Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
sɪndʱiˑ     ̪ ̪ ‫سنڌي‬  Sindhiindōpersica
ScriptPart One
The Sindhi letters and words described in this book are eachaccompanied by a pronunciation key in the International Phonet...
Read Sindhi right to left                k          ‫ڪ‬This letter has a sound similar to  k           in           skip ...
Read Sindhi right to left                ɡ          ‫گ‬This letter has a sound similar to   g           in           go  ...
Read Sindhi right to left     These are the letters we’ve just seenɡ                                               k‫گ‬  ...
Read Sindhi right to left                p          ‫پ‬This letter has a sound similar to p            in          speak ...
Read Sindhi right to left                b          ‫ب‬This letter has a sound similar to  b            in          bat  ...
Read Sindhi right to left     These are the letters we’ve seen so farɡ                                                k‫گ...
Read Sindhi right to left                ʨ            ‫چ‬This letter has a sound similar to tch          in          catc...
Read Sindhi right to left               ʥ            ‫ج‬This letter has a sound similar to dge         in           badge...
Read Sindhi right to left     These are the letters we’ve seen so farɡ                                                k‫گ...
Read Sindhi right to left                   ə            َThis sign has a sound similar toa            in          Americ...
Read Sindhi right to left      This is how the sign for ə is writtenɡə                                               kə‫گ...
Read Sindhi right to left                 ɪ            َThis sign has a sound similar to   i           in           pinTh...
Read Sindhi right to left      This is how the sign for ɪ is writtenɡɪ                                               kɪ‫گ...
Read Sindhi right to left                ʊ           َThis sign has a sound similar to  u           in           bullThis...
Read Sindhi right to left      This is how the sign for ʊ is writtenɡʊ                                               kʊ‫گ...
Read Sindhi right to left            Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenɡəɡɪɡʊ       ...
Read Sindhi right to left  Did you notice how the letters ‘join’ one another?Here’s one of those letters, along with vowe...
Read Sindhi right to left Here’s another one of those letters,with vowel signs –      ɡʊ                 ɡɪ              ...
Read Sindhi right to left          These letters join in similar ways –pəpɪpʊ            pʊ                 pɪ           ...
Read Sindhi right to left          These letters, too, join in similar ways –ʨəʨɪʨʊ                 ʨʊ                ʨɪ ...
Read Sindhi right to left Let’s try some more combinations of joining letters –      kəʨɪ                    ʨɪ          ...
Read Sindhi right to left                   j            ‫ي‬This letter has a sound similar to y           in           y...
Read Sindhi right to left                        r                      ‫ر‬       This letter has a sound similar to   r ...
Read Sindhi right to left                 l             ‫ل‬This letter has a sound similar to   l           in          l...
Read Sindhi right to left                   ʋ              ‫و‬This letter has a sound similar to v           in          ...
Read Sindhi right to left     These are the letters we’ve just seenr                                                j‫ر‬ ...
Read Sindhi right to left  This is how the sign for ə is written on these lettersrə                                      ...
Read Sindhi right to left  This is how the sign for ɪ is written on these lettersrɪ                                      ...
Read Sindhi right to left  This is how the sign for ʊ is written on these lettersrʊ                                      ...
Read Sindhi right to left            Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenrərɪrʊ       ...
Read Sindhi right to left                 Did you notice?     These letters don’t join the next one!ʋəʋɪʋʊ               ...
Read Sindhi right to left       These are some actual Sindhi words            Can you read them? –‫پل‬         ‫پر‬      ...
Read Sindhi right to left                Here are their pronunciations and meanings –    pʊlᶦ                 pərə       ...
Read Sindhi right to left                s          ‫س‬This letter has a sound similar to   s           in           sit ...
Read Sindhi right to left                ɕ          ‫ش‬This letter has a sound similar to  sh          in           ship ...
Read Sindhi right to left                ɦ            ‫ه‬This letter has a sound similar to  h            in          hat...
Read Sindhi right to left     These are the letters we’ve just seenɕ                                                s‫ش‬ ...
Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signs for ə, i and ʊ are written on these letters  ɦə                          ...
