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Aqsa

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Aqsa

  1. 1. ALL ABOUT FORESTALL ABOUT FORESTBY:AQSABY:AQSA
  2. 2. TYPES OF FORESTS !TYPES OF FORESTS !1.1. Rain forestsRain forests2.2. Tropical rainforestsTropical rainforests3.3. Sub – tropical forestsSub – tropical forests4. Mediterranean forests5. Temperate forests6.6. Coniferous forestsConiferous forests7. Deciduous Forests
  3. 3. TREES CUTTING DOWN!TREES CUTTING DOWN!DEFORESTATION IS LIKE THERE IS NO TREEDEFORESTATION IS LIKE THERE IS NO TREETHEY HAVE BE CUT BY THE HUMANS. THETHEY HAVE BE CUT BY THE HUMANS. THECHOP DOWN TREES ARE USEFUL TOCHOP DOWN TREES ARE USEFUL TOHUMANS LIKE FURITURE , HOUSES , PAPERHUMANS LIKE FURITURE , HOUSES , PAPERTO USE AT SCHOOL.PLANTS AND TREE STO USE AT SCHOOL.PLANTS AND TREE SARE DEFORESTATION THAT MEANS THEREARE DEFORESTATION THAT MEANS THEREIS NO HOME FOR THE ANIMALS TO STARTIS NO HOME FOR THE ANIMALS TO STARTTHERE HABITAT.THERE HABITAT.
  4. 4. TREES SOULDN’T BE CUT DOWN BECAUSETREES SOULDN’T BE CUT DOWN BECAUSEIT IS PART OF HUMAN LIFE AND ANIMALSIT IS PART OF HUMAN LIFE AND ANIMALSLIFE. IT IS ALSO PART OF ARE FOODLIFE. IT IS ALSO PART OF ARE FOODCHAIN.THERE IS ALWAYS A SYSTEM THATCHAIN.THERE IS ALWAYS A SYSTEM THATAMINALS USE LIKE NATURAL SYSTEMAMINALS USE LIKE NATURAL SYSTEMTHAT IS BALANCED NETWORK OFTHAT IS BALANCED NETWORK OFCONNECTED PARTS. A WATER CYCLE ISCONNECTED PARTS. A WATER CYCLE ISFOUND IN MANY FOREST LIKE THEFOUND IN MANY FOREST LIKE THERAINFOREST . WATER CYCLE IS ALSO ARAINFOREST . WATER CYCLE IS ALSO ANATURAL SYSTEM THAT CREATES ANATURAL SYSTEM THAT CREATES ARENWABLE SUPPLY OF FRESH WATERRENWABLE SUPPLY OF FRESH WATERTHROUGH EVAPORATION , CONTHROUGH EVAPORATION , CON-DENSATION , PERCIPITION .-DENSATION , PERCIPITION .
  5. 5. SPECIES EXTINCTION !SPECIES EXTINCTION !HARMFUL RESULTS OFHARMFUL RESULTS OFDEFORESTATION IS THE EXTINCTIONDEFORESTATION IS THE EXTINCTIONOF ANIMALS AND ALSO PLANTOF ANIMALS AND ALSO PLANTSPECIES .THE ANIMALS DISAPPEARSPECIES .THE ANIMALS DISAPPEARBECAUSE THERE LIFES CYCLE ISBECAUSE THERE LIFES CYCLE ISDISTUREDAND THEY ARE ALSODISTUREDAND THEY ARE ALSOUNABLE TO ADAPT TO THE CHANGES.UNABLE TO ADAPT TO THE CHANGES.WHEN THE ANIMALS DISAPPEARWHEN THE ANIMALS DISAPPEAR,THAT IS CALLED EXTINTION .,THAT IS CALLED EXTINTION .
  6. 6. ESSENTIAL HABITAT MEANS THAT THEESSENTIAL HABITAT MEANS THAT THEANIMALS IS LOST WHEN FORESTS THE ISANIMALS IS LOST WHEN FORESTS THE ISCUT DOWN. WHEN WILD LIFE SPECIESCUT DOWN. WHEN WILD LIFE SPECIESLOSE THEIR HOMES , THERE FOODLOSE THEIR HOMES , THERE FOODSOURCES AND THERE PLACE IN THE WEBSOURCES AND THERE PLACE IN THE WEBOF LIFE . THERE ARE 150 TO 200 ANIMALSOF LIFE . THERE ARE 150 TO 200 ANIMALSARE EXTINCT .ARE EXTINCT .
