Natural Law – Happiness and Aristotle By the end of today’s lesson you will have: •Considered your own definitions of happiness • Discussed whether happiness is the best overall purpose for a community • Familiarised yourself with the ideas of Aristotle with regards to happiness, purpose and community
Happiness – Think, Pair, Share• Discuss in pairs what your definition of happiness is in 1 minute• We will then share each others definitions as a class
Happiness for the community• Can you and your partner think of any laws in which happiness is the ‘telos’?• Can you think of any laws for which there is an alternative telos?• Write it on your post it note and stick it on the board
Happiness & Virtue - Definitions• There are 3 different texts around the room• Spend 5mins analysing each text – what does this text tell you about• A) Happiness• B) Virtue• C) Reason
Aristotle• Greek philosopher, student of Plato• BC 384• Famous for devising Virtue Ethics• Reason• Personal development• Telos = eudemonia (happiness)• Must be happiness for the whole community
Mini-Quiz• 1) How many years before Jesus was Aristotle alive?• 2) What, according to Aristotle, do human’s have to use to decide what acts are virtuous and will benefit the whole community?• 3) Is Aristotle’s theory teleological or deontological?• 4) Which Greek word means – a happy/good life?• 5) Does Aristotle think people should act in a way which makes them happy or the whole community happy?
Does this work?• In groups of four, discuss to what extent having happiness as a telos of public policy would work in the scenario I have given to you.• You will be presenting the scenario and your decision to the rest of the class
Individual Write Up• A) How would you define individual happiness?• B) Explain how you would understand the phrase ‘the happiness of the community’