Read Sindhi right to left             Look at these sequences  made from the letters and signs we’ve just seen ɕəɕɪɕʊ    ...
Read Sindhi right to left           These letters join in similar ways – səsɪsʊ                sʊ                 sɪ     ...
Read Sindhi right to left ‫ه‬   causes the pronunciation of certain vowels before and after it                        to ...
‫‪Read Sindhi right to left ‬‬    ‫– ?‪Can you read these Sindhi words‬‬ ‫هل ڪه سب سر‬‫رس سج سس شڪ‬‫بس سه ره ھڪ‬‫وھ شڪر پ...
Read Sindhi right to left              Here are their pronunciations and meanings –  sɪrə                 sɪbʊ           ...
Read Sindhi right to left                z              ‫ز‬This letter has a sound similar to z            in          ze...
Read Sindhi right to left                 f          ‫ف‬This letter has a sound similar to   f           in          fat ...
Read Sindhi right to left     These are the letters we’ve just seenf                                                z‫ف‬ ...
Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signs for ə, i and ʊ are written on these letters   fə                         ...
Read Sindhi right to left            Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenfəfɪfʊ       ...
Read Sindhi right to left            These letters look similar, and behave similarly –rərɪrʊ                    rʊ      ...
Read Sindhi right to left       Here are some Sindhi words containing the letters we’ve just seen –‫ڪلف‬                 ...
Read Sindhi right to left   Here are their pronunciations and meanings –   kʊlfʊ                               fərɕʊ‫ڪلف‬...
Read Sindhi right to left                n             ‫ن‬This letter has a sound similar to  n           in           ne...
Read Sindhi right to left               m            ‫م‬This letter has a sound similar tom            in          mother...
Read Sindhi right to left     These are the letters we’ve just seenm                                               n‫م‬  ...
Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signsfor ə, i and ʊ are written on these letters mə                            ...
Read Sindhi right to left            Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenməmɪmʊ       ...
Read Sindhi right to left        Notice how these letters do not look similar when not joined,                      but l...
‫‪Read Sindhi right to left ‬‬     ‫– ‪Some more Sindhi words‬‬‫ڪم ڪن پن چم‬‫ڪمل گرم نرم پشم‬‫جنم چرن رسم وزن‬‫ملڪ پنج نم...
Read Sindhi right to left            Here’s how they sound and what they mean – ʨʊmʊ               pənʊ              kənʊ...
Read Sindhi right to left                 x                ‫خ‬ This letter has a sound similar toch         in          S...
Read Sindhi right to left                    ɣ                 ‫غ‬    This letter has a sound similar tor           in   ...
Read Sindhi right to left     These are the letters we’ve just seenɣ                                               x‫غ‬  ...
Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signs for ə, i and ʊ are written on these letters  ɣə                          ...
Read Sindhi right to left            Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenɣəɣɪɣʊ       ...
Read Sindhi right to left     Notice the similarity in how these letters look?ʥəʥɪʥʊ                 ʨəʨɪʨʊ              ...
Read Sindhi right to left    Can you read these Sindhi words? –‫غم خبر بغل غسل‬‫غزل خشڪ خرچ زخم‬                   69
Read Sindhi right to left           How many did you get right?ɣʊsʊlʊ     bəɣəlʊ           xəbərə                  ɣəmʊ‫غ...
Read Sindhi right to left                          t̪                   ‫ت‬         This letter has a sound similar to   ...
Read Sindhi right to left                         d                        ̪                        ‫د‬         This lett...
Read Sindhi right to left     These are the letters we’ve just seend̪                                                t̪‫د...
Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signs for ə, ɪ and ʊ are written on these letters  də  ̪                       ...
Read Sindhi right to left            Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seendədɪdʊ̪ ̪ ̪  ...
Read Sindhi right to left               Notice the similarity in how these letters look?       bəbɪbʊ                    ...
Read Sindhi right to left These letters behave similarly, in that they don’t join the next one –dədɪdʊ̪ ̪ ̪              ...
Read Sindhi right to left  Here are some Sindhi words with the new letters we’ve just seen – ‫چت‬                    ‫دل‬...
Read Sindhi right to left     And here’s how you pronounce them, and what they mean –   ʨɪt̪ ʊ              dɪlᶦ         ...
