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Essay a non communicable disease has a greater impact on economic development than an infectous disease


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Essay a non communicable disease has a greater impact on economic development than an infectous disease

  1. 1. ‘A Non-Communicable disease has a greater impact on economic development than an infectious disease’. Discuss this statement. (15) A prevalent infectious disease in LEDCs such as Sub-Saharan Africa is AIDS. This can be passed on through bodily fluids and childbirth. In Botswana it is estimated that 24% of the population suffer from AIDS, which has drastically affected the economy because of the destruction to the workforce and it is predicted the economy will be 1/3 smaller by 2021. As LEDCs tend to have a workforce based on more manual labour, this clearly has a significant economic impact as people are lost from the workforce which prevents them from contributing to the crop market and hinders economic development. Moreover, food shortages may occur and advancement stops as limited resources are focused on caring for those with the disease. From that, many orphaned children require care which again has an impact on economic growth. A non-communicable disease (N.C.D) is one which cannot be passed on from person to person. The most common N.C.D is Coronary Heart Disease (C.H.D) which is prevalent in all countries along the developmental scale. The main economic consequence of C.H.D is that people can often not go back to work. This has an impact on the families and their own lives, often carers may have to help the victims which costs money. Moreover, there are many work days lost due to ill health – the W.H.O tell us that the UK has 18 DALYs per 1,000 in 2013 – the largest contributor for this being sufferers of C.H.D. There are also many deaths, 82,000 a year according to the NHS website. The impact of C.H.D clearly reduces the workforce to some extent. Not only is this, but the cost of the treatment also significant for the government, especially the NHS. This can then have an impact of the infrastructure of the country as education and councils may have their funding compromised. There will be costs to promote campaigns to reduce CHD such as the current ‘change 4 life’ campaign to encourage exercise and healthy eating. Whilst this financial cost clearly has an impact on development, it does tend to strike the elderly more, with most sufferers being over the age of 65, so the workforce is not affected. Also, the drugs companies, with headquarters based in MEDCs, make $14billion a year which has a positive impact on development. Whilst there are clearly economic impacts for governments in MEDCs the impact on development is less due to the age CHD strikes people and the fact that they are already more developed economically than countries that are struck with infectious disease. The disease takes resources and affects the workforce but not to the same extent as infectious diseases such as AIDS.