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  1. 1. Norjie Flores BacsanCITE II SAlternative Learning SystemThe Alternative Learning System (ALS) is a free education program implemented bythe Department of Education (DepEd) under the Bureau of Alternative Learning Systemwhich benefits those who cannot afford formal schooling and follows whatever is theiravailable schedule. The program provides a viable alternative to the existing formaleducation instruction, encompassing both the non-formal and informal sources ofknowledge and skills.ObjectiveALS aims to open more educational opportunities for Filipino citizens of differentinterests, capabilities of demographic characteristics, socioeconomic origins and statusas well as addressing the needs of marginalized groups.The program cuts the time needed to finish high school, hence, significantly cuts theexpenses as well. Aside from giving hope to the less fortunate, it also providesopportunities to Out-of-School Youths (OSY) and adults elementary and secondaryschool drop-outs; industry-based workers; housewives; maids; factory workers; drivers;members of cultural minorities; indigenous people and the disabled/physicallychallenged.Training for instructional managers and coordinators are also provided by the programand supports the learners accreditation and equivalency (A&E) review.How Does It WorkIn ALS, students have to attend 10 months of school or 800 hours in the classroom.Then their performance are then assessed.Since ALS is a module-based learning system, students come in on a set time andchoose a module to read. A quiz is given after each module to test their learning.Instead of teachers, facilitators are always present to answer any questions andsometimes lecturers would discuss a certain module. After several months, the studentswill take the Accreditation and Equivalency Test (AET). If they pass the test, they will begiven a high school diploma and can now enroll in college.ALS and A&E TestThe ALS Accreditation and Equivalency ALS A&E test aims to offer learners twolearning achievements at two learning levels-- Elementary and Secondary.It is a paper and pencil-based test, using multiple choice and composition writing. Thetest items are based on the learning competencies of the five learning strands of theALS Curriculum.A first year high school dropout, boxing champion, Manny Pacquiao took and passedthe (AET) under the ALS program. He was presented a high school diploma, makingeligible to pursue college. He was then named as the DepEds Ambassador for the ALS
  2. 2. and People’s Champ for Education. According to Education Secretary, Jesli Lapus,"Manny is an excellent model for all out-of-school children, youth and adults who aredetermined to learn and are able to gain functional literacy skills outside of formalschooling."Open UniversityThe Open University (also commonly referred to by its initialism OU) is a distancelearning and research university founded by Royal Charter in the United Kingdom. Theuniversity is funded by a combination of student fees, contract income, and allocationsfor teaching and research by the higher education funding bodies in each of the fourcountries of the UK (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland). It is notable forhaving an open entry policy, i.e. students previous academic achievements are nottaken into account for entry to most undergraduate courses. The majority of the OUsundergraduate students are based in the United Kingdom and principally study off-campus, but many of its courses (both undergraduate and postgraduate) can be studiedoff-campus anywhere in the world. There are a number of full-time postgraduateresearch students based on the 48 hectare university campus where they use the OUfacilities for research, as well as more than 1000 members of academic and researchstaff and over 2500 administrative, operational and support staff.The OU was established in 1969 and the first students enrolled in January 1971. TheUniversity administration is based at Walton Hall, Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire,but has regional centres in each of its thirteen regions around the United Kingdom. Italso has offices and regional examination centres in most other European countries.The University awards undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, as well as non-degreequalifications such as diplomas and certificates, or continuing education units.With more than 250,000 students enrolled, including around 32,000 aged under 25 andmore than 50,000 overseas students, it is the largest academic institution in the UnitedKingdom (and one of the largest in Europe) by student number, and qualifies as one ofthe worlds largest universities. Since it was founded, more than 1.5 million studentshave studied its courses. It was rated top university in England and Wales for studentsatisfaction in the 2005 and 2006 United Kingdom government national studentsatisfaction survey, and second in the 2007 survey.Out of 132 universities and colleges,the OU was ranked 43rd in the Times Higher Education Table of Excellence in 2008,between the University of Reading and University of the Arts London; it was rated highlyin specific subjects such as art history, sociology (below Oxford and Cambridge) anddevelopment studies. It was ranked overall as a nationally top forty, and globally top fivehundred university by the Academic Ranking of World Universities in 2011, as well asbeing ranked 247 for citations of its academics.
  3. 3. The Open University is also one of only three United Kingdom higher educationinstitutions to gain accreditation in the United States of America by the Middle StatesCommission on Higher Education, an institutional accrediting agency, recognized by theUnited States Secretary of Education and the Council for Higher EducationAccreditation.Distance LearningDistance learning includes both formal courses that may be part of a university levelprogram of study and courses that are taken for personal enrichment. In addition,continuing education courses for professionals are often available on various distancelearning platforms.At present, online distance learning is being met with a great deal of acceptance andeven acclaim by students, education authorities, and employers alike. It allows forvirtual contact between students and educators, as well as between fellow students,and the best online distance learning programs include extensive online libraries as wellas archives of lectures and discussions for constant review. For the most part, onlinedistance learning has replaced older correspondence courses that relied on writtenmaterial and audio or video media to present lectures and other instructional programs.Academic, technical and trade programs are now available via distance learning, andthese encompass every level from instruction that is aimed at obtaining a technicalcertificate to intensive post doctoral study. Subjects offered include everything fromautomotive and appliance repair to post-doctorate finance programs. Non-degreeprograms include language training, as well as personal enrichment courses that covereverything from sushi preparation to advanced graphic art and photography.Distance learning is both a substitute for and an addition to traditional methods ofeducation, and it is found everywhere from the home and the classroom to theexecutive office and the boardroom. Virtual communication with actual educators is aconvenient and efficient reality thanks to the Internet and modern communicationdevices.
  4. 4. Modular Lesson Modular lesson is a lesson in a module type.Writing for Modular1.) Make your lesson readable2.) Use a conversational style3.) Use personal pronouns.4.) Write plainly and simply-Use the right word-Use words, not phrases. -Be precise and Specific -Use strong action verbs. 5.)Use contractions 6.)Use Rhetorical questions 7.)Use a Light touch. 8.)Use humor when appropriate. 9.)Be reader friendly.