Ch 17 sect 2 therapy


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Ch 17 sect 2 therapy

  1. 1. What is Psychoanalysis &Humanistic Behavior?Ch. 17 Section 2Can I psychoanalyze you?*Among dozens of types ofPsychotherapy, we will lookat only the most influential
  2. 2. I.Psychoanalysis Based on the theories of Sigmund Freud  *He believed that *Psychological Disturbances are due to anxiety caused by hidden conflicts amount the unconscious components of one’s personality. Psychoanalysis is therapy aimed at making patients aware of their unconscious motives- so they can gain control over their behavior.  *Do we know the difference between consciousness and unconsciousness?  Iceberg example Therapist are called psychoanalyst
  3. 3. I. Psychoanalyst *They believe that if a patients can understand their unconscious motives, then have taken the FIRST step toward gaining control over their behavior and free themselves of their problems--- this understanding is called INSIGHT- or sudden realization of the solution to a problem. *Few clinicians practice therapy as Freud did today, but his terminology has crept
  4. 4. I. Slow Procedure May take years of 50 min sessions several times a week-before fundamental changes
  5. 5. Three Different Types or ways toPsychoanalyze a Client A. Free Association B. Dream Analysis C. Transference
  6. 6. A. Free Association This is when the Therapist tells the patient to relax and talk about everything that comes to mind. *The patient may consider some passing thoughts too unimportant, or too embarrassing to mention- but everything needs to be expressed!  *It sounds easy, but soon you notice how often you edit your thoughts as you speak- omitting things.
  7. 7. *As the Patient lies on the couch, he orshe might describe dreams, discussprivate thoughts, or recall longforgotten experiences* The whole goal of FreeAssociation is to unearththe past in hope ofunmaking the present.
  8. 8. i. Resistance: The reluctance of a patient either to reveal painful feelings or to examine longstanding behavior patterns.  *difficult to reveal painful things  Sometimes your mind goes blank By analyzing and uncovering the resistances- both the therapist & patient can understand the source of anxieties- and how the patient deals.  Or maybe uncover something the patient is defending or hiding
  9. 9. B. Dream Analysis Where the Psychoanalyst interprets the clients dreams Freud believes that dreams express unconscious thoughts & feelings Latent Content: hidden meaning represented symbolically in the dream *Little evidence linking dreams to real life problems
  10. 10. C. Transference Where the analyst begins to appear in the patient’s associations & Dreams The patients is beginning to feel toward the analyst the way he or she feels towards some other important figure in their life. *By understanding Transference, the patient becomes aware of hidden feelings and motivations
  11. 11. Remember: The role of Psychoanalysis is to show the role of the unconscious and provide insight for the client. *Its not for everyone- Requires an average of 600 sessions  $100 a hour, 3 sessions a week- cost of $30,000 yr *People who loose touch with reality-for instance, a person suffering from schizophrenia- will not benefit from psychoanalysis
  12. 12. II. Humanistic Therapy Goal: Help people fulfill their human potential  By 1. Personal Responsibility 2. Freedom of Choice 3. Authentic Relationships *Given rise to several approaches to psychotherapy-  Known collectively as Client- Centered Therapy
  13. 13. Client- Centered Therapy Based on theories of Carl Rogers Depends on the person’s own motivation toward growth. *All about words you used with the Client! (Don’t say patient) Assumes that people are basically good & can handle their own lives  Psychological Problems Arise when the true self becomes lost
  14. 14. Techniques of Client- CenteredTherapy Nondirective Therapy- client speaks freely about any troubling matters Active Listening- echo back the possible feelings the client has expressed ALL Of this happens in an atmosphere of emotional support Rogers calls- Unconditional Positive Regard