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What’s Up @ Kno.e.sis?
Review of Sheth’s Group
(Updated Dec 2015)
Sheth Group: All Funded
Our Group’s Research Themes (2014)
Vision: Computing for Human Experience.
Strategy: Innovation with real-world impact.
Th...
A Unique approach
Aspects Shared by Our Projects:
• Real-world impact through partnership/collaboration with domain
scient...
Sample Questions Driving Our Research
• Can we predict health changes/deterioration (e.g., asthma attacks) for interventio...
Student Success: Our most important performance measure
Exceptional publication impact: 11 out of Sheth’s 20 PhDs have 1,...
Student Success: continued
Exceptional first jobs
 Tenure track/tenured at higher ranked departments, e.g., George Mason...
Showcase
Showcase: http://knoesis.org/hemant
Showcase: http://knoesis.org/researchers/cory
We are well funded:
Projects with Sheth as a PI > 7.6 million
Total Kno.e.sis active funds > 8.3 million*
* Only funds whe...
CityPulse: Smart Data for Smart Cities
Physical-Cyber-Social computing for SmartCity:
Semantic integration of and reasonin...
CityPulse: Synergistic Social/Sensor/IoT
Streaming Data Analysis
City Traffic Event Extraction from Twitter Stream
Active ...
Twitris
Most comprehensive, commercial grade real-time semantic
analysis of social
Media combined with domain-specific and...
Dimensions of Analysis
More on this
SOCS: Social Media Based Coordination
During Disasters
During the Jammu-Kashmir flood, digital volunteers used Twitris tec...
SOCS: Social Media Based Coordination
During Disasters
Key technical advancements:
• Technology to identify and match inte...
Real-time matching of supply
with needs during a disaster
First Monday paper
PREDOSE: PREscription Drug abuse Online
Surveillance and Epidemiology
A social media analytics semantic web platform devel...
PREDOSE: Purpose
To determine user knowledge,
attitude, and behavior related to
the non-medical use of
pharmaceutical opio...
PREDOSE: Key Technical Issues
Use of structured background knowledge to enhance:
• Entity identification and disambiguatio...
PREDOSE: Key Outcomes
• Loperamide discovery; drug users abuse imodium for self
medication from withdrawal by megadosing. ...
kHealth
With the increasing number of affordable sensors and computing
power, it is now possible to address a large number...
kHealth
kHealth
Key Research & Technology:
• Knowledge Representation to describe a domain (logic
and probabilistic).
• Semantic P...
kHealth
Current kHealth applications:
• Reducing re-hospitalization of ADFH patients
• Reducing asthma incidences in child...
eDrug Trends
Ohio Center of Excellence in Knowledge-Enabled Computing
Principal Investigators: Prof. Amit P. Sheth, Prof. ...
eDrugTrends
Key questions addressed in eDrugTrends:
• How to identify and compare trends in knowledge, attitudes, and
beha...
Context-Aware Harassment
Detection on Social Media
Principal Investigators: Prof. Amit P. Sheth
Co-Investigators: Valerie ...
Social and Physical Sensing Enabled Decision Support for
Disaster Management and Response
Principal Investigators: Prof. A...
Modeling Social Behavior for
Healthcare Utilization in Depression
Principal Investigators: Prof. Amit P. Sheth, Prof. Jyot...
Additional Funded Projects (incomplete list)
● PFI: AIR-TT: Market-driven Innovations and Scaling up of Twitris - A System...
Let’s Talk Big & Smart Data @ Kno.e.sis
• Social Media Big Data - Twitris, eDrugTrends
• Sensor/IoT Big Data - CityPulse, ...
We are World Class….(last available data, but not updated recently by MAS)
Economic & IP Development
 Created Twitris, a Commercial Grade software, which had significant NSF
and AFRL research fund...
Extensive Major Media Coverage
Major media coverage
Examples of Real-world Impact
Natural Disaster/Crisis Response Coordination:
During Hurricane Phallin, Uttarakhand floods,...