Read Sindhi right to left                           ʈ                   ‫ٽ‬         This letter has a sound similar to   ...
Read Sindhi right to left                            ɖ                       ‫ڊ‬         This letter has a sound similar ...
Read Sindhi right to left     These are the letters we’ve just seenɖ                                                ʈ‫ڊ‬ ...
Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signs for ə, ɪ and ʊ are written on these letters  ɖə                          ...
Read Sindhi right to left            Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenɖəɖɪɖʊ       ...
Read Sindhi right to left        Can you see how similar these groups of letters are,                  in pronunciation a...
Read Sindhi right to left Can you read this sequence?‫پلبلنليلتلٽل‬  You should have read –     pəlbəlnəljəlt̪ əlʈəl     ...
Read Sindhi right to left Here are some Sindhi words with the new letters we’ve just seen –‫سٽ ٽٽ پٽ ٽپ‬        ‫ڊپ‬     ...
Read Sindhi right to left  And here’s how you pronounce them, and what they mean –ɖəpʊ             pʊʈʊ                ʈʊ...
End of Part One          Typeset in Segoe UI (English & IPA) and Lateef (Sindhi)        For more information on the Sindhi...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Indopersica English-Sindhi Part 1

1,308 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Indopersica English-Sindhi Part 1

  1. 1. sɪndʱiˑ ̪ ̪ ‫سنڌي‬ Sindhiindōpersica
  2. 2. ScriptPart One
  3. 3. The Sindhi letters and words described in this book are eachaccompanied by a pronunciation key in the International PhoneticAlphabet (IPA). Please refer to these IPA keys for the exactpronunciation of a Sindhi letter or word.The IPA is a scientific notation used for accurately transcribing thesounds of most human languages. More about the IPA can befound at http://www.yorku.ca/earmstro/ipa/ andhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ipa .The similarities described in this book between thepronunciations of Sindhi letters and ‘corresponding’ Englishletters are only guidelines and should be considered as such.
  4. 4. Read Sindhi right to left  k ‫ڪ‬This letter has a sound similar to k in skip 4
  5. 5. Read Sindhi right to left  ɡ ‫گ‬This letter has a sound similar to g in go 5
  6. 6. Read Sindhi right to left  These are the letters we’ve just seenɡ k‫گ‬ ‫ڪ‬ 6
  7. 7. Read Sindhi right to left  p ‫پ‬This letter has a sound similar to p in speak 7
  8. 8. Read Sindhi right to left  b ‫ب‬This letter has a sound similar to b in bat 8
  9. 9. Read Sindhi right to left  These are the letters we’ve seen so farɡ k‫گ‬ ‫ڪ‬b p‫ب‬ ‫پ‬ 9
  10. 10. Read Sindhi right to left  ʨ ‫چ‬This letter has a sound similar to tch in catch 10