  7. 7. DEFORESTATION !DEFORESTATION !CAUSES OF DEFORESTATTION :CAUSES OF DEFORESTATTION : Need to increase land for settlements andNeed to increase land for settlements andurbanizationurbanization Timber, for industrial use and as fuel.Timber, for industrial use and as fuel. Large-scale conversion into agriculturalLarge-scale conversion into agriculturalgrounds, corruption and unequalgrounds, corruption and unequaldistribution of wealth.distribution of wealth. Cattle ranching.Cattle ranching. Experimentation with forestryExperimentation with forestry
  8. 8. EFFECTS OF DEFORESTATION !EFFECTS OF DEFORESTATION !1.1. Global warmingGlobal warming2.2. Emission of greenhouse gasesEmission of greenhouse gases3.3. Global climate changeGlobal climate change4.4. Carbon stores in soilCarbon stores in soil5.5. Reduced net oxygen levelsReduced net oxygen levels6.6. Biosphere instabilityBiosphere instability
  9. 9. STATISTIC OF DEORESTATIONSTATISTIC OF DEORESTATIONTHE FORESTS OVER THE WORLD ARETHE FORESTS OVER THE WORLD AREDEFOESTATION ARE LOSES OF LOTSDEFOESTATION ARE LOSES OF LOTSOF TREES BECAUSE THEY AREOF TREES BECAUSE THEY AREILLEGAL LOGGING OPERATIONS.THEILLEGAL LOGGING OPERATIONS.THEHUMANS DON’T CARE ABOUT THEHUMANS DON’T CARE ABOUT THEECOSYSTEM . IT IS ALSO HARMFULECOSYSTEM . IT IS ALSO HARMFULTO THE ANIMALS AND TO THERETO THE ANIMALS AND TO THEREADAPTION.ADAPTION.
  10. 10. QUESTIONS & ANSWERS !QUESTIONS & ANSWERS !WET AND HOT !WET AND HOT !1.Does it always rain in the rainforest ?1.Does it always rain in the rainforest ?YES ,YOU CAN COUNT ON SOME RAIN JUST ABOUT EVERYYES ,YOU CAN COUNT ON SOME RAIN JUST ABOUT EVERYAFTERNOON IN A TROPICAL RAIN FOREST. OFTEN ,THEAFTERNOON IN A TROPICAL RAIN FOREST. OFTEN ,THERAIN FALL IS VERY HARD, BUT IT USUALLY LASTS THANRAIN FALL IS VERY HARD, BUT IT USUALLY LASTS THANAN HOUR . AT LEAST 6 FEET OF RAIN FALLS EVERYAN HOUR . AT LEAST 6 FEET OF RAIN FALLS EVERYYEAR.MANY TROPICAL RAIN FORESTS , HOWEVER ,GETYEAR.MANY TROPICAL RAIN FORESTS , HOWEVER ,GETFAR MORE RAIN THAN THAT .THE YEARLY AVERAGE ISFAR MORE RAIN THAN THAT .THE YEARLY AVERAGE ISABOUT 21 FEET .COMPARE THAT WITH AN AVERAGE OFABOUT 21 FEET .COMPARE THAT WITH AN AVERAGE OFONLY 3FEET A YEAR FOR THE PLANET !ONLY 3FEET A YEAR FOR THE PLANET !