Our Most Important Metric of Success
World-class graduates:
• Innovative, confident, good communicators
• Sound technologi...
Even more @
http://knoesis.org
http://knoesis.org/amit
Kno.e.sis:
Ohio Center of Excellence in Knowledge-enabled Computing
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What's up at Kno.e.sis?

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This is a brief a brief review of current multi-disciplinary and collaborative projects at Kno.e.sis led by Prof. Amit Sheth. They cover research in big social data, IoT, semantic web, semantic sensor web, health informatics, personalized digital health, social data for social good, smart city, crisis informatics, digital data for material genome initiative, etc. Dec 2015 edition.

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What's up at Kno.e.sis?

  1. 1. What’s Up @ Kno.e.sis? Review of Sheth’s Group (Updated Dec 2015)
  2. 2. Sheth Group: All Funded
  3. 3. Our Group’s Research Themes (2014) Vision: Computing for Human Experience. Strategy: Innovation with real-world impact. Themes: • Big Data/Smart Data • Physical-Cyber Social Computing • Semantic Web • Semantic Social Web and Computational Social Science Semantic Sensor Web (IoT/Web of Things) • Personalized Digital Health • Health Informatics, Crisis Informatics See: http://knoesis.org/vision
  4. 4. A Unique approach Aspects Shared by Our Projects: • Real-world impact through partnership/collaboration with domain scientists/end-users. • Often addresses important human/social/economic development challenges. • Real-world scale: at minimum, developing robust prototypes (open source tools/platforms) using real-world data and knowledge; often pursues multidisciplinary research. • Tendency to lead to operational applications/tools/systems, technology transfer, products, or services. • High-risk/high-impact; avoids incremental work.
  5. 5. Sample Questions Driving Our Research • Can we predict health changes/deterioration (e.g., asthma attacks) for intervention before an episode occurs in order to prevent them altogether? • Can we make computers recognize implicit information present in medical records in order to provide a comprehensive data set to the models that attempt to understand patient health status? • Can we automatically extract highly sparse actionable intent of emerging resource needs and availability, as well as match them during dynamic disaster response, which aids situational awareness & coordination? • Can we mine societal beliefs, lack of services, and laws from social media conversations on gender-based violence to assist regional policy makers? • Can we empower city authorities to make policy decisions by predicting impending city issues such as traffic, crime, and pollution?
  6. 6. Student Success: Our most important performance measure Exceptional publication impact: 11 out of Sheth’s 20 PhDs have 1,000+ citations each (3 over 5,000); Average citation for Sheth’s first 18 PhDs: 1,400+ Publications in top venues and conferences: • ACM TIST, VLDB Journal, Comp in Human Behavior, AAAI, CSCW Journal, Web Semantics JMIR, JBI, First Monday • ACL, ICWSM, CSCW, ISWC, SocInfo, ESWC, VLDB, WWW, AMIA Serving on top conference PCs: WWW, ISWC, ESWC, CIKM, ICWSM,… Major Awards:  2015-2016 George Thomas Post-Graduate Fellowship,  2015 Eric & Wendy Schmidt Data Science for Social Good Fellowship,  2015 USAID and ICT4Peace Fellowship,  2014 ITU Telecom World Young Innovators, etc. Outstanding or Best CS Department student award: all years since 2007
  7. 7. Student Success: continued Exceptional first jobs  Tenure track/tenured at higher ranked departments, e.g., George Mason U., Case Western Reserve University, North Carolina State University  Top research labs/high-tech companies: IBM Almaden Research, IBM TJWatson Research, Amazon, CISCO  Successful entrepreneurs Exceptional starting salaries: six figures for M.S. Exceptional internships: IBM Research Almaden/Watson, HP Research, Samsung Research, Bosch R&D, Mayo, NLM, PNNL, etc. Exceptional professional services: Invited talks; PC membership of 10-20 conferences, usually involving top conferences in their fields 50% of the Sheth’s PhDs have filed at least 2 patents; 1 former PhD has filed 30+ patents.