  11. 11. Read Sindhi right to left  ʥ ‫ج‬This letter has a sound similar to dge in badge 11
  12. 12. Read Sindhi right to left  These are the letters we’ve seen so farɡ k‫گ‬ ‫ڪ‬b p‫ب‬ ‫پ‬ʥ ʨ‫ج‬ ‫چ‬ 12
  13. 13. Read Sindhi right to left  ə َThis sign has a sound similar toa in AmericaThis sign is written above a letter 13
  14. 14. Read Sindhi right to left  This is how the sign for ə is writtenɡə kə‫گ‬ ‫ڪ‬bə pə‫ب‬ ‫پ‬ʥə ʨə‫ج‬ ‫چ‬ 14
  15. 15. Read Sindhi right to left  ɪ َThis sign has a sound similar to i in pinThis sign is written below a letter 15
  16. 16. Read Sindhi right to left  This is how the sign for ɪ is writtenɡɪ kɪ‫گ‬ ‫ڪ‬bɪ pɪ‫ب‬ ‫پ‬ʥɪ ʨɪ‫ج‬ ‫چ‬ 16
  17. 17. Read Sindhi right to left  ʊ َThis sign has a sound similar to u in bullThissign is written above a letter 17
  18. 18. Read Sindhi right to left  This is how the sign for ʊ is writtenɡʊ kʊ‫گ‬ ‫ڪ‬bʊ pʊ‫ب‬ ‫پ‬ʥʊ ʨʊ‫ج‬ ‫چ‬ 18
  19. 19. Read Sindhi right to left  Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenɡəɡɪɡʊ kəkɪkʊ‫ڪڪڪ گگگ‬bəbɪbʊ pəpɪpʊ‫پپپ ببب‬ʥəʥɪʥʊ ʨəʨɪʨʊ‫چچچ ججج‬ 19
  20. 20. Read Sindhi right to left  Did you notice how the letters ‘join’ one another?Here’s one of those letters, along with vowel signs – kʊ kɪ kə ‫ڪ+ ڪ +ڪ‬ = kəkɪkʊ ‫ڪڪڪ‬ 20
  21. 21. Read Sindhi right to left Here’s another one of those letters,with vowel signs – ɡʊ ɡɪ ɡə ‫گ+ گ +گ‬ = ɡəɡɪɡʊ ‫گگگ‬ 21
  22. 22. Read Sindhi right to left  These letters join in similar ways –pəpɪpʊ pʊ pɪ pə‫پ + پ + پ = پپپ‬bəbɪbʊ bʊ bɪ bə‫ب + ب + ب = ببب‬ 22
  23. 23. Read Sindhi right to left  These letters, too, join in similar ways –ʨəʨɪʨʊ ʨʊ ʨɪ ʨə‫چ + چ + چ = چچچ‬ʥəʥɪʥʊ ʥʊ ʥɪ ʥə‫ج + ج + ج = ججج‬ 23
  24. 24. Read Sindhi right to left Let’s try some more combinations of joining letters – kəʨɪ ʨɪ kə ‫ڪ + چ = ڪچ‬ ʥʊbə bə ʥʊ ‫ج + ب = جب‬ ɡɪpʊ pʊ ɡɪ ‫گ + پ = گپ‬ 24
  25. 25. Read Sindhi right to left  j ‫ي‬This letter has a sound similar to y in yo-yo 25
  26. 26. Read Sindhi right to left  r ‫ر‬ This letter has a sound similar to r in Italian RomaThis is a ‘rolled’ /r/, as in Spanish or Italian 26
  27. 27. Read Sindhi right to left  l ‫ل‬This letter has a sound similar to l in lad 27
  28. 28. Read Sindhi right to left  ʋ ‫و‬This letter has a sound similar to v in victory 28
  29. 29. Read Sindhi right to left  These are the letters we’ve just seenr j‫ر‬ ‫ي‬ʋ l‫و‬ ‫ل‬ 29
  30. 30. Read Sindhi right to left  This is how the sign for ə is written on these lettersrə jə‫ر‬ ‫ي‬ʋə lə‫و‬ ‫ل‬ 30
  31. 31. Read Sindhi right to left  This is how the sign for ɪ is written on these lettersrɪ jɪ‫ر‬ ‫ي‬ʋɪ lɪ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ 31
  32. 32. Read Sindhi right to left  This is how the sign for ʊ is written on these lettersrʊ jʊ‫ر‬ ‫ي‬ʋʊ lʊ‫و‬ ‫ل‬ 32