  11. 11. 2. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE RAIN AFTER IT2. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE RAIN AFTER ITFALLS?FALLS?MOST IS SOAKED UP BYTREE ROOTS.THE WATER THENMOST IS SOAKED UP BYTREE ROOTS.THE WATER THENGOES UP INTO LEAVES , WHERE IT IS GIVEN OFF ASGOES UP INTO LEAVES , WHERE IT IS GIVEN OFF ASWATER VAPOR. THER WATER VAPOR GOES INTO THEWATER VAPOR. THER WATER VAPOR GOES INTO THEAIR FORMS A CLOUDS .IN TIME , THE CLOUDS GROWAIR FORMS A CLOUDS .IN TIME , THE CLOUDS GROWTOO HEAVY AND THE WATER FALLS AS RAIN IN THE RAINTOO HEAVY AND THE WATER FALLS AS RAIN IN THE RAINFOREST AND ELSE WHERE.THE CONTINUING CHANGEFOREST AND ELSE WHERE.THE CONTINUING CHANGEFROM RAIN,TO WATER VAPOR , TO FORM A CLOUD,ANDFROM RAIN,TO WATER VAPOR , TO FORM A CLOUD,ANDBACKTO RAIN IS CALLED THE WATER CYCLE .BACKTO RAIN IS CALLED THE WATER CYCLE .WHY ARE RAIN FORESTS CALLEDWHY ARE RAIN FORESTS CALLED “THE LUNGS O“THE LUNGS OTHE WORLD”THE WORLD” ??THE RAIN FORESTS WAS CALLED “THE LUNGS OF THE WORLDTHE RAIN FORESTS WAS CALLED “THE LUNGS OF THE WORLDBECAUSEBECAUSETHE MILLIONS OF TREES IN THE RAIN FOREST TAKES IN CARBONTHE MILLIONS OF TREES IN THE RAIN FOREST TAKES IN CARBONDIOXIDE FROM THE AIR AND GIVE OFF OXYGEN . HUMANS ANDDIOXIDE FROM THE AIR AND GIVE OFF OXYGEN . HUMANS ANDMOST ANIMALS NEED OXYGEN TO BREATH . THE TREES OF THEMOST ANIMALS NEED OXYGEN TO BREATH . THE TREES OF THE
  12. 12. LIFE PROCESSESLIFE PROCESSESTHERE IS A PROCESSES OF EVERYTHERE IS A PROCESSES OF EVERYANIMALS AND HUMANS .THERE ALSOANIMALS AND HUMANS .THERE ALSOLIFE PROCESSES OF PLANTS ANDLIFE PROCESSES OF PLANTS ANDTREES TO. A LIFE PROCESSES ARETREES TO. A LIFE PROCESSES ARECHARACTERICS THAT MOST LIVINGCHARACTERICS THAT MOST LIVINGTHINGS SHARE .THINGS SHARE .
  13. 13. FOOD CHAINSFOOD CHAINSFOOD CHAIN IS AFOOD CHAIN IS APROCESS ANIMALSPROCESS ANIMALSAND US TO .HEREAND US TO .HERESOME FOOD CHAINSOME FOOD CHAINPICTURES. THEPICTURES. THEFOOD WEB IS ANYFOOD WEB IS ANYOTHER WORD OROTHER WORD ORFOOD CHAIN.FOOD CHAIN.
  14. 14. THE THREE LAYERS O THETHE THREE LAYERS O THERAIN FORESTS !RAIN FORESTS !1.EMERGENT1.EMERGENT2.CANOPY2.CANOPY3.UNDERSTORY3.UNDERSTORY4.FOREEST FLOOR4.FOREEST FLOOR
  15. 15. FORESTS DESTORYFORESTS DESTORYWHEN HUMANS ACCIDENTLYWHEN HUMANS ACCIDENTLYINCONNECT OUR ECOSYSTEM THATINCONNECT OUR ECOSYSTEM THATMEANS WHERE ANIMALS HAVEMEANS WHERE ANIMALS HAVETROPIC CANCER.THAT ‘S NOT JUSTINTROPIC CANCER.THAT ‘S NOT JUSTINTHE WORLD HUMANS HAVE CANCER.THE WORLD HUMANS HAVE CANCER.NOW ANIMALS DO .THESE FORESTNOW ANIMALS DO .THESE FORESTHAVE BEEN REDUCED.IN THE OLDHAVE BEEN REDUCED.IN THE OLDTIME WHEN THE ICE AGES CAME TETIME WHEN THE ICE AGES CAME TECLIMATE ALSO CHANGED IN THECLIMATE ALSO CHANGED IN THETROPICS.TROPICS.