  8. 8. Showcase
  9. 9. Showcase: http://knoesis.org/hemant
  10. 10. Showcase: http://knoesis.org/researchers/cory
  11. 11. We are well funded: Projects with Sheth as a PI > 7.6 million Total Kno.e.sis active funds > 8.3 million* * Only funds where a Kno.e.sis faculty is PI or joint PI are counted (funds with faculty as co-PI or investigator are not counted)
  12. 12. CityPulse: Smart Data for Smart Cities Physical-Cyber-Social computing for SmartCity: Semantic integration of and reasoning over IoT/sensor and social big data to power advanced smart city applications. Sponsor: EU City Pulse Consortium
  13. 13. CityPulse: Synergistic Social/Sensor/IoT Streaming Data Analysis City Traffic Event Extraction from Twitter Stream Active (green) and Scheduled (yellow) Events in San Francisco Bay Area Heatmap of events in Bay Area What are the events that influence traffic in a city? What is the impact of these events on traffic delays?
  14. 14. Twitris Most comprehensive, commercial grade real-time semantic analysis of social Media combined with domain-specific and domain independent background knowledge and open data. Provides campaigns that anyone can run for deep insights and actionable information from big social and Web data. Components used in major crisis such as JK Floods 2014, Chennai Floods 2015, etc. [see media coverage] Funded by: NSF SOCS, AFRL, NSF I-CORPS, NSF PF:AIR-TT
  15. 15. Dimensions of Analysis More on this
  16. 16. SOCS: Social Media Based Coordination During Disasters During the Jammu-Kashmir flood, digital volunteers used Twitris technology and SOCS research to identify rescue requests, to redirect the Indian Army’s rescue team, and to identify key influencers to increase public outreach. SOCS team provided a massive (32,000+ messages) Twitter stream and its filtering analysis via a web interface for a regional emergency preparedness functional exercise involving public information officers (PIOs) of hospitals, fire departments, and the local Red Cross, as well as city and county government officials. It is a service to mine request-offer intentions for help, and it has been open sourced and integrated with Ushahidi’s CrisisNET - the firehose of crisis data. http://knoesis.org/amit/media Sponsor: NSF
  17. 17. SOCS: Social Media Based Coordination During Disasters Key technical advancements: • Technology to identify and match intent from user-generated content (UGC) using knowledge of psycholinguistic-patterns in the classification. • Target-specific sentiment analysis to improve semantic understanding of UGC by leveraging domain-specific vocabularies. • Defining a novel method of understanding group dynamics via divergence in group discussions over time, which merges content analysis with traditional approach of networks, employing socio-psychological theories. • Efficient community discovery using content and networks (OSU team). Project: http://knoesis.org/projects/socs
  18. 18. Real-time matching of supply with needs during a disaster First Monday paper
  19. 19. PREDOSE: PREscription Drug abuse Online Surveillance and Epidemiology A social media analytics semantic web platform developed to detect emerging patterns and trends in prescription drug abuse through automatic information extraction from unstructured text. Funded the same week the White House announced its initiative to curb prescription drug abuse. Project: http://wiki.knoesis.org/index.php/PREDOSE Partner: Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research (CITAR)
  20. 20. PREDOSE: Purpose To determine user knowledge, attitude, and behavior related to the non-medical use of pharmaceutical opioids (namel buprenorphine) as discussed on Web forums. To determine spatio-temporal thematic patterns and trends in pharmaceutical opioid abuse as discussed on Web forums.
  21. 21. PREDOSE: Key Technical Issues Use of structured background knowledge to enhance: • Entity identification and disambiguation • Relationship extraction • Triple Extraction • Sentiment Analysis • Template Patterns • Trend Analysis
  22. 22. PREDOSE: Key Outcomes • Loperamide discovery; drug users abuse imodium for self medication from withdrawal by megadosing. Clinical side effect (PMVT). Reported finding led to a warning to users, issued on one of the selected sites for the study. • Knowledge-aware search; a hybrid approach to information retrieval using a context free grammar (CFG) to interpret data from four diverse categories (ontology, lexicon, lexico-ontology, rules)
  23. 23. kHealth With the increasing number of affordable sensors and computing power, it is now possible to address a large number of healthcare challenges that can have profound implications using dHealth, mHealth, and AI technologies. Our specific interest is in the early indicators of health change.