  33. 33. Read Sindhi right to left  Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenrərɪrʊ jəjɪjʊ‫ررر‬ ‫ييي‬ʋəʋɪʋʊ ləlɪlʊ‫ووو‬ ‫للل‬ 33
  34. 34. Read Sindhi right to left  Did you notice? These letters don’t join the next one!ʋəʋɪʋʊ rərɪrʊ‫ووو‬ ‫ررر‬ So, while most of the letters join the next one, all of them don’t 34
  35. 35. Read Sindhi right to left  These are some actual Sindhi words Can you read them? –‫پل‬ ‫پر‬ ‫ڪل گل‬‫چپ چڪ و چ جج‬‫جبل ڪڪر‬ ‫چپ‬‫ڪلب‬ ‫پپر‬ ‫گجر‬ 35
  36. 36. Read Sindhi right to left  Here are their pronunciations and meanings – pʊlᶦ pərə ɡʊlʊ kʊlʊ ‫پل‬ ‫پر‬ ‫گل‬ ‫ڪل‬ bridge but flower total ʥəʥʊ ʋɪʨʊ ʨəkʊ ʨəpʊ ‫جج‬ ‫و چ‬ ‫چڪ‬ ‫چپ‬ judge during bite lip kəkərʊ ʥəbalʊ ʨʊpᶦ ‫ڪڪر‬ ‫جبل‬ ‫چپ‬ cloud mountain silence kləbə pɪpᶦrʊ ɡəʥərʊ ‫ڪلب‬ ‫پپر‬ ‫گجر‬ peepul tree club carrot (Ficus religiosa) Did you notice the superscript letter in the pronunciation key for these words? – pʊlᶦ ʨʊpᶦ pɪpᶦrʊThis means that the vowel ɪ is pronounced very lightly, almost not at all 36
  37. 37. Read Sindhi right to left  s ‫س‬This letter has a sound similar to s in sit 37
  38. 38. Read Sindhi right to left  ɕ ‫ش‬This letter has a sound similar to sh in ship 38
  39. 39. Read Sindhi right to left  ɦ ‫ه‬This letter has a sound similar to h in hat 39
  40. 40. Read Sindhi right to left  These are the letters we’ve just seenɕ s‫ش‬ ‫س‬ ɦ ‫ھ‬ 40
  41. 41. Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signs for ə, i and ʊ are written on these letters ɦə ɕə sə‫س ش ه‬ ɦɪ ɕɪ sɪ‫س ش ه‬ ɦʊ ɕʊ sʊ‫س ش ه‬ 41
  42. 42. Read Sindhi right to left  Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seen ɕəɕɪɕʊ səsɪsʊ‫س سس ش ش ش‬ ɦəɦɪɦʊ ‫ھهه‬ 42
  43. 43. Read Sindhi right to left  These letters join in similar ways – səsɪsʊ sʊ sɪ sə‫س + س + س = سسس‬ ɕəɕɪɕʊ ɕʊ ɕɪ ɕə‫س + ش + ش = ششش‬ 43
  44. 44. Read Sindhi right to left ‫ه‬ causes the pronunciation of certain vowels before and after it to change slightly. Rule If the vowel immediately before ‫َ ه‬ɦ is ə then əɛ which sounds like ai in fair In other words – əɦ becomes ɛɦ əɦə becomes ɛɦɛ əɦɪ becomes ɛɦɪ əɦʊ becomes ɛɦʊ Note that this rule does not apply if the vowel immediately after ‫ه‬ ɦ is a long vowel. We will come across long vowels later in this book.Some pronunciation examples will make this vowel-change rule a little clearer. 44
  45. 45. ‫‪Read Sindhi right to left ‬‬ ‫– ?‪Can you read these Sindhi words‬‬ ‫هل ڪه سب سر‬‫رس سج سس شڪ‬‫بس سه ره ھڪ‬‫وھ شڪر پهر سبب‬‫سچ پچ شهر شڪل بهتر‬ ‫54‬
  46. 46. Read Sindhi right to left  Here are their pronunciations and meanings – sɪrə sɪbʊ kɛɦʊ ɦəlʊ ‫سر‬ ‫سب‬ ‫ڪه‬ ‫هل‬ brick sew speak move, run ɕəkʊ səsʊ sɪʥʊ rəsʊ‫شڪ‬ ‫سس‬ ‫سج‬ ‫رس‬suspicion mother-in-law sun juice ɦɪkʊ rɛɦʊ sɛɦʊ bəsᶦ‫ھڪ‬ ‫ره‬ ‫سه‬ ‫بس‬ a, one stay endure enoughsəbəbʊ pɛɦɛrʊ ɕʊkʊrʊ ʋɪɦʊ‫سبب‬ ‫پهر‬ ‫شڪر‬ ‫وھ‬ reason wear gratitude poisonbɛɦᶦt̪ ərᶦ ɕəkᶦlᶦ ɕɛɦɛrʊ səʨʊ pəʨʊ‫بهتر‬ ‫شڪل‬ ‫شهر‬ ‫سچ پچ‬ better appearance, form city, town really, truly 46
