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Lesson 2 - objectivity, subjectivity & relativism


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Lesson 2 - objectivity, subjectivity & relativism

  1. 1. Objectivity, Subjectivity & Relativism By the end of today’s lesson you will have: •Dealt with the concept of true/false claims •Have been introduced to ‘moral anti-realism’ •Be able to distinguish between Ethical Subjectivism and Non-cognitivism within the ‘moral anti-realism’ framework
  2. 2. Naturalism & Non-Naturalism• In your groups, continue with your posters on naturalism and non-naturalism
  3. 3. Ethical Language Card Sort• In Pairs, complete the ethical language ‘word + definition’ card sort in pairs.
  4. 4. Graphic Organizer• In pairs, each complete a graphic organizer to help you understand the structure of the ethical vocabulary. You can write the word and/or the definition in your boxes.
  5. 5. Card Game• Put the cards in order of term and definition, split the pack in half and test your partner on their ethical language vocab thus far.
  6. 6. Scholars• G.E Moore – Non-Naturalism – ‘We have intuitions of moral truths’• Protagoras – Individualism – ‘There are as many distinct scales of good and bad as there are people in the world’• A.J Ayer – Emotivism – Reduced all moral talk to an expression of the speakers feelings• R.M Hare – Prescriptivism – ‘moral statements function like imperatives’• J.M Mackie – Moral Scepticism – ‘There are no objective values, hence ethical claims are false’
  7. 7. Subjectivists VS Objectivists• Q. How can we reach a consensus as to what is good?• In pairs, you must decide to argue either a subjectivist or objectivist approach to a consensus on ‘good’.• You must refer to key words and specific ethical theories that we have covered thus far to support your answer:• Religion & Morality, Natural Moral Law, Deontology, Virtue Ethics, Utilitarianism, Situation Ethics
  8. 8. Anthropology• Anthropology is the study of man• Associated with Cultural Relativism• Helps us understand the context of situations• = the appropriateness of any positive or negative custom should be evaluated
  9. 9. Objectivity• Strengths• Weaknesses
  10. 10. Moral Relativism• Strengths• Paper the walls task