Intro to Networks for LUCID

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Slides for the discussion of networks for LUCID 2013 (Lesley University Core Interdisciplinary Seminar)

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Intro to Networks for LUCID

  1. 1. Mike Pabian Graduate School of Education
  2. 2. Philosophical Foundations Identity and Personality Authenticity and Vulnerability Conformity and Bystander Intervention Power and Whistleblowing
  3. 3. How do we move from the individual and group level to larger collectives?
  4. 4. Albert Liau College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
  5. 5. Networks
  6. 6. Hari Kondabolu .com
  7. 7. How to reach Hari Kondabolu
  8. 8. Origamist Extraordinaire Brian Chan
  9. 9. Hari as Johnathan Gold in Randall Park’s “The Food”
  10. 10. Hari as Manoj in “MANOJ”
  11. 11. Hari Kondabolu .com
  12. 12. HariKondabolu.com “Manoj” by Hari Kondabolu “The Food” by Randall Park Email from Brian Chan
  13. 13. Origamist Extraordinaire Brian Chan
  14. 14. Brian Chan Albert
  15. 15. Phil Ted Wesley Chan Brian Chan Albert
  16. 16. Brian Chan Albert
  17. 17. Randall Park Brian Chan Albert
  18. 18. Hari Kondabolu Randall Park Brian Chan Albert
  19. 19. Hari Kondabolu Albert
  20. 20. Hari Kondabolu David Kong (Kongo Beatbox) Boston Progress Arts Collective Albert
  21. 21. Hari Kondabolu David Kong (Kongo Beatbox) Boston Progress Arts Collective Kit Yan (Good Asian Drivers) Albert Franny Choi Dillan DiGiovanni LUCID
  22. 22. Hari Kondabolu Michael Cera Randall Park “Knives Chow” David Kong (Kongo Beatbox) Brian Chan David Choi Boston Progress Arts Collective Kit Yan (Good Asian Drivers) Albert Franny Choi Dillan DiGiovanni LUCID technology exchange lab
  23. 23. Nodes
  24. 24. Hari Kondabolu Michael Cera Randall Park “Knives Chow” David Kong (Kongo Beatbox) Brian Chan David Choi Boston Progress Arts Collective Kit Yan (Good Asian Drivers) Albert Franny Choi Dillan DiGiovanni LUCID technology exchange lab
  25. 25. Links
  26. 26. Hari Kondabolu Michael Cera Randall Park “Knives Chow” David Kong (Kongo Beatbox) Brian Chan David Choi Boston Progress Arts Collective Kit Yan (Good Asian Drivers) Albert Franny Choi Dillan DiGiovanni LUCID technology exchange lab
  27. 27. Hari Kondabolu Michael Cera Randall Park “Knives Chow” David Kong (Kongo Beatbox) Brian Chan David Choi Jen Lin Boston Progress Arts Collective Monique Morimoto Albert David Morimoto LUCID technology exchange lab Liv Cummins BCNC Kit Yan (Good Asian Drivers) Franny Choi Dillan DiGiovanni Rachel Carbonara
  28. 28. Degree of Separation how far away other nodes are
  29. 29. Hari Kondabolu Michael Cera Randall Park “Knives Chow” David Kong (Kongo Beatbox) Brian Chan David Choi Boston Progress Arts Collective Kit Yan (Good Asian Drivers) Albert Franny Choi Dillan DiGiovanni LUCID technology exchange lab
  30. 30. degree of separation T N K S G O first-degree connection second-degree connection E third-degree connection
  31. 31. Hubs highly connected nodes
  32. 32. Hari Kondabolu Michael Cera Randall Park “Knives Chow” David Kong (Kongo Beatbox) Brian Chan David Choi Jen Lin Boston Progress Arts Collective Monique Morimoto Albert David Morimoto LUCID technology exchange lab Liv Cummins BCNC Kit Yan (Good Asian Drivers) Franny Choi Dillan DiGiovanni Rachel Carbonara
  33. 33. Networks and Epidemics
  34. 34. To figure out how a disease is spreading, look for hubs.
  35. 35. With Bird Flu, 'Right Now, Anything Is Possible' by RICHARD KNOX April 19, 2013 5:36 AM Listen to the Story Morning Edition 4 min 22 sec i ChinaFotoPress/Getty Images An international dream team of flu experts assembled in China today. Underscoring the urgency that public health agencies feel about the emergence of a new kind of bird flu, the team is headed by Dr. Keiji Fukuda, the World Health Organization's top influenza scientist. Before he left Geneva, Fukuda explained the wide-open nature of
  36. 36. Weak Ties
  37. 37. Hari Kondabolu Michael Cera Randall Park “Knives Chow” David Kong (Kongo Beatbox) Brian Chan David Choi Jen Lin Boston Progress Arts Collective Monique Morimoto Albert David Morimoto LUCID technology exchange lab Liv Cummins BCNC Kit Yan (Good Asian Drivers) Franny Choi Dillan DiGiovanni Rachel Carbonara
  38. 38. Hari Kondabolu Michael Cera Randall Park “Knives Chow” David Kong (Kongo Beatbox) Brian Chan David Choi Jen Lin Boston Progress Arts Collective Monique Morimoto Albert David Morimoto LUCID technology exchange lab Liv Cummins BCNC Kit Yan (Good Asian Drivers) Franny Choi Dillan DiGiovanni Rachel Carbonara
