AS Sociology Revision


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AS Sociology Revision

  1. 1. AS Sociology Revision Session
  2. 2. New Right
  3. 3. New Right <ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Feminism </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed to family diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Likes 'cereal packet' family </li></ul><ul><li>Dislike women outside home </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage essential for social stability. </li></ul><ul><li>Name: Benson (2006) on family break down: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Married 6% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cohab 20% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closely involved 74% </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Neo-Conventional Family
  5. 5. Neo-Conventional Family <ul><li>Name: Chester (1985) </li></ul><ul><li>Doesnt see family diversity as significant. </li></ul><ul><li>Move away from conventional family (New Right) is the only important bit to Chester. </li></ul><ul><li>Neo-convent family is dual earning with both adults working. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to Young & Willmonts' 'symmetrical family' </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. FIVE Types of Family Diversity
  7. 7. FIVE Types of Family Diversity Name: Rapoports <ul><li>Organisational Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Social Class Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Life Stage Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Generational Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>a. Cultural, religious ethnic all have diff. Structures. </li></ul><ul><li>b. How family roles are organised. </li></ul><ul><li>c. Older & younger have diff attitudes & experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>d. Key life events-- uni, marriage, first child, retired, widows etc... </li></ul><ul><li>e. Fam struct. Depends on income of household </li></ul>
  8. 8. Life Course Analysis
  9. 9. Life Course Analysis <ul><li>Name: Tamara Hareven </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on meanings people give to life events, choices & decision. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Risk Society
  11. 11. Risk Society <ul><li>Name: U. Beck </li></ul><ul><li>Traditions have less influence on us. </li></ul><ul><li>More choice = risk </li></ul><ul><li>We are aware of that with greater choice comes risk. Hence ‘Risk Society’ </li></ul><ul><li>Gender equality: women expect equality in workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism: actions out of self interest, not obligation to others. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Choice and Equality
  13. 13. Choice and Equality <ul><li>Name: Giddens </li></ul><ul><li>Think Choice and Equality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater choice transforms family & marriage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Birth control (have kids when you want) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feminism= opportunities in work and education </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Family Practice
  15. 15. Family Practice <ul><li>Name David Morgan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience of leaving home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becoming an adult. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prefers concept of family practice –not family structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Its what we do– it’s a flexible idea (family) not a rigid structure. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Postmodernism and Family Diversity
  17. 17. Posmodernism & Family Structure <ul><li>Name: David Cheal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We no longer live in the modern world which is orderly and structured (like the nuclear family) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Live in a chaotic post-modern stage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encourages family diversity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No single type of family structure, but families plural </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Divorce Extended Family
  19. 19. Divorce Extended Family <ul><li>Name: Stacey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater choice freed women from patriarchal oppression. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women shape their families to their needs now. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Growing Acceptance of Diversity
  21. 21. Growing Acceptance of Diversity <ul><li>Long term shift since 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual morality is a flexible personal choice. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex before marriage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baby outside marriage. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Church and state have far less influence over us. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite all this ‘progress’ family patterns remain traditional. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Live as families/mum and dad/married/remarried. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Favouring Diversity
  23. 23. Favouring Diversity <ul><li>Who? Postmodernist & Feminists </li></ul><ul><li>Reject New Right views </li></ul><ul><li>Name: Weeks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whatever individuals decide is a family is a family. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family is not natural but socially constructed . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Name: Stacey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brings about greater choice/diversity to families. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Downside… <ul><li>Patriarchy and Class inequality are still seen today and restrict people’s choices to shape their family life. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Against Diversity
  26. 26. Against Diversity <ul><li>Functionalists & New Right </li></ul><ul><li>Believe there is one ‘right’ best family structure. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name: Parsons’ instrumental and Expressive female household. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Argue it is biological and thus natural the differences between men and women’s roles. Each has what they are better suited to. </li></ul>