Successfully reported this slideshow.

lesson 11 - ethical theories – cultural importance

1,282 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

lesson 11 - ethical theories – cultural importance

  1. 1. Ethical Theories – Cultural Importance By the end of this lesson you will have: •Be sure of the cultural influences for each of the theories • Be able to consider how these theories may be suitable for modern day ethics • Have decided which theory you think is the most suitable for modern day ethics
  2. 2. Spec Check• An examination of the key features of the three approaches to ethical decision making; the contribution of key scholars such as Kant, W.D Ross, Aquinas, Hoose, Aristotle and MacIntyre; an understanding of philosophical foundations of these theories in terms of absolute, relative, teleological and deontological principles; an evaluation of the efficacy of these theories for ethical decision making, including consideration of their religious and cultural influences at the time of development and for the modern day. Students should be able to draw evaluative conclusions about their relative strengths and weaknesses.
  3. 3. Cultural InfluencesVirtue Ethics]What do these pictures tell us about the culture of the time in Ancient Greece?
  4. 4. Cultural InfluencesVirtue Ethics Slavery Philosophers & Hedonism •Inequality was the norm – •Philosophers were seen as Virtue ethics may not be as high in society – intellect accessible for women or was seen as something to slaves. aspire to •However, Elizabeth • Hedonism was Anscombe’s revival of appreciated – having a virtue ethics in the 20th good and pleasure full life century goes some way to went hand in hand with solving this problem moralityWhat do these pictures tell us about the culture of the time in Ancient Greece?
  5. 5. Cultural Influences Natural LawPope Gregory IX (1147-1241) hated cats andstarted the feline holocaust that would lastalmost five hundred years. What do these pictures tell us about the culture ofIn a Papal Bull (1233) he condemned the black the time in Medieval Europe?cat as diabolic and thereby giving his blessingto the torture and killing/burning of cats.
  6. 6. Cultural InfluencesNatural Law Superstition Celibacy •Great superstition existed •Celibacy was prized as a which led to somewhat virtue bizarre practises •Aquinas lived a celibate •Sometimes rationality was life and only associated neglected, although with his male colleagues Aquinas sought to combine •This presumably rationality with faith influenced his thoughts on the importance of reproduction and his views on womenWhat do these pictures tell us about the culture of the time in Medieval Europe?
  7. 7. Cultural InfluencesDeontologyWhat do these pictures tell us about the culture of the time in the Enlightenment period?
  8. 8. Cultural InfluencesDeontology Science Faith and reason •Scientific developments •Ethical theories started to took people away from move away from those of superstitious belief and the established religions focused on reason and and started to focus on logic reason •More people started to •Kant’s theory is question religious morality completely based on the ability to reason and act in a way which is not contradictoryWhat do these pictures tell us about the culture of the time in the Enlightenment period?
  9. 9. Cultural InfluencesTask:• How have the cultural influences of the theories affected their philosophical basis?• Write a sentence for each theory which answers this question
  10. 10. Modern Day applications• Which theory is most applicable to modern day?• Each pair will be given a modern day ethical dilemma. Read it and figure out how each theory would be applied to the story. Then discover whether the ‘cultural clashes’ would be problematic in applying a particular theory to the modern day dilemma.
  11. 11. Ethical Theories – Cultural Importance By the end of this lesson you will have: •Be sure of the cultural influences for each of the theories • Be able to consider how these theories may be suitable for modern day ethics • Have decided which theory you think is the most suitable for modern day ethics

×