  47. 47. Read Sindhi right to left  z ‫ز‬This letter has a sound similar to z in zebra 47
  48. 48. Read Sindhi right to left  f ‫ف‬This letter has a sound similar to f in fat 48
  49. 49. Read Sindhi right to left  These are the letters we’ve just seenf z‫ف‬ ‫ز‬ 49
  50. 50. Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signs for ə, i and ʊ are written on these letters fə zə‫ف‬ ‫ز‬ fɪ zɪ‫ف‬ ‫ز‬ fʊ zʊ‫ف‬ ‫ز‬ 50
  51. 51. Read Sindhi right to left  Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenfəfɪfʊ zəzɪzʊ‫ززز ففف‬ 51
  52. 52. Read Sindhi right to left  These letters look similar, and behave similarly –rərɪrʊ rʊ rɪ rə‫ر + ر + ر = ررر‬zəzɪzʊ zʊ zɪ zə‫ز + ز + ز = ززز‬ Neither of them joins the following letter, much like –ʋəʋɪʋʊ ʋʊ ʋɪ ʋə‫و + و + و = ووو‬ 52
  53. 53. Read Sindhi right to left  Here are some Sindhi words containing the letters we’ve just seen –‫ڪلف‬ ‫فرش‬‫سبز‬ ‫برف‬‫بزرگ‬ ‫زھر‬ Could you read them? 53
  54. 54. Read Sindhi right to left  Here are their pronunciations and meanings – kʊlfʊ fərɕʊ‫ڪلف‬ ‫فرش‬ lock floor səbzʊ bərfʊ‫سبز‬ ‫برف‬ green snow, ice bʊzʊrɡʊ zɛɦɛrʊ‫بزرگ‬ ‫زھر‬elder, senior poison 54
  55. 55. Read Sindhi right to left  n ‫ن‬This letter has a sound similar to n in new 55
  56. 56. Read Sindhi right to left  m ‫م‬This letter has a sound similar tom in mother 56
  57. 57. Read Sindhi right to left  These are the letters we’ve just seenm n‫م‬ ‫ن‬ 57
  58. 58. Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signsfor ə, i and ʊ are written on these letters mə nə‫م‬ ‫ن‬ mɪ nɪ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ mʊ nʊ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ 58
  59. 59. Read Sindhi right to left  Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenməmɪmʊ nənɪnʊ‫ننن ممم‬ 59
  60. 60. Read Sindhi right to left  Notice how these letters do not look similar when not joined, but look similar when joined– jəjɪjʊ jʊ jɪ jə ‫ي + ي + ي = ييي‬ nənɪnʊ nʊ nɪ nə ‫ن + ن + ن = ننن‬ jənəjɪnɪjʊnʊrəDid you notice?When joined, the only difference inhow they look isthe number of dots – ‫ينينينر‬ pəbəpɪbɪpʊbʊrə ‫پبپبپبر‬In fact, when joined,‫ ي‬j and ‫ ن‬nlook very similar to ‫ پ‬p and ‫ ب‬b – 60
  61. 61. ‫‪Read Sindhi right to left ‬‬ ‫– ‪Some more Sindhi words‬‬‫ڪم ڪن پن چم‬‫ڪمل گرم نرم پشم‬‫جنم چرن رسم وزن‬‫ملڪ پنج نمبر جهنم‬ ‫16‬
  62. 62. Read Sindhi right to left  Here’s how they sound and what they mean – ʨʊmʊ pənʊ kənʊ kəmʊ‫ڪم ڪن پن چم‬ kiss leaf ear workpəɕəmə nərəmʊ ɡərəmʊ kəməlʊ‫ڪمل گرم نرم پشم‬ wool soft hot lotus ʋəznʊ rəsmʊ ʨərənʊ ʥənəmʊ‫جنم چرن رسم وزن‬ weight custom foot birthjɛɦɛnʊmʊ nəmbərʊ pənʥə mʊlkʊ‫ملڪ پنج نمبر جهنم‬ hell number five country 62
