Role of Media in World Wars and Propogandas

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Role of Media in World Wars, different countries in world wars and use of Propaganda for various reasons

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Role of Media in World Wars and Propogandas

  1. 1. Presented By: Aqib Maniar MBA – AMM Institute of Business Management
  2. 2.  Propaganda is a specific type of message presentation aimed at serving an agenda. At its root, the denotation of propaganda is 'to propagate (actively spread) a philosophy or point of view'.
  3. 3.  Each of the nations which participated in World War One from 1914-18 used propaganda posters.  They used posters to: • justify their involvement to their own populace • As a means of recruiting men • A way to raise money and resources to sustain the military campaign. • To urge conservation
  4. 4.  Television had not yet been invented  Not everyone owned or had access to a radio  Posters were the most effective means of getting a message across
  5. 5.  Quite often propaganda is connected with negative emotions  During the Great War the governments needed money for the war effort so they focused their efforts on posters aimed at raising money from citizens for the war effort
  6. 6. Poster 1
  7. 7. Poster 2
  8. 8. Poster 3
  9. 9. Poster 4
  10. 10. Poster 5
  11. 11. Poster 6
  12. 12. Poster 7
  13. 13. The media was the major source of information for Americans during the Second World War. In addition, the media created the image of Adolf Hitler as it was perceived by the average American during that time.
  14. 14.  From a population of only 11.5 million, slightly more than one million Canadians served in uniform during the conflict.  These military contributions helped win the war, but the cost was high: more than 42,000 Canadians lost their lives, and another 55,000 were wounded.
  15. 15.  News about the war was generally received from such sources as radio, newspapers, magazines, and newsreels
  16. 16.  The Canadian government campaign to stimulate support for the war amongst Canadians.They used war posters to recruit, to encourage wartime productivity and to raise money through Victory Bonds
  17. 17.  1938 WWII, President Roosevelt; Office of War Information; USIS; cultural exchange 1942 Voice of America
  18. 18.  In the 1950’s, communism was not an imagined enemy, it had concrete shape in the form of the Soviet Union.  Many hindrances were encountered in America’s fight against communism:  The Korean deadlock  The defeat of China  The development of the Atomic bomb by the Soviets  People were searching for somebody to blame  State and local governments, the judiciary, schools and universities, labor unions .  Not only was the fear of communism in the air, but also the fear of being suspected of ties with communists.
  19. 19. PSC783 Cold War Propaganda 24
  20. 20.  1948 -U.S. Advisory Commission on Information; USIA decision; U.S.-U.K. Fulbright Commission  1949-1954 Fulbright & International Visitors Program & Die Neue Zeitung in Germany;  1950 Radio Free Europe  1953 USIA (+VOA); DOS (+ Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, a.k.a. CU); Radio Liberty http://www.rferl.org/info/books/201.html
  21. 21. PSC783 Cold War Propaganda 26
  22. 22. THANKYOU !!!!!!

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