Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this


  1. 1. April Eyler<br />Occupational Early Childhood <br />Jordan High FCCLA<br />Sandy, Utah<br />Jordan High School<br />4-5 year olds<br />Pacific<br />
  2. 2. Table of Contents<br />Planning Process<br />Coursework<br />Documentation of Experience<br />Lesson Plans<br />Evidence of Skills<br />Evidence of Developmental Knowledge<br />
  3. 3. The Planning Process<br />Identify Concerns<br />Brainstorm an activity for 4-5 year olds in the preschool setting, using a topic given to me at competition.<br />Be prepared with resources needed for competition to complete and facilitate my needs for the activity I prepare.<br />Use a variety of ideas for preschool activities and be prepared with resources to help accomplish the activity.<br />Practice skills needed to teach science to preschoolers. <br />Plan an activity for science that can satisfy the given topic at competition.<br />Set A Goal<br />
  4. 4. Form A Plan(Who, What, Where, When, How, Cost, Resources, and Evaluation)<br />Use resources to prepare a science center for the preschool.<br />Apply the lesson in the preschool setting to teach science.<br />Organize resources that would be efficient for the resource container. <br />Use several sources to review for age appropriate activities. <br />Keep a record of successful activities and materials used to help plan more activities in the future. <br />Using all available resources, including those from home and at school, my container will be assembled with items to help me prepare a lesson plan for a small group of preschoolers. After teaching several science activities in the preschool, I have practiced using different themes for different activities. <br />My resource container included a variety of resources that helped me prepare an interesting, age appropriate and developmentally appropriate science activity. This has helped me feel confident in my work and prepared for competition. <br />Act<br />Follow Up<br />
  5. 5. Coursework Documentation of Experience<br />
  6. 6. Guidance Paper<br /> To me, the definition of guidance is to show leadership and give advice to help the children understand their conflicts and struggles. Guidance is not punishment. Instead, it is helping guide them to understand what is right and what is wrong. All people are different and some situations require different approaches, but all include guiding them in the right direction and helping improve it next time. <br /> The goal of guidance, in my opinion, is to help the children understand what they are doing wrong and teach them how to handle the situation appropriately. If you use guidance as a form of punishment, then nothing will be accomplished. If guidance is used a form on discipline and to help show leadership, then it can diffuse the problem and focus on the solution. Most of the time, when a young child does something wrong, they do not know that is wrong because they are still learning from their experiences. As adults, we must show them how to handle things in a calm matter and what is right and what is wrong. <br /> What I have learned about guidance is that we must set the right example to the children. They need our help to understand the situations, the problems, and to learn the right solutions. I need to sit a child down in a quiet place and away from the situation to speak with them about what they can do. If an incident occurs, it is important to fix the problem in an appropriate manner. We are their example and we must teach them the right and the wrong ways to help them. <br />
  7. 7. My Philosophy <br />  Some of my personal philosophies include subjects such as punishment, snack time, nap time, talking about problems regarding the children and outdoor play. When we work with young children we have to understand that they are not as developed and mature as adults. We also have to realize that they will become frustrated at simple tasks. They also do not understand how to manage their frustrations and can take it out on other children or the teachers. All of this correlates to my personal philosophies. <br /> For punishment, although it is against the law, it is never okay to use physical force with a child. This includes spanking, tugging on a child’s clothing, or yanking on a child’s arm. Another philosophy I believe in is talking about problems regarding the children in the daycare. It is not okay to talk about the children in the preschool with friends or family outside of the preschool. If you need to discuss something, discuss it with a classmate. <br /> Outdoor play is necessary for young children. They need fresh air and it is also nice for the teachers to be able to get fresh air. However, outside play time is not a break time. Another philosophy I believe in is snack time. Children will get hungry and thirsty throughout the day and it is important that we continue to feed them nutritious and healthy food and drink.<br />
  8. 8. Licensing Quiz<br /> After completing the Licensing quiz, my reaction to the rules is varied. Some rules I agree with and some, I do not fully agree with. There is also certain rules I would add in to the regulations and a couple of rules that I would take out. <br /> One of the rules I agree with is giving a written report to the parents if any injury occurs at the care center. This is understandable because parents should be aware of everything that is harmful to their child, even if it is a small injury. This also helps the daycare employees because they then know to be extra cautious with the children.<br /> Another rule I find very easy to agree with is Infection Control. From personal experience, food preparation, proper sanitation, and maintaining materials is extremely important. If these precautions are not taken, the children and the care givers are put in risk. <br /> One rule I would like to make an adjustment to is the ratio within the state of Utah. Personally, I believe that they should limit it a little more. Fifteen four year olds is a lot of work. It seems that it would be too much stress for the caregiver and attention would not be placed on each individual as much as it needed to be. <br /> After taking this quiz, I feel more confident in taking care of children because I now know what they need in order to be safe. I can now also be sure they are receiving everything they need. I think that we can be more confident and ensure the parents of the children we can take care of their child. <br />