  63. 63. Read Sindhi right to left  x ‫خ‬ This letter has a sound similar toch in Scottish loch 63
  64. 64. Read Sindhi right to left  ɣ ‫غ‬ This letter has a sound similar tor in French au revoir 64
  65. 65. Read Sindhi right to left  These are the letters we’ve just seenɣ x‫غ‬ ‫خ‬ 65
  66. 66. Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signs for ə, i and ʊ are written on these letters ɣə xə ‫غ‬ ‫خ‬ ɣɪ xɪ ‫غ‬ ‫خ‬ ɣʊ xʊ ‫غ‬ ‫خ‬ 66
  67. 67. Read Sindhi right to left  Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenɣəɣɪɣʊ xəxɪxʊ‫خخخ غغغ‬ 67
  68. 68. Read Sindhi right to left  Notice the similarity in how these letters look?ʥəʥɪʥʊ ʨəʨɪʨʊ xəxɪxʊ‫خخخ چچچ ججج‬ The only difference in how they look is the number of dots 68
  69. 69. Read Sindhi right to left  Can you read these Sindhi words? –‫غم خبر بغل غسل‬‫غزل خشڪ خرچ زخم‬ 69
  70. 70. Read Sindhi right to left  How many did you get right?ɣʊsʊlʊ bəɣəlʊ xəbərə ɣəmʊ‫غم خبر بغل غسل‬ bath armpit news griefzəxmʊ xərʨʊ xʊɕkʊ ɣəzəlʊ‫غزل خشڪ خرچ زخم‬wound expenditure dry sonnet 70
  71. 71. Read Sindhi right to left  t̪ ‫ت‬ This letter has a sound similar to t in Spanish toroTo pronounce this letter, the tip of your tongue touches the back of your front teeth 71
  72. 72. Read Sindhi right to left  d ̪ ‫د‬ This letter has a sound similar to d in Spanish diezTo pronounce this letter, the tip of your tongue touches the back of your front teeth 72
  73. 73. Read Sindhi right to left  These are the letters we’ve just seend̪ t̪‫د‬ ‫ت‬ 73
  74. 74. Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signs for ə, ɪ and ʊ are written on these letters də ̪ t̪ ə ‫د‬ ‫ت‬ dɪ ̪ t̪ ɪ ‫د‬ ‫ت‬ dʊ ̪ t̪ ʊ ‫د‬ ‫ت‬ 74
  75. 75. Read Sindhi right to left  Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seendədɪdʊ̪ ̪ ̪ t̪ ət̪ ɪt̪ ʊ‫ددد‬ ‫تتت‬ 75
  76. 76. Read Sindhi right to left  Notice the similarity in how these letters look? bəbɪbʊ pəpɪpʊ t̪ ət̪ ɪt̪ ʊ ‫ببب‬ ‫پپپ‬ ‫تتت‬ The only difference in how they look is The number of dotsThe letters below look similar when joined, but different when not joined! nənɪnʊrə jəjɪjʊrə t̪ ət̪ ɪt̪ ʊrə ‫نننر‬ ‫ييير‬ ‫تتتر‬ nə jə t̪ ə ‫ن‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ت‬ 76
  77. 77. Read Sindhi right to left These letters behave similarly, in that they don’t join the next one –dədɪdʊ̪ ̪ ̪ dʊ ̪ dɪ ̪ də ̪‫د + د + د = ددد‬rərɪrʊ rʊ rɪ rə‫ر + ر + ر = ررر‬zəzɪzʊ zʊ zɪ zə‫ز + ز + ز = ززز‬ʋəʋɪʋʊ ʋʊ ʋɪ ʋə‫و + و + و = ووو‬ 77
  78. 78. Read Sindhi right to left  Here are some Sindhi words with the new letters we’ve just seen – ‫چت‬ ‫دل‬ ‫در‬ ‫تر‬‫تپ ست مدد بدڪ‬‫پتل ختم سخت مسجد‬‫گردن دشمن دفتر مختلف‬ 78
