What is Psychoanalysis &Humanistic Behavior?Ch. 17 Section 2Can I psychoanalyze you?*Among dozens of types ofPsychotherapy, we will lookat only the most influential
I.Psychoanalysis Based on the theories of Sigmund Freud *He believed that *Psychological Disturbances are due to anxiety caused by hidden conflicts amount the unconscious components of one’s personality. Psychoanalysis is therapy aimed at making patients aware of their unconscious motives- so they can gain control over their behavior. *Do we know the difference between consciousness and unconsciousness? Iceberg example Therapist are called psychoanalyst
I. Psychoanalyst *They believe that if a patients can understand their unconscious motives, then have taken the FIRST step toward gaining control over their behavior and free themselves of their problems--- this understanding is called INSIGHT- or sudden realization of the solution to a problem. *Few clinicians practice therapy as Freud did today, but his terminology has crept
I. Slow Procedure May take years of 50 min sessions several times a week-before fundamental changes
Three Different Types or ways toPsychoanalyze a Client A. Free Association B. Dream Analysis C. Transference
A. Free Association This is when the Therapist tells the patient to relax and talk about everything that comes to mind. *The patient may consider some passing thoughts too unimportant, or too embarrassing to mention- but everything needs to be expressed! *It sounds easy, but soon you notice how often you edit your thoughts as you speak- omitting things.
*As the Patient lies on the couch, he orshe might describe dreams, discussprivate thoughts, or recall longforgotten experiences* The whole goal of FreeAssociation is to unearththe past in hope ofunmaking the present.
i. Resistance: The reluctance of a patient either to reveal painful feelings or to examine longstanding behavior patterns. *difficult to reveal painful things Sometimes your mind goes blank By analyzing and uncovering the resistances- both the therapist & patient can understand the source of anxieties- and how the patient deals. Or maybe uncover something the patient is defending or hiding
B. Dream Analysis Where the Psychoanalyst interprets the clients dreams Freud believes that dreams express unconscious thoughts & feelings Latent Content: hidden meaning represented symbolically in the dream *Little evidence linking dreams to real life problems
C. Transference Where the analyst begins to appear in the patient’s associations & Dreams The patients is beginning to feel toward the analyst the way he or she feels towards some other important figure in their life. *By understanding Transference, the patient becomes aware of hidden feelings and motivations
Remember: The role of Psychoanalysis is to show the role of the unconscious and provide insight for the client. *Its not for everyone- Requires an average of 600 sessions $100 a hour, 3 sessions a week- cost of $30,000 yr *People who loose touch with reality-for instance, a person suffering from schizophrenia- will not benefit from psychoanalysis
II. Humanistic Therapy Goal: Help people fulfill their human potential By 1. Personal Responsibility 2. Freedom of Choice 3. Authentic Relationships *Given rise to several approaches to psychotherapy- Known collectively as Client- Centered Therapy
Client- Centered Therapy Based on theories of Carl Rogers Depends on the person’s own motivation toward growth. *All about words you used with the Client! (Don’t say patient) Assumes that people are basically good & can handle their own lives Psychological Problems Arise when the true self becomes lost
Techniques of Client- CenteredTherapy Nondirective Therapy- client speaks freely about any troubling matters Active Listening- echo back the possible feelings the client has expressed ALL Of this happens in an atmosphere of emotional support Rogers calls- Unconditional Positive Regard