  16. 16. IT WAS LIKE DRIER AND COLDER AND THEIT WAS LIKE DRIER AND COLDER AND THERAINFOREST SHURNK IN SIZE . SO THERAINFOREST SHURNK IN SIZE . SO THERAINFOREST IS VERY SMALL BECAUSE OF THERAINFOREST IS VERY SMALL BECAUSE OF THEICE AGES THE RAINFOREST ALMOST GOTICE AGES THE RAINFOREST ALMOST GOTDESTORY .AFTER THE ICE AGES THERE WAS ADESTORY .AFTER THE ICE AGES THERE WAS ADOTTED GREEN PLAIN GRASS .THERE WEREDOTTED GREEN PLAIN GRASS .THERE WEREALOT OF ANIMALS AND THE PLANTSALOT OF ANIMALS AND THE PLANTSSURVIVED.THIS WAS EXPANION OF PERIOD FORSURVIVED.THIS WAS EXPANION OF PERIOD FORTHE RAINFOREST.THERE WAS A BELT OF RAINTHE RAINFOREST.THERE WAS A BELT OF RAINFOREST 600 MILES WIDE ENCIRCLE THE EARTH .FOREST 600 MILES WIDE ENCIRCLE THE EARTH .THIS INTERRUPED THE OCEAN AND LOTS OFTHIS INTERRUPED THE OCEAN AND LOTS OFFOREST AND CYCLES TOO.FOREST AND CYCLES TOO.
  17. 17. LOTS OF RAINFOREST HAVE BEENLOTS OF RAINFOREST HAVE BEENEXTICTED BY LOTS OF TIME CHANGES .EXTICTED BY LOTS OF TIME CHANGES .THERE ARE REALLY 3 IMPROTANTSOESTHERE ARE REALLY 3 IMPROTANTSOESTHEY ARE “LOWLAND RAIN FOREST “,THEY ARE “LOWLAND RAIN FOREST “,”MONTANE RAIN FOREST “ ,” TROPICAL”MONTANE RAIN FOREST “ ,” TROPICALRAIN FOREST ”.THE LOWLANDRAIN FOREST ”.THE LOWLANDRAINFORESTS IS A TYPICAL RAINFOREST .RAINFORESTS IS A TYPICAL RAINFOREST .THE TEMPERATURE LIES BETWEEN 68 F &THE TEMPERATURE LIES BETWEEN 68 F &86 F AND ALSO THE MINIMUM RAIN FALL IS86 F AND ALSO THE MINIMUM RAIN FALL ISAT LEAST OF 70 INCHES PER YEAR.MOSTAT LEAST OF 70 INCHES PER YEAR.MOSTOF THIS RAINFALLS DURING HEAVYOF THIS RAINFALLS DURING HEAVYAFTERNOON THERE IS MOSTAFTERNOON THERE IS MOSTTHUNDERSTORMS.THUNDERSTORMS.
  18. 18. THE HUMDITY IS HIGH AROUND 80% .SINCETHE HUMDITY IS HIGH AROUND 80% .SINCETHE MOST WIDE SPREAD FORM RAINTHE MOST WIDE SPREAD FORM RAINFOREST .FOREST .
  19. 19. HERE SOME BELOW THIS INFOHERE SOME BELOW THIS INFOTHIS IS A BAND TOSTOP HAVE TREESTHIS IS A BAND TOSTOP HAVE TREESBEEN CUT . IT IS REALLY DISTURINGBEEN CUT . IT IS REALLY DISTURINGTO A LIFE CYCLE AND OURTO A LIFE CYCLE AND OURECOSYSTEM . THIS IS A PIAN TOECOSYSTEM . THIS IS A PIAN TOANIMALS ANS SOME PEOPLE . IF YOUANIMALS ANS SOME PEOPLE . IF YOUHAVEN’T SEE THE “REVOLUTION “HAVEN’T SEE THE “REVOLUTION “YOU MUCH .YOU MUCH .
  20. 20. THIS IS MY BEST I HAVE DONE OR THETHIS IS MY BEST I HAVE DONE OR THEWORLD BECAUSE I LIKE STUDY THEWORLD BECAUSE I LIKE STUDY THEENIVROMENT MUCH THAN HUMANS . THISENIVROMENT MUCH THAN HUMANS . THISWHY I WANTED PLANTS AND THEREWHY I WANTED PLANTS AND THEREDISTURED CYCLE TO BE BACK ANDDISTURED CYCLE TO BE BACK ANDHEALTHLY .HEALTHLY .
  21. 21. PICTURESPICTURES

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