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Google Operators Google Operators  are used to manipulate Google's search on a particular topic / keyword.
AND operator <ul><li>Commands Google to search for the two keywords
Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Karl marx AND materialism
tom AND jerry
(AND is all caps) </li></ul>
 
OR operator <ul><li>Commands Google to search any of the keywords
Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>email OR e-mail (variations)
ceteris paribus OR citeris paribus (spelling)
High blood pressure OR hypertension (synonyms) </li></ul><ul>(OR is all caps) </ul>
 
Inclusion operator (+)  <ul><li>Commands Google to include the indicated keyword, especially  when adding a  stop word*  t...
Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky (space) +I(stop word)
Philippines (space) +total population
*Stop words  include most articles (such as  the, and,  and  or ), </li></ul>prepositions ( after, in,  and so on), pronou...
 
Exclusion operator (-) <ul><li>Commands Google to exclude a specified term
Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Flu (space) -bird
work (space) -business (space) -religion (space) -philosophy </li></ul>
 
Quotation Marks (“”) <ul><li>Commands Google to present pages containing the exact phrase
Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>“ university of the philippines”
“ The never ending story” </li></ul>
 
Wildcard operator (*) <ul><li>Commands Google to match any terms
Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>“ wake me up when* ends”
“ rage against”** or, “rage against **” </li></ul>
 
Synonym Operator (~) <ul><li>Commands Google to match web synonyms as well as the keyword
Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic ~data  (data has several synonyms: traffic  statistics , traffic  information , traffi...
~rendezvous </li></ul>
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3 Google Operators

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3 Google Operators

  1. 1. Google Operators Google Operators are used to manipulate Google's search on a particular topic / keyword.
  2. 2. AND operator <ul><li>Commands Google to search for the two keywords
  3. 3. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Karl marx AND materialism
  4. 4. tom AND jerry
  5. 5. (AND is all caps) </li></ul>
  6. 7. OR operator <ul><li>Commands Google to search any of the keywords
  7. 8. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>email OR e-mail (variations)
  8. 9. ceteris paribus OR citeris paribus (spelling)
  9. 10. High blood pressure OR hypertension (synonyms) </li></ul><ul>(OR is all caps) </ul>
  10. 12. Inclusion operator (+) <ul><li>Commands Google to include the indicated keyword, especially when adding a stop word* to get the best result
  11. 13. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky (space) +I(stop word)
  12. 14. Philippines (space) +total population
  13. 15. *Stop words include most articles (such as the, and, and or ), </li></ul>prepositions ( after, in, and so on), pronouns (I), how, it, and forms of the verb to be ( is, was, will be, and so on), and some single letters.
  14. 17. Exclusion operator (-) <ul><li>Commands Google to exclude a specified term
  15. 18. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Flu (space) -bird
  16. 19. work (space) -business (space) -religion (space) -philosophy </li></ul>
  17. 21. Quotation Marks (“”) <ul><li>Commands Google to present pages containing the exact phrase
  18. 22. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>“ university of the philippines”
  19. 23. “ The never ending story” </li></ul>
  20. 25. Wildcard operator (*) <ul><li>Commands Google to match any terms
  21. 26. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>“ wake me up when* ends”
  22. 27. “ rage against”** or, “rage against **” </li></ul>
  23. 29. Synonym Operator (~) <ul><li>Commands Google to match web synonyms as well as the keyword
  24. 30. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic ~data (data has several synonyms: traffic statistics , traffic information , traffic sites , etc.)
  25. 31. ~rendezvous </li></ul>
  26. 33. Related Operator (related:) <ul><li>Commands Google to show relevant with high PageRank pages of a given page
  27. 34. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>related:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerbil (original page)
  28. 35. related:www.dictionary.com </li></ul>
  29. 37. Occurrences Operators (allin: & in:) <ul><li>Commands Google to pinpoint the occurrence of keywords in specific elements of Web pages and Web links.
  30. 38. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>allintitle: the effects of too much smoking (Google returns results with all six words in the HTML title of a page)
  31. 39. intitle: smoking (for single search term) </li></ul>
  32. 40. Grouping the Occurrences Operators Where to Look for Terms Text of Links to Page Text of a Web Page Title of a Web Page URL of a Web Page allin: (all search terms) allinanchor: allintext: allintitle: allinurl: in: (single search terms) inanchor: intext: intitle: inurl:
  33. 41. Occurrences Operators (continuation...) <ul>Definition of terms: <li>Anchor: makes up a description of a link
  34. 42. Text: the text written in the body of a page
  35. 43. Title: t he name of the HTML file
  36. 44. URL: Uniform Resource Locator or address in human-readable form on the Web </li></ul>
  37. 45. Including and excluding with the occurrences operators <ul><li>Example 1: </li></ul><ul><li>intitle:wikipedia -inurl:wikipedia </li></ul><ul>(if an HKA wants page titles about wikipedia but exludes it from the URL) <li>Example 2: </li></ul><ul><li>allintext:the da vinci code +allintitle:the da vinci code </li></ul><ul>(if an HKA wants the book written on the Web Page and included on the HTML title </ul>
  38. 47. Including and excluding with the occurrences operators <ul><li>Example 3:
  39. 48. intitle:tax -intext:income
  40. 49. (this will help the HKA narrow down the topic)
  41. 50. Example 4:
  42. 51. intitle:tax -intext:income +inurl:economics </li></ul>
  43. 53. define: operator <ul><li>Commands Google to get automatically the web-definition of a word or a phrase
  44. 54. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>define:hypnerotomachia poliphili
  45. 55. define:gourmet </li></ul>
  46. 57. filetype: operator <ul><li>Commands Google to restrict a search to a specific format ( pdf, doc, ps, xls, ppt, rtf, etc.)
  47. 58. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>filetype:pdf supply and demand
  48. 59. filetype:doc ceteris paribus </li></ul>
  49. 61. site: operator <ul><li>Commands Google to restrict searches to a site or a domain ( .com, .edu, .org, etc. )
  50. 62. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>site:.edu somnambulism
  51. 63. site:.org hypertension </li></ul>
  52. 65. More Google Operators... <ul><li>[#]…[#]: Search within a range of numbers </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. DVD player $50..100 </li></ul><ul>(Search for DVD players between $50 and $100) <li>link: linked pages </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. link:www.stanford.edu (Find pages that link to the Stanford University website) </li></ul><ul><li>Info: Info about a page </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. info:www.stanford.edu (Find information about the Stanford University website) </li></ul>

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