  24. 24. kHealth
  25. 25. kHealth Key Research & Technology: • Knowledge Representation to describe a domain (logic and probabilistic). • Semantic Perception to derive abstractions from raw data. • Efficient execution on resource constrained devices.
  26. 26. kHealth Current kHealth applications: • Reducing re-hospitalization of ADFH patients • Reducing asthma incidences in children* • Improving patient care and caregiver support for patients with dementia* • Reducing rehospitalization of GI patients * On-going testing and evaluation with patients under clinical care under approved IRB Video: http://youtu.be/mATRAQ90wio
  27. 27. eDrug Trends Ohio Center of Excellence in Knowledge-Enabled Computing Principal Investigators: Prof. Amit P. Sheth, Prof. Raminta Daniulaityte Co-Investigators: Robert Carlson, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Ramzi Nahhas, Silvia Martins (Columbia), Edward W. Boyer (U. Mass.) PhD Students: Farahnaz Golroo, Sanjaya Wijeratne, Lu Chen, Adarsh Alex MS Student: Adarsh Alex Postdoctoral Researcher: Francois Lamy Software Engineer: Gary Smith  NIH Award#: 5 R01 DA039454-02  Trending: Social media analysis to monitor cannabis and synthetic cannabinoid use  Timeline: 15 Sep. 2014 - 14 Sep. 2018  Award Amount: $1,689,019 + $162,505
  28. 28. eDrugTrends Key questions addressed in eDrugTrends: • How to identify and compare trends in knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to cannabis and synthetic cannabinoid use across U.S. regions with different cannabis legalization policies using Twitter and Web forum data. • How to identify key influencers (opinion leaders) in cannabis and synthetic cannabinoid-related discussions on social media. Partner: Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research (CITAR)
  29. 29. Context-Aware Harassment Detection on Social Media Principal Investigators: Prof. Amit P. Sheth Co-Investigators: Valerie Shalin, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan Other Faculty: Debra Steele-Johnson, Dr. Jack L. Dustin PhD Students: Lu Chen, Wenbo Wang, Monireh Ebrahimi, Kathleen Renee Wylds MS Students: Pranav Karan, Rajeshwari Kandakatla Collaboration with Beavercreek High School Ohio Center of Excellence in Knowledge-Enabled Computing  NSF Award#: CNS 1513721  TWC SBE: Medium: Context-Aware Harassment Detection on Social Media  Timeline: 01 Sep. 2015 - 31 Aug. 2018  Award Amount: $925,104 + $16,000 (REU)
  30. 30. Social and Physical Sensing Enabled Decision Support for Disaster Management and Response Principal Investigators: Prof. Amit P. Sheth, Prof. Srinivasan Parthasarathy (OSU) Co-Principal Investigators: Densheng Liu (OSU), Ethan Kubatko (OSU), Valerie Shalin, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan PhD Students: Sarasi Lalithsena, Pavan Kapanipathi, Hussein Olimat MS Student: Siva Kumar Postdoctoral Researcher: Tanvi Banerjee Ohio Center of Excellence in Knowledge-Enabled Computing  NSF Award#: EAR 1520870  Hazards SEES: Social and Physical Sensing Enabled Decision Support for Disaster Management and Response  Timeline: 01 Jul. 2015 - 31 Jul. 2019  Award Amount: $1,975,000 (WSU: $787,500)
  31. 31. Modeling Social Behavior for Healthcare Utilization in Depression Principal Investigators: Prof. Amit P. Sheth, Prof. Jyotishman Pathak (Cornell) Co-Investigators: Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Tanvi Banerjee, William V. Bobo (Mayo Clinic), Nilay D Shah (Mayo Clinic), Lila J Rutten (Mayo Clinic), Jennifer B McCormick (Mayo Clinic), Gyorgy Simon (Mayo Clinic) Other Faculty: Debra Steele-Johnson, Jack Dustin PhD Students: Ashutosh Jadhav, Amir Hossein Yazdavar, Hussein Al-Olimat Master Student: Surendra Marupudi Visiting Scholar: SoonJye Kho Ohio Center of Excellence in Knowledge-Enabled Computing  NIH Award#: 1 R01 MH105384-01A1  Modeling Social Behavior for Healthcare Utilization in Depression  Timeline: 1 Jul. 2015 - 30 Jun. 2019  Award Amount: $1,934,525 (WSU: $505,600)
