will have: •Been introduced to Plato’s ‘cave’ allegory • Discovered how this relates to the teleological argument • have studied Plato and Aristotle’s teleological arguments as influences for other scholars we will study
  8. 8. Plenary – Quick Fire• Q. What name did Plato give to the designing creator?• Q. What evidence does Aristotle suggest points towards the existence of the Gods?• Q. How does the allegory of the cave explain Plato’s ideas on the design of the world?

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