  9. 9. In this math activity, the children were able to measure the ingredients and make their very own brownies! They learned how to help out in the kitchen while having fun! <br />
  10. 10. For St. Patricks Day, we went throughout Jordan High School to find the treasure left behind by the leprechauns! One preschooler put me in handcuffs and one wore a matching headband! All the children had fun seeing the classroom destroyed by the tricky leprechauns!<br />
  11. 11. Halloween was fun for everyone! We went trick or treating around Jordan High School and discussed safety with the children! We also cut into a pumpkin to discuss the senses, seeing the colors and the seeds, tasting the seeds, feeling the inside of the pumpkin, and smelling the pumpkin!<br />
  12. 12. Lesson Plans<br />
  13. 13. April Eyler<br />4 - 5<br />Science<br />Building Thermometers <br />This activity will teach children about temperature and allow the children to experiment by building their own thermometer and taking the temperature both inside and outside the classroom.<br />This activity will help children understand the difference between warm and cold in the atmosphere. They will be able to see what happens to the thermometer when we leave the classroom and go outside.<br />
  14. 14. Inside the classroom as well as outside, use a table to steady the bottle and be sure each child has a coat to wear while outside.<br />A glass bottle for each child along with one straw, modeling clay, food coloring and paper with slits cut at both the top and bottom.<br />Each child should receive a glass bottle with their name written on it. Then, allow them to put in three drops of red food coloring and watch it spread throughout the water. Have each child put a straw in their bottle. Give each child modeling clay and allow them to work with it until they are able to fit in around the top of the bottle. Help them seal it airtight. Put the paper with slits on the straw and have the child blow bubbles into the straw. The red water will rise to the temperature in the room. Mark on the paper where the temperature goes to. Once each child has their coat on, take them outside and repeat the process.<br />I will firstly assess the situation and do my part to help the child with thee activity. If that cannot be completed, and the activity needs to change, I will be prepared with an additional activity.<br />
  15. 15. April Eyler<br />4-5<br />Science<br />Changing Seasons Collage<br />This activity will help the children be better able to understand the change in the weather and seasons. They will also be able to pick their own things from nature and use them to create their very own collage<br />This skill is important because the children will be able to identify the seasons. They will also be allowed to create their own projects!<br />
  16. 16. Cardboard, glue, construction paper, twigs, grass, and fall leaves (collected together as a class outside), clear plastic wrap, scissors, pencils.<br />The playground area, trees, bushes, and the science table. <br />Have each child draw a pencil sketch of what they think summer time looks like onto the cardboard. Have them include flowers, plants, trees, swimsuits, etc. Then, have them glue on paper, including summer colors. Have blue paper represent the sky, green for the grass, etc. (The children can now use grass they collected from outside to represent grass). Cover the cardboard with clear plastic wrap over the child's summer collage. Do not cover the sides, they will be used at flaps. Then, have the children create a fall collage over the summer collage. They can use the twigs and leaves they collected in this collage. Glue the fall scenery on to the clear plastic wrap and once dry, the children can lift the flap and compare the summer and fall scenes. <br />Firstly, assess the situation and explain to the child the task that needs to be completed and help them to understand exactly what it is they need to do. If the child completes the activity and is satisfied with their work, the goal is reached. <br />
  17. 17. April Eyler<br />4-5<br />Science<br />Changing Seasons Collage<br />The children will have fun learning about history by making their own fossils and learning about the career of studying fossils!<br />History is important to teach children because it is the basis of the present. <br />
  18. 18. Playdough, large disposable tray, living things (leaves, a flower, pet, and your child), tray, milk jug, scissors, 2 cups plaster of Paris, water, Rubber glove<br />The science table. <br />Firstly, have the child make an imprint into the play dough. Put 2 cups of plaster into a separate tray and one cup of water. Using a large spoon to mix and smash the lumps of plaster. Once it resembles a pancake mix, pour the plaster in the play dough. Allow 24 hours to dry and then look at your new fossil!<br />Firstly, assess the situation and explain to the child the task that needs to be completed and help them to understand exactly what it is they need to do. If the child completes the activity and is satisfied with their work, the goal is reached. <br />
  19. 19. Evidence of Skills<br />
  20. 20. For this activity, the children were able to place candles into the appropriate cake. They were sure to count out each available spot on the cake and the number of candles as they placed them in. At the child, the children were very eager to make a wish and blow out the pretend candles!<br />
  21. 21. Hokey Pokey is one of the favorites in preschool! One very important part of teaching children is having fun with them! The kids love when they can relate to you and have fun by your side!<br />
  22. 22. Evidence of Developmental Knowledge<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Having the opportunity to teach preschool this year has taught me more than I could have imagined. Trust is one of the key components in the relationship I have with each preschooler. When they know they can trust you and have fun playing with you, you will be better communicate with them, making your teaching time more effective. <br />