  79. 79. Read Sindhi right to left  And here’s how you pronounce them, and what they mean – ʨɪt̪ ʊ dɪlᶦ dərʊ ̪ tɪrʊ ‫چت‬ ‫دل‬ ‫در‬ ‫تر‬ mind heart door sesame seed bədəkə ̪ mədədə ̪ ̪ sət̪ ə t̪ əpʊ‫تپ ست مدد بدڪ‬ duck help seven fever məsʥɪdᶦ ̪ səxt̪ ʊ xət̪ əmʊ pɪt̪ əlʊ‫پتل ختم سخت مسجد‬ mosque hard finished brass mʊxt̪ əlɪfʊ dəft̪ ərʊ ̪ dʊɕmənʊ ̪ ɡərdənʊ ̪‫گردن دشمن دفتر مختلف‬ different office enemy neck 79
  80. 80. Read Sindhi right to left  ʈ ‫ٽ‬ This letter has a sound similar to t in ash tray To pronounce this letter, the tip of your tonguecurls right back and touches the roof of your mouth 80
  81. 81. Read Sindhi right to left  ɖ ‫ڊ‬ This letter has a sound similar to d in rushed To pronounce this letter, the tip of your tonguecurls right back and touches the roof of your mouth 81
  82. 82. Read Sindhi right to left  These are the letters we’ve just seenɖ ʈ‫ڊ‬ ‫ٽ‬ 82
  83. 83. Read Sindhi right to left This is how the signs for ə, ɪ and ʊ are written on these letters ɖə ʈə ‫ڊ‬ ‫ٽ‬ ɖɪ ʈɪ ‫ڊ‬ ‫ٽ‬ ɖʊ ʈʊ ‫ڊ‬ ‫ٽ‬ 83
  84. 84. Read Sindhi right to left  Look at these sequences made from the letters and signs we’ve just seenɖəɖɪɖʊ ʈəʈɪʈʊ‫ڊڊڊ‬ ‫ٽٽٽ‬ 84
  85. 85. Read Sindhi right to left  Can you see how similar these groups of letters are, in pronunciation and shape? dədɪdʊ ̪ ̪ ̪ t̪ ət̪ ɪt̪ ʊ ‫ددد‬ ‫تتت‬ ɖəɖɪɖʊ ʈəʈɪʈʊ ‫ڊڊڊ‬ ‫ٽٽٽ‬ They are similar in terms of behaviour, too ‫ ٽ‬ʈ behaves exactly like ‫ ت‬t̪ and‫ ڊ‬ɖ behaves exactly like ‫ د‬d̪We’ve already seen the behaviour of ‫ ت‬and ‫ د‬on pages 76 and 77 85
  86. 86. Read Sindhi right to left Can you read this sequence?‫پلبلنليلتلٽل‬ You should have read – pəlbəlnəljəlt̪ əlʈəl 86
  87. 87. Read Sindhi right to left Here are some Sindhi words with the new letters we’ve just seen –‫سٽ ٽٽ پٽ ٽپ‬ ‫ڊپ‬ ‫سٽ‬ 87
  88. 88. Read Sindhi right to left  And here’s how you pronounce them, and what they mean –ɖəpʊ pʊʈʊ ʈʊʈʊ sʊʈʊ‫سٽ ٽٽ پٽ ڊپ‬fear son break thread mɪnəʈʊ məʈərʊ ‫منٽ‬ ‫مٽر‬ minute green peas That’s all for now. See you in the next part! 88
  89. 89. End of Part One Typeset in Segoe UI (English & IPA) and Lateef (Sindhi) For more information on the Sindhi script and its history – http://www.omniglot.com/writing/sindhi.htm References:Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing. Sindhi English Dictionary http://www.crulp.org/sed/ Machida, Kazuhiko. Intensive Language Courses – Sindhi, ILCAA, Tokyo http://www.aa.tufs.ac.jp/~kmach/html/aa_sindhi/vocabulary/vocab.htm Mewaram, Parmanand. A Sindhi-English Dictionary http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/mewaram/ Stack, George. A Dictionary – Sindhi and English http://goo.gl/fcHGD Wiktionary. हिन्दी-हिन्धी शब्दकोश http://hi.wiktionary.org/wiki/हिन्दी-हिन्धी_शब्दकोश v2012-12-13 ©2011 – 2012 Arvind Iyengar. All Rights Reserved.

×