  32. 32. Additional Funded Projects (incomplete list) ● PFI: AIR-TT: Market-driven Innovations and Scaling up of Twitris - A System for Collective Social Intelligence; 200K, Sheth, Mackay ● Medical Information Decision Assistance and Support; 25K, Prasad, Sheth ● Westwood Partnership to Prevent Juvenile Repeat Violent Offenders; $200K, Sheth, Doran, Dustin ● Semantic Web-based Data Exchange and Interoperability for OEM-Supplier Collaboration; 89K, Prasad, Sheth ● NIDA National Early Warning System Network (iN3): An Innovative Approach; 299K, Carlson, Sheth, Boyer, Daniulaityte, Nahas ● SemMat: Federated Semantic Services Platform for Materials Science and Engineering; 315K, Sheth, Prasad, Srinivasan ● Materials Database Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining; 190K, Sheth, Prasad, Srinivasan Unfunded projects: ● Formal RDF graph model-singleton property with applications to provenance, access control; massively scalable graph querying and storage (PNNL, NLM, IIT-D, W3C, ….). ● Gender-Based Violence (United Nations Population Fund).
  33. 33. Let’s Talk Big & Smart Data @ Kno.e.sis • Social Media Big Data - Twitris, eDrugTrends • Sensor/IoT Big Data - CityPulse, kHealth • Healthcare Big Data - EMR, Prediction • Biomedical Big Data - SCOONER, Biomarkers from NextGen Sequence and Proteomics Data • Big and Smart Data Science Certificate Kno.e.sis private cloud: 864 cores,18TB RAM, 17TB SSD, 435TB disk
  34. 34. We are World Class….(last available data, but not updated recently by MAS)
  35. 35. Economic & IP Development  Created Twitris, a Commercial Grade software, which had significant NSF and AFRL research funds, followed by NSF I-CORP and NSF-PFI-AIR funding; currently VC/entrepreneurs are evaluating for potential licensing/start up  One recent patent awarded, two filed  Many more patents filed by companies where Kno.e.sis students intern  ezDI has funded Sponsored Research for the fifth year in the row and now has major successful products  A local entrepreneur has just signed Sponsored Research that is essentially incubating his company in Kno.e.sis  On going SBIR/STTR collaborations helping economic development
  36. 36. Extensive Major Media Coverage Major media coverage
  37. 37. Examples of Real-world Impact Natural Disaster/Crisis Response Coordination: During Hurricane Phallin, Uttarakhand floods, JK floods our technology was used by digital volunteers for real-time rescue response coordination, saving lives. Semantic Web-empowered NLU* of clinical text: commercialized as part of Computer Assisted Coding, etc. Application deployed for operational use, open source ontologies, tools, data, patents, etc. *Natural Language Understanding
  38. 38. Our Most Important Metric of Success World-class graduates: • Innovative, confident, good communicators • Sound technological & engineering skills • Well-networked, exceptionally well cited • Granted top internships and awards, hired to top jobs in their fields, able to pursue careers of their choosing (academic, industry research, R&D, entrepreneurship, etc.) • Exceptionally successful and leaders in their area in a short time See: http://knoesis.org/amit/students
  39. 39. Even more @ http://knoesis.org http://knoesis.org/amit Kno.e.sis: Ohio Center of Excellence in Knowledge-enabled Computing

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