  39. 39. The Power of Weak Ties
  40. 40. Weak ties have high value as multipliers of our attention capacity, and as a source of tips for good shopping deals, job possibilities, and dating partners. —Dr. Daniel Goleman
  41. 41. Network Topology
  42. 42. Chapter 1 In the Thick of It
  43. 43. The Bucket Brigade Linear Mutual ties Photo from FEMA (flow in both directions)
  44. 44. The Telephone Tree Information is directional (inbound and outbound ties) Reduces number of steps Creates cascade effect
  45. 45. The Military Squad Tightly interconnected groups Two-way tie between all members of squad Squad is more intra-connected than inter-connected with other squads
  46. 46. Social Networks
  47. 47. Terms A Social Network: consists of all the connections and ties within a group or collection of groups A group is a collection of individuals defined by a common attribute (it need not contain information about connections)
  48. 48. Hari Kondabolu Michael Cera Randall Park “Knives Chow” David Kong (Kongo Beatbox) Brian Chan David Choi Jen Lin Boston Progress Arts Collective Monique Morimoto Albert David Morimoto LUCID technology exchange lab Liv Cummins BCNC Kit Yan (Good Asian Drivers) Franny Choi Dillan DiGiovanni Rachel Carbonara
  49. 49. Sociograms who is connected to whom
  50. 50. Activism Goes Online You might think increased discussion would bring us politically closer but this map of political blogs in America shows otherwise. Online social networks appear to be strongly homophilous and polarized.
  51. 51. The structure of a network determines its behavior.
  52. 52. David Morimoto College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
  53. 53. Ritualized warfare of Baseball? 1934: American baseball visits Japan 1935: Japanese baseball visits the US December 7, 1941: Japan bombs Pearl Harbor 1954: ‘Jap soldier marries nurse’: Boston Sunday Post front page, a few years after the US nuked Japan 2003 Red Sox sign a baseball ‘stay with your self’ (through the widening circles of belonging)
  54. 54. Emergence: a fundamental property of Complex Systems • System: ‘to hold together’ • Whole >> sum of parts (network interactions) • Cells, individuals, ideas, social groups, Homo sapiens, ecosystems, Earth (Gaia) Labeling: as fundamental to humans as Tribalism • Cliques, tribes, teams, religions, cultures… • Emergent identity at the group level (self-other discrimination)
  55. 55. Collective dynamics of ‘small-world’ networks Duncan J. Watts* & Steven H. Strogatz Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Kimball Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA Nature, 393: 440-442 (1998). SMALL WORLD NETWORKS: • Every node is connected to every other node, but mostly indirectly • Few nodes are highly connected • Low average path length • High clustering (substructure) • Seem to be ubiquitous in nature, a Unifying principle Table 1. Empirical examples of smallworld networks Lactual Cactual Film actors 3.65 0.79 Power grid 18.7 0.080 C. elegans 2.65 0.28 Social systems, brains, power grids! Terrorist networks, metabolic networks, food webs (ecosystem networks)! Science publication co-authorship, board memberships, rap musicians! The Internet!
  56. 56. Why are SWNs ubiquitous? The Nature of disturbance/flow (Uncertainty): It’s similar across scales and systems, like SWNs!! Mass extinctions, earthquakes, fires, stock market crashes, Internet attacks, traffic flow patterns, etc. all exhibit ‘self-organized criticality’ evidenced by power laws. (Many more small than large disturbances or flows) SWNs (across scales and systems) persist in the face of Uncertainty (across scales and systems): emergent identity, robust to disturbance
  57. 57. Cells (with Metabolic Networks), Tissues and organs (Neural Networks), and Individuals in Society (Social Networks) all emerge and persist (identity) due to Collective SWN Dynamics…
  58. 58. as do the Ecosystems of which we are part (with all of their creatures). SWN ubiquity across scales and systems reveals a collective Nature, http://www.youtube.com/watch? feature=player_embedded&v=l7A WnfFRc7g a larger planetary whole, and a unifying context for our drive to belong, and for our empathy and courage.
  59. 59. Oneself (written on my son Justin’s 10th birthday)
  60. 60. Apart and a Part of Everything an Other with every Thing from one Another one lf Ourselves Se our Selves

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